The Ancient Library

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On this page: Alebion – Alecto – Alemon – Aletes – Aleuas

"'A LEU AS.'

VTeyer, Gescli. der bildend. Kunste^ ii. p. 99, &c. 3n the road from Sparta to Therapne there was ikewise a statue of Athena Alea. (Paus. iii. 19. 3 7.) [L. S.]

ALEBION. [albion.]

ALECTO. [furiab.]

, ALECTOR fAAe'/crwp). 1. The father of Le'itus, the Argonaut. (Apollod. i. 9. § 16.) II o-ner (//. xvii. 602) calls him Alectryon.

2. A son of Anaxagoras and father of Iphis, dug of Argos. He was consulted by Polyneices is to the manner in which Amphiaraus might be :ompelled to take part in the expedition against Thebes. (Apollod. iii. 6. § 2 ; Paus. ii. 18. § 4.) Two others of the same name are mentioned in Joiner. (Od. iv. 10; Eustath. ad Horn. pp. 303 md 1598.) [L. S.]

ALEMON, -ALEMO'NIDES. [myscblus.]

ALETES ('AA??T7?s), a son of Hippotes and a lescendant of Heracles in the fifth degree. He is aid to have taken possession of Corinth, and to lave expelled the Sisyphids, thirty years after the irst invasion of Peloponnesus by the Heraclids. iis family, sometimes called the Aletidae, main-ained themselves at Corinth down to the time of 3acchis. (Paus. ii. 4. § 3, v. 18. § 2; Strab. viii. ». 389; Callim. Fragm. 103; Find. OL xiii. 17.) /elleius Paterculus (i. 3) calls him a descendant f Heracles in the sixth degree. He received an racle, promising him the sovereignty of Athens, if iiring the war, which was then going on, its king hould remain uninjured. This oracle became .nown at Athens, and Codrus sacrificed himself :>r his country. (Conon, Narrat. 26.) [CoDRUS.]

Other persons of this name are mentioned in Apollod. iii. 10. § 6 ; Hygin. Fab. 122, and in 'irg. Aen. i. 121, ix. 462. [L. S.]

ALEUAS and- ALEU'ADAE ('AAeifos- and \Aeua5ai). Aleuas is the ancestorial hero of the "hessaliaii, or, more particularly, of the Larissaean imily of the Aleuadae. (Find. Pyih. x. 8, with fie Schol.) The Aleuadae were the noblest and lost powerful among all the families of Thessaly, whence Herodotus (vii. 6) calls its members J3a<ri-etV. (Comp. Diod. xv. 61, xvi. 14.) The first deuas, who bore the surname of Hvppos, that is, :ie red-haired, is called king (here synonymous ath Tagus, see Diet, of Ant. p. 932) of Thessaly, nd a descendant of Heracles through Thessalus, ne of the many sons of Heracles. (Suidas, s. v. VAeuciSaf; Ulpian, ad Dem. Olynili. i.; Schol. d Apollon. Rhod. iii. 1090 ; Vellei. i. 3.) Plutarch ie Am. Frat. in fin.) states, that he was hated by is father on account of his haughty and savage laracter; but his uncle nevertheless contrived to et him elected king and sanctioned by the god of >e]phi. His reign was more glorious than that of ny of his ancestors, and the nation rose in power nd importance. This Aleuas, who belongs to the lythical period of Greek history, is in all proba-ility the same as the one who, according to Hege-, ion (ap. Ad. Anim. viii. 11), was beloved by a ragon. According to Aristotle (ap. Harpocrat. v. Terpapxi-i) the division of Thessaly into four irts, of which traces remained down to the latest rnes, took place in the reign of the first Aleuas. uttmann places this hero in the period between ie so-called return of the Heraclids and the age of eisistratus. But even earlier than the time of sisistratus the family of the Aleuadae appears to ive become divided into two branches, the Aleu-



adae and the Scopadae, called after Scopas, proba­bly a son of Aleuas. (Ov. 76w, 512.) The Sco­padae inhabited Crannon and perhaps Pharsalus also, while the main branch, the Aleuadae, remain­ed at Larissa. The influence of the families, how­ever, was not confined to these towns, but extended more or less over the greater part of Thessaty. They formed in reality a powerful aristocratic party (/BcunAets) in opposition to the great body of the Thessalians. (Herod, vii. 172.)

The earliest historical person, who probably be­longs to the Aleuadae, is Eurylochus, who termi­nated the war of Cirrha about b.c. 590. (Strab. ix. p. 418.) [eurylochus.] In the time of the post Simonidcs we find a second Aleuas, who was a friend of the poet. He is called a son of Echecra-tides and Syris (Schol. ad Theocrit. xvi. 34); but besides the suggestion of Ovid (Ibis, 225), that he had a tragic end, nothing is known about him. At the time when Xerxes invaded Greece, three sons of this Aleuas, Thorax, Eurypylus, and Thra-sydaeus, came to him as ambassadors, to request him to go on with the war, and to promise him their assistance. (Herod, vii. 6.) [thorax.] When, after the Persian war, Leotychides was sent to Thessaly to chastise those who had acted as traitors to their country, he allowed himself to be ,.bribed by the . Aleuadae, although he might have subdued all Thessaly. (Herod, vi. 72; Paus. iii. 7. § 8.) This fact shews that the power of the Aleuadae was then still as great as before. About the year b. c. 460, we find an Aleuad Orestes, son

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of Echecratides, who came to Athens as a fugitive, and persuaded the Athenians to exert themselves for his restoration. (Thuc. i. 111.) He had been expelled either by the Thessalians or more probably by a faction of his own family, who wished to exclude him from the dignity of jScunAevs (i. e. probably Tagus), for such feuds among the Aleuadae themselves are frequently mentioned. (Xen. Anal}, i. 1. § 10.)

After the end of the Peloponnesian war, another Thessalian family, the dynasts of Pherae, gradually rose to power and influence, and gave a great shock to the power of the Aleuadae. As early as b.c. 375, Jason of Pherae, after various struggles, suc­ceeded in raising himself to the dignity of Tagus. (Xen. Hdlen. ii. 3. § 4; Diod. xiv. 82, xv. 60.) When the dynasts of Pherae became tyrannical, some of the Larissaean Aleuadae conspired to put an end to their rule, and for this purpose they invited Alexander, king of Macedonia, the son of Amyntas. (Diod. xv. 61.) Alexander took Larissa and Crannon, but kept himself. Afterwards, Pelopidas restored the original state of things in Thessaly; but the dynasts of Pherae soon reco­vered their power, and the Aleuadae again solicited the assistance of Macedonia against them. Philip willingly complied with the request, broke the power of the tyrants of Pherae, restored the towns to an appearance of freedom, and made the Aleua­dae his faithful friends and allies. (Diod. xvi. 14.) In what manner Philip used them for his purposes, and how little he spared them when it was his interest to do so, is sufficiently attested. (Dem. de Cor. p. 241 ; Polyaen. iv. 2. § 11; Ulpian, Lc.) Among the tetrarchs whom he entrusted with the administration of Thessaly, there is one Thrasy-i daeus (Theopomp. ap.Athen. vi. p. 249), who un­doubtedly belonged to the Aleuadae, just as the Thessalian Mcdius, who is mentioned as one of

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