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On this page: Alex – Alexandra – Alexandrides – Alexanor – Alexarchus – Alexias – Alexicacus – Alexicles – Alexicrates – Alexida – Alexion – Alexippus – Alexis



to pay his troops; but the people rose against him and drove him out of the city. He soon fell into the hands of robbers, who delivered him up to Antioclms, by whom he was put to death, b. c. 122. He was weak and effeminate, but sometimes gene­rous. His surname, Zebina, which means " a purchased slave," was applied to him as a term of reproach, from a report that he had been bought by Ptolemy as a slave. Several of his coins are extant. In the one figured below Jupiter is re­presented on the reverse, holding in the right hand a small image of victory.

(Justin. xxxix. 1, 2 ; Joseph. Antiq. xiii. 9, 10 ; Clinton, Fasti, iii. p. 334.) [P. S.]

ALEXANDRA. [cassandra.]

ALEXANDRIDES ('AAelavSpo^s) of Delphi, a Greek historian of uncertain date. If we may judge from the subjects on which his history is quoted as an authority, it would seem that his work was a history of Delphi. (Pint. Lysand. 18 ; Sehol. ad Eurip. Alcest. 1, where undoubtedly the same person is meant, though the MS. reading is Anaxandrides ; Schol. ad Aristoph. Plut. 926.)

[L. S.]

ALEXANOR ('AAe^z/wp), a son of Machaon, and grandson of Aesculapius, who built to his sire a temple at Titane in the territory of Sicyon. He himself too was worshipped there, and sacrifices were offered to him after sunset only. (Paus. ii. 23. §4, 11. § 6, &c.) [L. S.]

ALEXARCHUS ('AA^apxos), a Greek his­ torian, who wrote a work on the history of Italy ('IraAwa), of which Plutarch (Parallel. 7) quotes the third book. Servius (ad Aen. iii. 334) men­ tions an opinion of his respecting the origin of the names Epeirus and Campania, which unquestion­ ably belonged to his work on Italy. The writer of this name, whom Plutarch mentions in another passage (De Is. et Os. p. 365), is probably a different person. [L. S.]

ALEXARCHUS (>A.\QapXos). 1. A brother of Cassander of Macedonia, who is mentioned as the founder of a town called Uranopolis, the site of which is unknown. Here he is said to have introduced a number of words of his own coinage, which, though very expressive, appear to have been regarded as a kind of slang. (Athen. iii. p. 98.)

2. A Corinthian, who, while the Lacedaemo­ nians were fortifying Deceleia in Attica, b. c. 413, and were sending an expedition to Sicily, was entrusted with the command of 600 hoplites, with whom he joined the Sicilian expedition. (Thucyd. vii. 19.) [L. S.J

ALEXIAS ('AAegtas), an ancient Greek physi­cian, who was a pupil of Thrasyas of Man tinea, and lived probably about the middle of the fourth century before Christ. Theophrastus mentions him as having lived shortly before his time (Hist.


Plant, ix. 16. § 8), and speaks highly of his abili­ ties and acquirements. [W. A. G.]

ALEXICACUS ('AAegtWos), the averter of evil, is a surname given by the Greeks to several deities, as—Zeus (Orph. De Lapid. Prooem. L),— to Apollo, who was worshipped under this name by the Athenians, because he was believed to have stopped the plague which raged at Athens in the time of the Peloponnesian war (Pans. i. 3. § 3, viii. 41. § 5),—and to Heracles. (Lactant. v. 3.)

[L. S.]

ALEXICLES ('AA^/rA^s), an Athenian gene­ ral, who belonged to the oligarchial or Lacedaemo­ nian party at Athens. After the revolution of b. c. 411, he and several of his friends quitted the city and went to their friends at Deceleia. But he was afterwards made prisoner in Peiraeeus, and sen­ tenced to death for his participation in the guilt of Phrynichus. (Thucyd. viii. 92 ; Lycurg. in Leocr. p. 164.) [L. S.]

ALEXICRATES('AAe£K^T77s),a Pythagorean philosopher who lived at the time of Plutarch, and whose disciples continued to observe the ancient diet of the Pythagoreans, abstaining from fish alto­gether. (Plut. Sympos. viii. p. 728.) Another person of this name occurs in Plutarch, Pyrrh. 5.)

[L. S.J

ALEXIDA ('AAepTj), a daughter of Amphi-araus, from whom certain divinities called Elasii ( 'EAcitfioi, i. e. the averters of epileptic fits) were

believed to be descended. (Plut. Quaest. Gr. 23.'

[L. S.] '

ALEXl'NUS ('AA6g?yos), a philosopher of the Dialectic or Megarian school and a disciple of Eu bulides [euclides], from his eristic propensitie facetiously named >EAe7|?fos, who lived about th> beginning of the third century before Christ. 11 was a native of Elis, and a contemporary of Zenc From Elis he went to Olympia, in the vain hope it is said, of founding a sect which might be calle the Olympian ; but his disciples soon became dis gusted with the unhealthiness of the place an their scanty means of subsistence, and left hii with a single attendant. None of his doctrine have been preserved to us, but from the brief mei tion made of him by Cicero (Acad. ii. 24), } seems to have dealt in sophistical puzzles, lil< the rest of his sect. Athenaeus (xv. p. 696, e mentions a paean which he wrote in honour Craterus, the Macedonian, and which was sung ; Delphi to the sound of the lyre. Alexinus al wrote against Zeno, whose professed antagonist 1 was, and against Ephorus the historian. Diogcn Laertius has preserved some lines on his deat which was occasioned by his being pierced vvi a reed while swimming in the Alpheus. (Dit Laert. ii. 109, 110.) [B. J.]

ALEXION, an ancient physician, who was pi bably (judging from his name) a native of Greec he was a friend of Cicero, who praises his medii skill, and deeply laments his sudden death, b. 44. (AdAtt. vii. 2, xiii. 25, xv. I.d2.) [W. A. (

ALEXIPPUS ('AAeVTTos), an ancient Gre physician, who is mentioned by Plutarch (Al c. 41) as having received a letter from Alexan< himself, to thank him for having cured Peucest one of his officers, of an illness probably about b 327. [W.A.G.J

ALEXIS ("AAe£is). ]. A comic poet, born Tlmrii, in Magna Graccia (Suidas s. v. ''AA.), : admitted subsequently to the privileges of

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