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ANTIMACHUS,

not for any higher or poetical reason, that Agathar-chides made an abridgment of it. (Phot. Bibl. p. 171, ed. Bekker.)

The principal work of Antimachus was his epic poem called Thebais (©?7£ats), which Cicero desig­nates as magnum illud volumen. Porphyrius (ad Horat. ad Pison.l&S} says, that Antimachus had spun out his poem so much, that in the 24th book (volumen) his Seven Heroes had not yet arrived at Thebes. Now as in the remaining part of the work the poet had not only to describe the war of the Seven, but also probably treated of the war of the Epigoni (Schol. ad Aristopli. Pace. 1268), the length of the poem must have been immense. It was, like the elegy Lyde^ full of mythological lore, and all that had any connexion with the subject of the poem was incorporated in it. It was, of course, difficult to control such a mass, and hence we find it stated by Quintilian (x. 1. § 53 ; comp. Dionys. Hal. De verb. Compos. 22), that Antimachus was unsuccessful in his descriptions of passion, that his works were not graceful, and were deficient in arrangement. His style also had not the simple and easy flow of the Homeric poems. He bor­rowed expressions and phrases from the tragic writers, and frequently introduced Doric forms. 'Schol. ad Nicand Theriac. 3.) Antimachus was Jius one of the forerunners of the poets of the Alexandrine school, who wrote more for the learned ind a select number of readers than for the public it large. The Alexandrine grammarians assigned .0 him the second place among the epic poets, and he emperor Hadrian preferred his works even to hose of Homer. (Dion. Cass. Ixix. 4; Spartian. rladrian. 5.) There are some other works which *,re ascribed to Antimachus, such as a work en-itled "ApT€(jLis (Steph. Byz. s. v. KoTuAaioz'), a econd called AeAra (Athen. vii, p. 300), a third ailed 'Ic&x^Tj (Etymol. M. s. v. 5A§oA?frcop), and erhaps also a Centauromachia (Natal. Com. vii. ); but as in all these cases Antimachus is lentioned without any descriptive epithet, it can-ot be ascertained whether he is the Clarian oet, for there are two other poets of the same ame. Suidas says that Antimachus of Claros was

«/

Iso a grammarian, and there is a tradition that he lade a recension of the text of the Homeric poems; ut respecting these points see F. A. Wolf, Pro-

•ffom. pp. clxxvii. and clxxxi., &c. The numerous

•agments of Antimachus have been collected by . A. G. Schellenberg, Halle, 1786, 8vo. Some Iditional fragments are contained in H. G. Stoll, nimadv. in Antimaclii Fraym. Getting. 1841. hose belonging to the Thebais are collected in 'iintzer's Die Fragm. der Episch. Poes. der Griech. 's auf Alexand. p. 99, &c., comp. with Nachtrag^ 38, &c. See N. Bach, PMletae, Hermesianactis, c. reliquiae^ <Jrc. Epimetrum de Antimaclii Lyda^ 240 ; Blomfield in the Classical Journal? iv. p. 31 ; Welcker, Der Epische Cyclus, p. 102, &c. 2. Of teos, an epic poet. Plutarch (Romul. 2) states, that he was said to have known some-ing about the eclipse which occurred on the day the foundation of Rome. Clemens Alexandrinus Itrom. vi. p. 622, c.) quotes an hexameter verse mi him, which Agias is said to have imitated, this statement is correct, Antimachus would long to an early period of Greek literature. 3. Of heliopolis in Egypt, is said by Suidas have written a poem called KocrjUOTroi'/a, that is, the creation of the universe, consisting of 3780

ANTINOUS;

hexameter verses. Tzetzes (ad Lycoplir, 245) quotes three lines from Antimachus, but whether they belong to Antimachus of Heliopolis, or to either of the two other poets of the same name, cannot be ascertained. (Diintzer, Fragm, der Episch. Poes. von Alexand., &c. p. 97.) [L. S.]

ANTIMACHUS, a sculptor, celebrated for his statues of ladies. (Plin. xxxiv. 19. § 26.) [P. S.]

ANTIMENIDAS. [alcaeus.]

ANTIMOERUS ('Avriuoipos), a sophist, was a native of Mende in Thrace, and is mentioned with praise among the disciples of Protagoras. (Plat. Protag. p. 315, a.; Themist. Oral. xxix. p. 347, d.) [L. S.]

ANTINOE ('Airuxfy), a daughter of Cepheus. At the command of an oracle she led the inhabit­ ants of Mantineia from the spot where the old town stood, to a place where the new town was to be founded. She was guided on her way by a serpent. She had a monument at Mantineia com­ memorating this event. (Paus. viii* 8. § 3, 9. § 2.) In the latter of these passages she is called Antonoe. Two other mythical personages of this name occur in Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 164; Paus.viii.il. §2. [L. S.]

ANTINOUS ('AimVous-), a son of Eupeithes of Ithaca, and one of the suitors of Penelope, who during the absence of Odysseus even attempted to make himself master of the kingdom and threaten­ ed the life of Telemachus. (Horn. Od. xxii. 48, &c., iv. 630, &c., xvi, 371.) When Odysseus after his return appeared in the disguise of a beggar, Anti- nous insulted him and threw a foot-stool at him. (OcL xviii. 42, &c.) On this account he was the first of the suitors who fell by the hands of Odys­ seus, (xxii. 8, &c.) [L. S.]

ANTFNOUS ('Avrivovs), a chief among the Molossians in Epeirus, who became involved, against his own will, in the war of Perseus, king of Macedonia, against the Romans. His family and that of another chief, Cephalus, were connect­ ed with the royal house of Macedonia by friend­ ship, and although he was convinced that the war against Rome would be ruinous to Macedonia and therefore had no intention of joining Perseus, yet Charops, a young Epeirot, who had been educated at Rome and wished to insinuate himself into the favour of the Romans, calumniated Antinous and Cephalus as if they entertained a secret hostility towards Rome. Antinous and his friends at first treated the machinations of Charops with contempt, but when they perceived that some of their friends were arrested and conveyed to Rome, Antinous and Cephalus were compelled, for the sake of their own safety, openly, though unwillingly, to join the Macedonian party, and the Molossians followed their example. After the outbreak of the war Antinous fell fighting, b. c. 168. Polybius does not state clearly whether Antinous fell in battle, or whether he put an end to his own life in despair* (Polyb. xxvii. 13, xxx. 7.) [L. S.]

ANTINOUS, a youth, probably of low origin, born at Bithynium or Claudiopolis in Bithynia. On account of his extraordinary beauty he was taken by the emperor Hadrian to be his page, and soon became the object of his extravagant affection. Hadrian took him with him on all his journeys. It was in the course of one of these that he was drowned in the Nile. It is uncertain whether his death was accidental, or whether he threw himself into the river, either from disgust at the life he led,

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