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ANTIGONE.

Aurelianus (De Morb. A cut. ii. 10, p, 46), and he is probably the physician mentioned by Galen (Comment, in Hippocr. " De Nat. Horn" ii. 6, vol. xv. p. 136), together with several others who lived about that time, as being celebrated anatomists. • 3. One of Galen's contemporaries at Rome in the second century after Christ, who was a pupil of Quintus and Marinus, and had an extensive and lucrative practice. Galen gives an account {De Praenot. ad Posili. c. 3. vol. xiv. p. 613) of their differing in opinion as to the probable result of the illness of the philosopher Eudemus. (Le Clerc, Hist.de la Mid.; Fabricius, Biblioth. Gr. vol. xiii. p. 63, ed. vet. j Haller, Biblioth. Medic. Tract, torn, i.) [W. A. G.]

ANTIGENIDAS ('Pumyevftas), a Theban, the son of Satyrus or Dionysius, was a celebrated flute-player, and also a poet. He lived in the time of Alexander the Great. (Suidas and Harpocrat. s. v.; Plut. de Alex. fort. p. 355, a., de Music, p. 1138, a.; Cic. Brut. 50 ; Bode, Gescli. d. lyrisch. Diclitkunst d. Hellenen^ ii. p. 3*21, &c.) His two daughters, Melo and Satyra, who followed the pro­fession of their father, are mentioned in an epigram in the Greek Anthology, (v. 206.)

ANTIGNOTUS. " [antigonus, sculptor.] ANTI'GONE ('Az/rryoVTj). 1. A daughter of Oedipus by his mother Jocaste. She had two bro­thers, Eteocles and Polyneices, and a sister Ismene. In the tragic story of Oedipus Antigone appears as a noble maiden, with a truly heroic attachment to her father and brothers. When Oedipus, in des­pair at the fate which had driven him to murder his father, and commit incest with his mother, had put out his eyes, and was obliged to quit Thebes? he went to Attica guided and accompanied by his attached daughter Antigone. (Apollod. iii. 5. § 8, &c.) She remained with him till he died in Colo-nus, and then returned to Thebes. Haemon, the son of Creon, had, according to Apollodorus, died before this time; but Sophocles, to suit his own tragic purposes, represents him as alive and falling in love with Antigone. When Polyneices, subse­quently, who had been expelled by his brother Eteocles, marched against Thebes (in the war of the Seven), and the two brothers had fallen in single combat, Creon, who now succeeded to the throne, issued an edict forbidding, under heavy penalties, the burial of their bodies. While every

ANTIGONIDAE.

one else submitted to this impious command, Anti­gone alone defied the tyrant, and buried the body of Polyneices. According to Apollodorus (iii. 7. § 1), Creon had her buried alive in the same tomb with her brother. According to Sophocles, she was shut up in a subterraneous cave, where she killed herself, and Haemon, on hearing of her death, killed himself by her side ; so that Creon too received his punishment. A different account of Antigone is given by Hyginus. (Fab. 72.) Aes­chylus and Sophocles made the story of Antigone the subject of tragedies, and that of the latter, one of the most beautiful of ancient dramas, is still extant. Antigone acts a part in other extant dra­mas also, as in the Seven against Thebes of Aes-chylus, in the Oedipus in Colonus of Sophocles, and in the Phoenissae of Euripides.

2. A daughter of Eurytion of Phthia, and wife of Peleus, by whom she became the mother of Polydora. When Peleus had killed Eurytion during the chace, and fled to Acastus at lolcus, he drew upon himself the hatred of Astydameia, the wife of Acastus. [ acastus.] In consequence of this, she sent a calumniatory message to Antigone, stating, that Peleus was on the point of marrying Sterope, a daughter of Acastus. Hereupon Antigone hung herself in despair. (Apollod. iii. 13. § 1-3.)

3. A daughter of Laomeclon and sister of Priam. She boasted of excelling Hera in the beauty of her hair, and was punished for her presumptuous vanity

by being changed into a stork. (Ov, Met. vi. 93.)

4. A daughter of Pheres, married to Pyremus or Cometes, by whom she became the mother ol the Argonaut Asterion. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 35: Orph. Arg. 161; Hygin. Fab. 14.) [L. S.]

ANTFGONE (Wrr/oV??), the daughter o: Cassander (the brother of Antipater), was tht second wife of Ptolemy Lagus, and the mother o Berenice, who married first the Macedonian Philip son of Amyntas, and then Ptolemy Soter. (Droy sen, Gescli. d. Nachfolger Alexanders, p. 418, &c. and Tab. viii. 3.)

2. The daughter of Berenice by her first bus band Philip, and the wife of Pyrrhus. (Plu1 Pyrrh. 4.)

ANTIGONIDAE, the descendants of Anti gonus, king of Asia. The following genealogies table of this family is taken from Droysen's Get cliiclite der Nachfolger Alexanders.

Antigomis, died b. c. 301. Married Stratonice, daughter of Corrhaeus.

Philip, died u. c. 30*

Demetrius I. (Poliorcetes), k. of Macedonia, Died b. c. 283. Married

1. Phila, d. of Antipater.

2. Eurydice, widow of Ophelias.

3. Deidameia, d. of Aeacides.

4. An Illyrian.

5. Ptolemais, d. of Ptolemy Soter.

6. Lamia, an Hetaira.

i

Corrabus,

Antigonus Gonatas, k. of Macedonia. Died b. c. 239. Married 1. Phila, d. of Seleucus Nicator. Demo.

Stratonice. Married

1. Seleucus.

2. Antiochus,

Demetrius, of Gyrene. Died b. c. 250. Married Olympian of Larissa.

Phila

2.

a

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