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On this page: Androsthenes – Androtion – Aneristus – Aneroestu – Anesidora – Angelion – Angelos – Angerona


2. Of Cyzicus, left by Antiochus the Great in India, to convey the treasures promised him by the Indian king Sophagasenus. (Polyb. xi. 34.)

3. Of Corinth, who defended Corinth against the Romans in b. c. 198, and was defeated in the following year by the Achaeans. (Liv. xxxii. 23; xxxiii. 14, 15.)

4. Of Thessaly, called by Caesar the praetor of the country (by which he means merely the mili­tary commander), shut the gates of Gomphi against Caesar in b. c. 48, in consequence of the defeat at Dyrrhaehium. (Caes. B. C. iii. 80.)

ANDROSTHENES ('Arfpo<retvi}s\ an Athe­ nian sculptor, the disciple of Eucadmus, completed the figures supporting the roof of the temple of Apollo at Delphi, which had been left unfinished by Praxias. (Paus. x. 19. § 3.) The time when he lived is not exactly known; it was probably about 440. b. c. [P. S.]

ANDROTION ('AvSporfow), an Athenian ora­ tor, was a son of Andron, a pupil of Isocrates, and a contemporary of Demosthenes. (Suid. s. v.) To which of the .political parties of the time he be­ longed is uncertain ; but Ulpian (ad Demosth. c. Androt. p. 594) states, that he was one of the leading demagogues of his time. He seems to have, been a particularly skilful and elegant speaker. [Schol. ad Hermoyen. p. 401.) Among the orations )f Demosthenes there is one against our Androtion, ivhich Demosthenes delivered at the age of twenty- seven (Gellius, xv. 28 ; Plut. Dem. 15), and in -vhich he imitated the elegant style of Isocrates ind Androtion. The subject of the speech is this: \ndrotion had induced the people to make a pse- )hisma in a manner contrary to law or custom, uictemon and Diodorus came forward to accuse lim, and proposed that he should be disfranchised, tartly for having proposed the illegal psephisrna, nd partly for his bad conduct in other respects. )emosthenes wrote the oration against Androtion or Diodorus, one of the accusers, who delivered it. Liban. Argum. ad Demosth. Androt.} The issue of he contest is not known. The orations of Andro- ion have perished, with the exception of a frag- lent which is preserved and praised by Aristotle. Rhet. iii. 4.) Some modern critics, such as Wes- sling (ad Diod. i. 29), Coraes (ad Isocrat. ii. p. 0), and Orelli (ad Isocrat. de Antid. p. 248), as- :ibe to Androtion the Eroticus which is usually rinted among the orations of Demosthenes ; but icir arguments are not satisfactory. (Westermann, \uaest.Demosth. ii. p. 81.) There is an Androtion, ic author of an Atthis, whom some regard as the ime person as the orator. (Zosim. Vit. Isocr. p. i. ed. Dind.) [L. S.J ANDRO'TION ('AvSpoTiW), the author of an .tthis, or a work on the history of Attica, which frequently referred to by ancient writers. (Paus. . 7. § 2, x. 8. § 1 ; Marcellin. Vit. Time. § 28 ; lut. Solon, c. 15, &c.) The fragments of this ork have been published with those of Philo- .orus, by Siebelis, Lips. 1811. (Vossius, de Hist, race. 386, ed. Westermann,) ANDRO'TION ('Ai/SpoT/wv), a Greek writer ion agriculture, who lived before the time of leophrastus. (Theophr. ffist. Plant, ii. 8, de Caus. lant. iii. 15 ; Athen. iii. pp. 75, d., 82, c.; Varr. , R. 1.1; Colum. i. 1; Plin. Elenclms^ lib. viii.,&c.) ANDRUS. [andreus.] ANEMOTIS ('Adorns), the subduer of the nds, a surname of Athena under which she was



worshipped and had a temple at Mothone in Mes-senia. It was believed to have been built by Diomedes, because in consequence of his prayers the goddess had subdued the storms which did in­jury to the country. (Paus. iv. 35. § 5.) [L. S.J

ANERISTUS ('AvTipurros), the son of Sper-thias, a Lacedaemonian ambassador, who was sent at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, b. c. 430, to solicit the aid of the king of Persia. Pie was surrendered by the Athenians, together with the other ambassadors who accompanied him, by Sadocus, son of Sitalces, king of Thrace, taken to Athens, and there put to death. (Herod, vii. 137 ; Thuc. ii. 67.) The grandfather of Aneristus had the same name. (Herod, vii. 134.)

ANEROESTU6 or ANEROESTES ('A^prf-etTTos, 'Ai/^poe'o-TTjs), king of the Gaesati, a Gallic people between the Alps and the Rhone, who was induced by the Boii and the Insubres to make war upon the Romans. He accordingly invaded Italy in b. c. 225, defeated the Romans near Faesulae, but in his return home was intercepted by the con­sul C. Atilius, who had come from Corsica. A battle ensued near Pisae, in which the Gauls were defeated with immense slaughter, but Atilius was killed. Aneroestus, in despair, put an end to his own life. (Polyb. ii. 2*2, 26, &c., 31; comp. Eutrop. iii. 5 ; Oros. iv. 3 ; Zonaras, viii. 20.)

ANESIDORA ('A^cnSdSpa), the spender of gifts, a surname given to Gaea and to Demeter the latter of whom had a temple under this name at Phlius in Attica. (Paus. i. 31. § 2; Hesych. s. v.; Plut. Sympos. p. 745.) [L. S.]

ANGELION, sculptor. [tectabus.]

ANGELOS ("A77eAos). 1. A surname of Artemis, under which she was worshipped at Syracuse, and according to some accounts the ori­ginal name of Hecate. (Hesych. s. v. ; Schol. ad Theocrit. ii. 12.)

2. A son of Poseidon, whom, together with Melas, he begot by a nvmph in Chios. (Paus. vii. 4. § 6.) " [L. S.]

ANGERONA or ANGERO'NIA, a Roman divinity, of whom it is difficult to form a distinct idea, on account of the contradictory statements about her. According to one class of passages she is the goddess of anguish and fear, that is, the god­dess who not only produces this state of mind, but also relieves men from it. (Verrius Flacc. ap. Maerob. Sat. i. 10.) Her statue stood in the temple of Volupia, near the porta Romanula, close by the Forum, and she was represented with her mouth bound and sealed up (as obligatum et sig-natum, Maerob. I. c.; Plin. H. N. iii. 9), which according to Massurius Sabinus (ap. Maerob. L c.) indicated that those who concealed their anxiety in patience would by this means attain the greatest happiness. Hartung (Die Relig. d. Rom. ii. p. 2 47) interprets this as a symbolical suppression of cries of anguish, because such cries were always unlucky omens. He also thinks that the statue of the goddess of anguish was placed in the temple of the goddess of delight, to indicate that the latter should exercise her influence upon the former, and change sorrow into joy. Julius Modestus (ap. Maorob. L c.) andFestus (s. v. Angeronae deae) give an his­torical origin to the worship of this divinity, for they say, that at one time men and beasts were visited by a disease called angina, which disap­peared as soon as sacrifices were vowed to Ange-rona. (Comp. Orelli, Inscnpt. p. 87. No. 116.)


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