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On this page: Amelesagoras – Amelius – Amentes – Amerias – Ameristus – Amestris – Amianus – Amisodarus – Amiton – Ammianus – Ammianus Marcellinus

142 AMERIAS.

Koi/yos appears to have had the same subiect and

i £ v

aim as the " Clouds." It is at least certain that Socrates appeared in the play, and that the Chorus consisted of QpovTiffrai. (Diog. Laert. ii. 28; Athen. v. p. 218.) Aristophanes alludes to Ameipsias in the " Frogs" (v. 12—14), and we are told in the anonymous life of Aristophanes, that when Aristophanes first exhibited his plays, in the names of other poets, Ameipsias applied to him the proverb rerpdfii ysyovws, which means " a person who labours for others," in allusion to Heracles, who was born on the fourth of the month.

Ameipsias wrote many comedies, out of which there remain only a few fragments of the follow­ ing : —'ATTOKOTTaSi^bi/Tes, Kareo-Qiuv (doubtful), Kowos, Mot^ot, 2cc7n£><y, 'Sfyevftovq^ and of some the names of which are unknown. Most of his plays were of the old comedy, but some, in all probability, were of the middle. (Meineke, Frag. Com. i. p. 199, ii. p. 701.) [P. S.]

AMELESAGORAS (A^X-no-ayopas) or ME-LESA'GORAS(MeA»jo-a7o>as), as he is called by others, of Chalcedon, one of the early Greek histo­rians, from whom Gorgias and Eudemus of Naxos borrowed. (Clem. Alex. Strom. vi. p. 629, a; Schol. ad Eurip. Alcest. 2 ; Apollod. iii. 10. § 3, where Heyne has substituted MeA^crayo'pas for Mvrjo-aydpas.) Maximus Tyrius (Serm. 38. § 3) speaks of a Melesagoras, a native of Eleusis, and Antigonus of Carystus (Hist, Mirab, c. 12) of an Amelesagoras of Athens, the lat-ter of whom wrote an account of Attica; these persons are probably the same, and perhaps also the same as Amelesa­goras of Chalcedon. (Vossius, de Hist. Graec. p. 22, ed. Westermann.)

AMELIUS ('AjueAtos), a native of Apamea according to Suidas (s. v. 'AjueAzos), but a Tuscan according to Porphyry (vit. Plotin.\ belonged to the new Platonic school, and was the pupil of Plotinus and master of Porphyry. He quoted the opinion of St. John about the Aoyos without men­tioning the name of the Apostle : this extract has been preserved by Eusebius. (Praep. Evang. xi. 19.) See Suid. Porphyr. II. cc.; Syrian, xii. Metapliys. p. 47, a. 61, b. 69, a. 88, a.; Bentley, Remarks on Free- Thinking, p. 182, &c., Lond. 1743 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. iii. p. 160.

AMENTES (*A^i/T7]s), an ancient Greek sur­ geon, mentioned by Galen as the inventor of some ingenious bandages. (De Fasciis, c. 58, 61, 89, vol. xii. pp. 486, 487, 493, ed. Chart.) Some fragments of the works of a surgeon named Amynias (of which name Amentes is very possibly a corruption) still exist in the manuscript Collec­ tion of Surgical Writers by Nicetas (Fabricius, Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 778, ed. vet.), and one ex­ tract is preserved by Oribasius (Coll. Medic, xlviii. 30) in the fourth volume of Cardinal Mai's Collec­ tion of Classici Auctores e Valicanis Codicibus, p. 99, Rom. 1831, 8vo. His date is unknown, ex­ cept that he must have lived in or before the second century after Christ. He may perhaps be the same person who is said by the Scholiast on Theocritus (Idyll, xvii. 128) to have been put to death by Ptolemy Philadelphia, about B. c. 264, for plotting against his life. [W. A. G.]

AMERIAS (Ampins), of Macedonia, a gram­marian, who wrote a work entitled T\wo-crai, which gave an account of the meaning of words, and another called 'pi£otouikos. (Athen. iv. p.

AMMIANUS.

176*, c, e, xv. p. 681, f, &c.; Schol. ad Apoll.Rhod; ii. 384, 1284 ; Kuster, ad Hesych. s. v. 'Afoj^eVos.)

AMERISTUS ('A^pio-ros), the brother of the poet Stesichorus, is mentioned by Proclus (ad Euclid, ii. p. 19) as one of the early Greek geo­meters. He lived in the latter end of the seventh century b. c.

AMESTRIS. [amastris.]

AMIANUS, whom Cicero mentions in a letter to Atticus (vi. 1. § 13), written b.c. 50, was pro­bably a debtor of Atticus in Cilicia.

AMISODARUS(A^a^apos)^king of Lycia, who was said to have brought up the monster Chi-maera. (Horn. //. xvi. 328 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1062; Apollod. ii. 3. § 1; Aelian, PI. A. ix. 23.) His sons Atymnius and Maris were slain at Troy by the sons of Nestor. (//. xvi. 317, &c.) [L. S.]

AMITON (A/jLiTwv), of Eleutherae in Crete, is said to have been the first person who sung to the lyre amatory poems. His descendants were called Amitores(A/jiiropes}. (Athen. xiv. p. 638, b.) There seems some corruption in the text of Athe-naeus, as the two names Amiton and Amitores do not correspond. Instead of the former we ought perhaps to read Ametor. (Comp. Etym. M. p. 83, 15, eel. Sylburg.; Hesych. s. v. 'A^yr option.)

AMMIANUS ('A^a/uia^os), a Greek epigram­matist, but probably a Roman by birth. The Greek Anthology contains 27 epigrams by hirr (Jacobs, iii. pp. 93—98), to which must be addec another contained in the Vatican MS. (Jacobs xiii. p. 693), and another, which is placed amon^ the anonymous epigrams, but which some MSS assign to Ammianus. (Jacobs, iv. p. 127, No. xiii. They are all of a facetious character. In th< Planudean MS. he is called Abbianus, whicl Wernsdorf supposes to be a Greek form of Avianu or Avienus. (Poet. Lat. Min. v. p. ii. p. 675.)

The time at which he lived may be gathered with tolerable certainty, from his epigrams. Tha he was a contemporary of the epigrammatist Lucil lius, who lived under Nero, has been inferred fron the circumstance that both attack an orator namei Flaccus. (Ammian. Ep. 2; Lucil. Ep. 86, aj Jacobs.) One of his epigrams (13) is identics with the last two lines of one of Martial's (ix. 30^ who is supposed by some to have translated thes lines from Ammianus, and therefore to have live* after him. But the fact is equally well explaine on the supposition that the poets were contempc rary. From two other epigrams of Ammianu (Jacobs, vol. iv. p. 127, No. 42, and vol. xii p. 125), we find that he was contemporary wit the sophist Antonius Polemo, who flourished undt Trajan and Hadrian. (Jacobs, Anthol. Graec. x pp. 312,313, xiii. p. 840.) [P. S.]

AMMIANUS MARCELLINUS, "the las subject of Rome who composed a profane histor in the Latin language," was by birth a Greek, i he himself frequently declares (xxxi. sub fin xxii. 8. § 33, xxiii. 6. § 20, &c.), and a native < Syrian Antioch, as we infer from a letter addresse to him by Libanius. (See Vales, proof. in Ammiai Marcelling At an early age he embraced the pr< fession of arms, and was admitted among tli protectores domestic^ which proves that he belonge to a distinguished family, since none were enrolle in that corps except young men of noble blood, ( officers whose valour and fidelity had been prove in long service. Of his subsequent promotion ik thing is known. He was attached to the staff <

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