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APOLLODORUS.

mythology of the Greeks, as far as the gods them­selves were concerned; the Bibliotheca, giving an account of the heroic ages, formed a kind of conti­nuation to it. (Heyne, p. 1039, &c.; Muller, p. 428, &c.) 7. Tlepl vt&v Kara\6jov or irepl ve£^ was an historical and geographical explanation of the catalogue in the second book of the Iliad. It consisted of twelve books, and is frequently cited by Strabo and other ancient writers. (Heyne, p. 1099, &c.; MUller, p. 453, &c.) 8. Ilepl SdQpovos, that is, a commentary on the Mimes of Sophron, of which the third book is quoted by Athenaeus (vii. p. 281), and the fourth by the Schol. on Aristoph. (Fesp. 483; Heyne, p. 1138; Muller, p. 461, &c.) 9. XpoviKd or XPOVIK^ gvvto^is.) was a chronicle in iambic verses, comprising the history of 1040 3rears5from the destruction of Troy (1184) clown to his own time, B. c. 143. This work, which was again, a sort of continuation of the Bibliotheca, thus completed the history from the origin of the gods and the world down to his own time. Of how many books it consisted is not quite certain. In Stephanus of Byzantium the fourth book is mentioned,but if Syncellus (Chronogr. p. 349, ed. Dindorf.) refers to this work, it must have consisted of at least eight books. The loss of this work is one of the severest that we have to lament in the historical literature of antiquity. (Heyne, p. 1072, &c.; Muller, p. 435, &c.) For further information respecting Apollodorus and his writings, see Fabricius, Bill Gr. iv. pp. 287— 299 ; C. and Th. Muller, pp. xxxviii.—xlv.

18. Of lemnos, a writer on agriculture, who lived previous to the time of Aristotle (Polit. i. 4, p. 21, ed. Gb'ttling.) He is mentioned by Varro (De Re Rust. i. 1), and by Pliny. (Elench. ad r.ibb. viii. x. xiv. xv. xvii. and xviii.)

19. Surnamed logisticus, appears to have been i mathematician, if as is usually supposed, he is :he same as the one who is called dpiO^riKos. 'Diog. Lae'rt. i. 25, viii. 12; Athen. x. p. 418.) Whether he is the same as the Apollodotus of vvhom Plutarch (Non posse vivi secimd. Epic. p. L094) quotes two lines, is not quite certain.

20. A macedonian, and secretary to king Philip V. He and another scribe of the name of Demosthenes accompanied the king to the colloquy it Nicaea, on the Maliac gulf, with T. Quinctius .•''lamininus, in b. c. 198. (Polyb. xvii. 1, 8.)

21. Of nicaea. Nothing is known about him ixcept that Stephanus Byzantius (s. v. Ni'/ccua) men-ions him among the distinguished persons of that own.

22. Of per,gamus, a Greek rhetorician, was the ,uthor of a school of rhetoric called after him 'A-n-oA-LoScopejos a'/pe<ns, which was subsequently opposed >y the school established by Theodoras of Gadara. ®<ro5cc/>eios a'/pecris.) In his advanced age Apollo-•orus taught rhetoric at Apollonia, and here young )ctavianus (Augustus) was one of his pupils and iccame his friend. (Strab. xiii. p. 625 ; Sueton. iug. 89.) Strabo ascribes to him scientific works t^xvcls] on rhetoric, but Quintilian (iii. 1. § 18, omp. § 1) on the authority of Apollodorus himself .eclares only one of the works ascribed to him as enuine, and this he calls Ars (t^xi/tj) edita ad \fatium, in which the author treated on oratory nly in so far as speaking in the courts of justice /as concerned. Apollodorus himself wrote little, nd his whole theory could be gathered only from tie works of his disciples, C. Valgius and Atticus,

APOLLODORUS.

(Comp. Quintil. ii. 11. § 2, 15. § 12, iv. 1. § 50 ; Tacit. De dar. Orat. 19 ; Seneca, Controv. i. 2, ii. 9; Sext. Empir. Adv. Math. ii. 79.) Lucian (Macrob. 23) states, that Apollodorus died at the age of eighty-two. (C. W. Piderit, de Apollodoro Pergameno et Theodora Gadarensi, RhetoribuSy Marburg, 4to.)

23. Of phaleron in Attica, a ven^ ardent and zealous friend and follower of Socrates (Xen. A pal. Socr. § 28, Mem. iii. 11. § 17), but unable with all his attachment to understand the real worth of his master. He was naturally inclined to dwell upon the dark side of things, and thus became discontented and morose, though he had not the courage to strug­gle manfully for what was good. This brought upon him the nickname of [taviKos, or the eccentric man. (Plat. Sympos. p. 173 d.) When Socrates was going to die, Apollodorus lost all controul over himself, and gave himself up to tears and loud lamentations. (Plat. Phaed. p. 117, d.) Aelian (V. H. i. 16) relates a droll anecdote, according to which Apollodorus offered to Socrates before his death a suit of fine clothes, that he might die re­spectably. Apollodorus occurs in several of Plato's dialogues, but the passage which gives the most lively picture of the man is in the Symposium^ p. 173, &c. Compare T. A. Wolf, Praefat. ad Sym­pos. p. 41.

24. Surnamed pyragrus, one of the most influ­ential citizens of the town of Agyrium in Sicily, who gave his evidence against the praetor Verres. (Cic. in Verr. iii. 31, iv. 23.)

25. Governor of susiana, was appointed to this office by Antiochus III. after the rebellion of Molo and his brother Alexander had been put down, in b. c. 220. (Polyb. v. 54; comp. alexander, brother of Molo.)

26. Of tarsus, a tragic poet, of whom Suidas and Eudocia (p. 61) mention six tragedies; but nothing further is known about him. There is an­other Apollodorus of Tarsus, who was probably a grammarian, and wrote commentaries on the early dramatic writers of Greece. (Schol. ad Eurip. Med. 148,169; Schol. ad Aristoph. Ran. 323, Pint. 535.)

27. Of telmessus, is called by Artemidorus (Oneirocr. i. 82) an dvrjp €\\6yijji.os, and seems to have written a work on dreams.

There are a few more persons of the name of Apollodorus, who are mentioned in ancient writers, but nothing is known about them beyond their name. A list of nearly all of them is given by Fabricius. (Bibl Gr. iv. p. 299, &c.) [L. S,]

APOLLODORUS, artists. 1. A painter, a na­tive of Athens, flourished about 408, b. c. With him commences a new period in the history of the art. He gave a dramatic effect to the essential forms of Polygnotus, without actually departing from them as models, by adding to them a representation of per­sons and objects as they really exist, not, however, individually, but in classes : " primus species ex-primere instituit." (Plin. xxxv. 36. § 1.) This feature in the works of Apollodorus is thus ex­plained by Fuseli (Lect. i.) : —" The acuteness of his taste led him to discover that, as all men were connected by one general form, so they were sepa­rated, each by some predominant power, which fixed character and bound them to a class : that in proportion as this specific power partook of indivi­dual peculiarities, the farther it was removed from a share in that harmonious system which constitutes nature and consists in a due balance of all its parts.

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