The Ancient Library

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On this page: Anthedon – Antheia – Anthelii – Anthemius – Anthes – Antheus – Anthianus – Anthimus – Anthippus – Anthus – Antia Gens – Antianeira – Antias



this is not precisely correct, since he lived before the period when comedy assumed its proper form. It is well observed by Bode (.Dram. Dicliikunsi. ii. p. 16), that Antheas, with his comus of phallo-phori, stands in the same relation to comedy as Arion, with his dithyrambic chorus, to tragedy. (See also Diet, of Ant. s. v. Comoedia.} [P. S.]

ANTHEDON. [anthas.]

ANTHEIA (*Az/0eia), the blooming, or the friend of flowers, a surname of Hera, under which she had a temple at Argos. Before this temple was the mound under which the women were bu­ ried who had come with Dionysus from the Aegean islands, and had fallen in a contest with the Ar- gives and Perseus. (Paus. ii. 22. § 1.) Antheia was used at Gnossus as a surname of Aphrodite. (Hesych. s. v.) [L. S.]

ANTHELII (*AvBri\ioi Scu/aoi/es), certain di­ vinities whose images stood before the doors of houses, and were exposed to the sun, whence they derived their name. (Aeschyl. Again. 530; Lobeck, ad Soph. Ajac. 805.) [L. S.]

ANTHEMIUS, emperor of the West, remark­ able for his reign exhibiting the last effort of .the Eastern empire to support the sinking fortunes of the Western. He was the son of Procopius, and son-in-law of the emperor Marcian, and on Ricimer applying to the eastern emperor Leo for a successor to Majorian in the west, he was in a. d. 467 named for the office, in which he was confirmed at Rome. His daughter was married to Ricimer; but a quarrel arising between Anthemius and Ricimer, the latter acknowledged Olybrius as em­ peror, and laid siege to Rome, which he took by storm in 473. Anthemius perished in the assault. His private life, which seems to have been good, is given in the panegyric upon him by Sidonius Apollonius, whom he patronized ; his public life in Jornandes (deReb. Get. c. 45), Marcellinus (Citron.}, and Theophanes (p. 101). See Gibbon, Decline and Fall c. 36. [A. P. S.]

ANTHEMIUS ('Ai/0^iuoy), an eminent mathe­ matician and architect, born at Tralles, in Lydia, in the sixth century after Christ. His father's name was Stephanus, who was a physician (Alex. Trail, iv. 1, p. 198); one of his brothers was the celebrated Alexander Trallianus; and Agathias mentions (Hist. v. p. 149), that his three other brothers, Dioscorus, Metrodorus, and Olympius, were each eminent in their several professions, lie was one of the architects employed by the emperor Justinian in the building of the church of St. Sophia, a. b. 532 (Procop. in Combefis. Manip. Rerum CPol. p. 284; Agath. Hist. v. p. 149, &c.; Du Cange, CPolis Christ, lib. iii. p. 11; Anselm. Bandur. ad Antiq. CPol. p. 772), and to him Eutocius dedicated his Commentary on the Conica of Apollonius. A fragment of one of his mathematical works was published at Paris, 4to. by M. Dupuy, 1777, with the title " Frag­ ment d'un Ouvrage Grec d'Anthemius sur des 6 Paradoxes de Mecanique;' revu et corrige sur quatre Manuscrits, avec une Traduction Franchise et des Notes." It is also to be found in the forty- second volume of the Hist, de VAcad. des Inscr. 1786, pp. 72, 392—451. [W. A. G.] ANTHERMUS, sculptor. [bupalus.]

ANTHES ("ai^tjs), probably only another fonn of Anthas. It occurs in Stephanus Byzantius, who calls him the founder of Anthane in Laconia; and in Plutarch (Quaest. Gr. 19) who says, that

.ANT1AS. '

the island of Calauria was originally called, after him, Anthedonia. [L. S.]

ANTHEUS (*Ai/0€iJs), the blooming, a surname of Dionysus. (Paus. vii. 21. § 2.) Anthius, a sur­ name which Dionysus bore at Athens, is probably only a different form for Antlieus. (Paus. i. 31. §2.) There are also two fabulous personages of this name. (Hygin. Fab. 157; Virg. A en. i. 181, 510? xii. 443.) [L. S.]

ANTHEUS, a Greek sculptor of considerable reputation, though not of first-rate excellence, flourished about 180 b. c. (Plin. xxxiv. 19, where Antlieus is a correction for the common reading Antaeus?) [P. S.]

ANTHIANUS (ANTHUS?), FURIUS, a Roman jurisconsult, of uncertain date. He was probably not later than Severus Alexander. He wrote a work upon the Edict, which in the Floren­ tine Index to the Digest is entitled ^uepos e8i/crou /3jgAi<x Tre.i're, but there are only three extracts made from it in the Digest, and all of these are taken from the first book. This has led many to hold that the compilers of the Digest possessed only an imperfect copy of his work. (P. I. Besier, Diss. de Furio Anthiano, J. C. ejusque fraqmentis, Lug. Bat. 1803.) [J. T. G.]

ANTHIMUS ('Av&Vos), bishop of Trapozus in Pontus, was made patriarch of Constantinople by the influence of the empress Theodora (a. d. 535), and about the same time was drawn over to the Eutychian heresy by Severus. Soon after his election to the patriarchate, Agapetus, the bishop of Rome, came to Constantinople, and obtained from the emperor Justinian a sentence of 'deposi­ tion against Anthimus, which was confirmed by a synod held at Constantinople under Mennas, the successor of Anthimus. (a. d. 536; Novell. 42; Mansi, Nova Collect. Concil. viii. pp. 821, 869, 1149-1158; Labbe, v.; agapetus.) Some frag­ ments of the debate between Anthimus and Aga­ petus in the presence of Justinian are preserved in the Acts of the Councils. [P. S.]

ANTHIPPUS ('Avflnnros), a Greek comic poet, a play of whose is cited by Athenaeus (ix. p. 403), where, however, we ought perhaps to read Az/a|t7r- tt^. [anaxippus.j [P. S.j

ANTHUS fAvOos), a son of Autonous and Hippodameia, who was torn to pieces by the horses of his father, and was metamorphosed into a bird which imitated the neighing of a horse, but always fled from the sight of a horse. (Anton. Lib. 7; Plin. H. N. x. 57.) [L. S.]

ANTIA GENS, of which the cognomens are briso and restio, seems to have been of con­siderable antiquity. The only person of this name, who has no cognomen, is sp. antius.

ANTIANEIRA ('Avrtdveipa). 1. The mother of the Argonaut Idmon by Apollo. (Orph. Arc/. 187.) The scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius (i. 139), however, calls Asteria the mother of Idmon.

2. A daughter of Menelaus, and mother of the Argonauts Eurytus and Echiones, whom she bore to Hermes. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 56 ; Hygin. Fab. 14.) [L. S.]

ANTIAS, a cognomen of the Valeria Gens, derived from the Roman colony of Antium.

1. L, valerius antias, was sent with five ships in b. c. 215 to convey to Rome the Cartha­ginian ambassadors, who had been captured by the Romans on their way to Philip of Macedonia, (Liv. xxiii. 34.)

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