The Ancient Library

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On this page: Africanus – Agaclytus – Agallias – Agallis – Agamede – Agamedes – Agamemnon


Origen replied. This letter is extant, and has bsen published, together writh Origen's answer, by Wetstein, Basle, 1674, 4to. It is also contained in Be la Rue's edition of Origen. Africanus also wrote a letter to Aristeides on the genealogies of Christ in Matthew and Luke (Phot. Bill. 34; Euseb. Hist. JEccl. vi. 23), of which some extracts are given by Eusebius. (i. 7.)

There is another work attributed to Africanus, entitled Kecrroi, that is, embroidered girdles, so called from the celebrated kso-tos of Aphrodite. Some modern writers suppose this work to have been written by some one else, but it can scarcely be d jubted that it was written by the same Afri­canus, since it is expressly mentioned among his other writings by Photius (L c.), Suidas (L c.}, Syncellus (/. c.), and Eusebius. (vi. 23.) The number of. books of which it consisted, is stated variously. Suidas mentions twenty-four, Photius fourteen, and Syncellus nine. It treated of a vast variety of subjects—medicine, agriculture, natural history, the military art, &c., and seems to have been a kind of common-place book, in which the author entered the results of his reading Some of the books are said to exist still in manuscript. (Fabricius, Bill. Graee. vol. iv. pp. 240, &e.) Some extracts from them are published by Theve-not in the " Mathematici Veteres," Paris, 1693, fo., and also in the Geoponica of Cassianus Bassus. (Needham, Prolegom. ad Geopon.} The part re­lating to the military art was translated into French by Guichard in the third volume of u Mi-moires crit. et hist, sur plusieurs Points d'Anti-quites militaires," Berl. 1774. Compare Bureau de la Malle, " Poliorcetique des Anciens," Paris, 1819, 8vo.

AFRICANUS, T. SE'XTIUS, a Roman of noble rank, was deterred by Agrippina from mar­rying Silana. In A. d. 62, he took the census in the provinces of Gaul, together with Q. Volusius and Trebellius Maximus. (Tac. Ann. xiii. 19, xiv. 46.) His name occurs in a fragment of the Fratres Arvales. (Gruter, p. 119.) There was a T. Sextius Africanus consul with Trajan in A. d. 112, who was probably a descendant of the one mentioned above.

AGACLYTUS (AyanXvros}, the author of a work about Olympia (irepl 'OAujUTrtas), which is referred to by Suidas and Photius. (s. v.

AGALLIAS. [agallis.]

AGALLIS (*Aya\\is) of Corcyra, a female grammarian, who wrote upon Homer. (Athen. i. p. 14, d.) Some have supposed from two passages in Suidas (s. v. 'AvdyaXAts and "Op%7}o"js), that we ought to read Anagallis in this passage of Athenaeus. The scholiast upon Homer and Eu-stathius (ad II. xviii. 491) mention a grammarian of the name of Agallias, a pupil of Aristophanes the grammarian, also a Corcyraean and a commen­tator upon Homer, who may be the same as Agal-lis or perhaps her father.

AGAMEDE ('Aya^y). 1. A daughter of Augeias and wife of Mulius, who, according to Homer (II. xi. 739), was acquainted with the heal­ing powers of all the plants that grow upon the earth. Hyginus (.Fab. 157) makes her the mother of Belus, Actor, and Bictys, by Poseidon.

2. A daughter of Macaria, from whom Agamede, a place in Lesbosj was believed to have derived its ftamc. (Steph. Byz. s. v. 'Aya^T}.) [L. S.]


AGAMEDES ('Aya^^s), a son of Stymphalus and great-grandson of Areas. (Paus. viii. 4. § 5, 5. § 3.) He was father of Cercyon by Epicaste, who also brought to him a step-son, Trophonius, who was by some believed to be a son of Apollo. Ac­ cording to others, Agamedes was a son of Apollo and Epicaste, or of Zeus and locaste, and father of Trophonius. The most common story however is, that he was a son of Erginus, king of Orchomenus, aiid brother of Trophonius. These two brothers are said to have distinguished themselves as architects, especially in building temples and palaces. Among others, they built a temple of Apollo at Delphi, and a treasury of Hyrieus, king of Hyria in Boeotia. (Paus. ix. 37- § 3 ; Strab. ix. p. 421.) The scholiast on Aristophanes (ATub. 508) gives a somewhat diffe­ rent account from Charax, and makes them build the treasury for king Augeias. The story about this treasury in Pausanias bears a great resemblance to that which Herodotus (ii. 121) relates of the treasury of the Egyptian king Rhampsinitus. In the con­ struction of the treasury of Hyrieus, Agamedes and Trophonius contrived to place one stone in such a manner, that it could be taken away outside, and thus formed an entrance to the treasury, without any body perceiving it. Agamedes and Trophonius now constantly robbed the treasury ; and the king, seeing that locks- and seals were uninjured while his treasures were constantly decreasing, set traps to catch the thief. Agamedes was thus ensnared, and Trophonius cut off'his head to avert the discovery. After this, Trophonius was immediately swallowed up by the earth. On this spot there was afterwards, in the grove of Lebadeia, the so-called cave of Aga­ medes -with a column by the side of it. Here also was the oracle of Trophonius, and those who con­ sulted it first offered a ram to Agamedes and in­ voked him. (Paus. ix. 39. § 4 ; compare Diet, of Ant. p. 673.) A tradition mentioned by Cicero (Ttisc. Quaest. i. 47 ; comp. Plut. De consol. ad Apollon. 14), states that Agamedes and Tropho­ nius, after having built the temple of Apollo at Delphi, prayed to the god to grant them in reward for their labour what was best for men. The god promised to do so on a certain day, and when the day came, the two brothers died. The question as to whether the story about the Egyptian treasury is derived from Greece, or whether the Greek story was an importation from Egypt, has been answered by modern scholars in both ways; but Muller (Orcliom. p. 94, &c.) has rendered it very probable that the tradition took its rise among the Minyans, was transferred from them to Augeias, and was. known in Greece long before the reign of Psammi- tichus, during which the intercourse between the two countries was opened. [L. S.]

AGAMEMNON ('AyapLetwav). 1. A son of Pleisthenes and grandson of Atreus, king of My­cenae, in whose house Agamemnon and Menelaus were educated after the death of their father. (Apollod. iii. 2. § 2; Schol. ad En-rip. Or. 5 ; SchoL ad Iliad, ii. 249.) Homer and several other writers call him a son of Atreus, grandson of Pelops, and great-grandson of Tantalus. (Horn. //. xi. 131 ; Eurip. Helen. 396 ; Tzetz. adLycophr. 147 ; Hygin. Fab. 97.) His mother was, according to most ac­counts, Ae'rope; but some call Eriphyle the wife of Pleisthenes and the mother of Agamemnon. Besides his brother Menelaus, he had a sister, who is called Anaxibia, Cyndragora, 01 Astyocheia. (Schol. Eurip. Or. 5 ;.. Hygin. Fab. 17.) Aga-

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