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the companions of Alexander the Great. (Plut. De Tranquil. 13 ; comp. Strab. xi. p. 530.) The family now sank into insignificance, and the last certain trace of an Aleuad is Thorax, a friend of Antigonus. (Plut. Demetr. 29.) Whether the sculptors Aleuas, mentioned by Pliny (H. N. xxxiv. 8), and Scopas of Paros, were in any way con-
nected with the Aleuadae, cannot be ascertained. See Boeckh's Commentary on Find. Pyth. x. ; Schneider, on Aristot. Polit. v. 5, 9; but more particularly Buttmann, Von dem Geschlecht der Aleuaden^ in his Myiliol. ii. p. 246, &c., who has made out the following genealogical table of the Aleuadae.
aleuas TLvppos, king, on tagus, of thessaly.
Ol. 40. Echecr „ 45. „ 50.
„ 80. Ore
„ 90. Q^>
Me „ 100. „ 105. „ 110. „ 115. Me
Sim 'atides. wife Dyseris. Aleu
)n. Diactorides 3as II.
pas III., Tagus
ALEUAS, an artist who was famous for his statues of philosophers. (Plin. //. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19, 26.) [C. P. M.]
ALEUS ('AAe<£s), a son of Apheidas, and grandson of Areas. He was king of Tegea in Arcadia, and married to Neaera, and is said to have founded the town of Alea and the first tem-ple of Athena Alea at Tegea. (Paus. viii. 23. § 1, 4. § 3, &c.; Apollod. iii. 9. § 1.) [alea.] [L. S.]
ALEXAMENUS ('AAelajuewfc), was general of the Aetolians, b. c. 196 (Polyb. xviii. 26), and was sent by the Aetolians, in b. c. 192, to obtain possession of Lacedaemon. He succeeded in his object, and killed Nabis, the tyrant of Lacedaemon ; but the Lacedaemonians rising against him shortly after, he and most of his troops were killed. (Liv. xxxv. 34—36.)
ALEXAMENUS ('AAe^ei/o's), of Teos, was, according to Aristotle, in his work upon poets (ircpl Troif]rwv\ the first person who wrote dialogues in the Socratic style before the time of Plato. (Athen. xi. p. 505,b. c.; Diog. Lae'rt. iii. 48.)
ALEXANDER ('AAe'fcu/Spc/s), the defender of men, a surname of Hera under which she was worshipped at Sicyon. A temple had been built there to Hera Alexandros by Adrastus after his flight from Argos. (Schol. ad Pind. Nem. ix. 30 ; comp. Apollod. iii. 12. § 5.) [L. S.]
ALEXANDER ('AA^o^pos), a man whom Mithridates is charged by Sulla with having sent to assassinate Nicomedes. (Appian, De Bell. Miihr. 57.) He seems to be the same person as Alexan der the Paphlagonian, who is afterwards (76, &c.) mentioned as one of the generals of Mithridates, and was made prisoner by Lucullus, who kept him to adorn his triumph at Rome. [L. S.]
ALEXANDER ('AA^a^pos), a saint am martyr, whose memory is celebrated by the Romis' church, together with the other martyrs of Lyon and Vienne, on the second of June. He was native of Phrygia, and a physician by professior and was put to death, A. d. 177, during the perse cution that raged against the churches of Lyon and Vienne under the emperor Marcus Aureliu; (Epist. Ecdes. Lugdun. et Vienn. apud Euseb. His Ecd. v. 1. p. 163.) He was condemned, together wit another Christian, to be devoured by wild beasl in the amphitheatre, and died (as the historia expresses it) "neither uttering a groan nor a sy lable, but conversing in his heart with God. (Bzovius, Nomendator Sanctorum Professione M> dicorum; Ma,rtyrol. Roman, ed. Baron.; Ada San< torum, June 2.) [W. A. G.]
ALEXANDER, an acarnanian, who ha once been a friend of Philip III. of Macedoni but forsook him, and insinuated himself so muc into the favour of Antiochus the Great, that 1 was admitted to his most secret deliberations. K advised the king to invade Greece, holding out him the most brilliant prospects of victory over tl Romans, b. c. 192. (Liv. xxxv. 18.) Antiochi followed his advice. In the battle of Cynoscephala in which Antiochus was defeated by the Roman Alexander was covered with wounds, and in th state he carried the news of the defeat to his kin, who was staying at Thronium, on the Maliac gu When the king, on his retreat from Greece, hf reached Cenaeum in Euboea, Alexander died ai was buried there, b, c. 191. (xxxvi. 20.) [L. S