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safety to ports and to navigation in general. (Strab. i. p. 57; Pans. vii. 21. § 3 j Pint. Tlies. 36 ; Suid, s. v.) [L. S.]
ASPLEDON O<T7r\7j5wV), a son of Poseidon and the nymph Mideia (Chersias, ap. Pans. ix. 38. §6); according to others, he was a son of Orcho-menus and brother of Clymenus and Amphidicus (Steph. Byz. s. v. 'AoTrA.yjSwj'), or a son of Presbon and Sterope. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 272.) He was regarded as the founder of Aspledon, an ancient town of the Minyans in Boeotia. [L. S.]
ASPR-E'NAS, a surname of the Nonii, a consular family under the early emperors. (Comp. Plin. H. N. xxx. 20.) 1. C. nonius asprenas, was a performer in the Trojae lusus under Augustus, and in consequence of an injury which he sustained from a fall in the game, he received a golden chain from Augustus, and was allowed to assume the surname of Torquatus, both for himself and his posterity. (Suet. Oct. 43.)
2. L. asprenas, a legate under his maternal uncle, Varus, a. d. 10, preserved the Roman army from total destruction after the death of Varus. (Dion Cass. Ivi. 22; Veil. Pat. ii. 120.) He is probably the same as the L. Nonius Asprenas who was consul A. d. 6, and as the L. Asprenas mentioned by Tacitus, who was proconsul of Africa at the death of Augustus, A. d. 14, and who, according to some accounts, sent soldiers, at the command of Tiberius, to kill Sempromus Gracchus. (Tac. Ann. i. 53.) He is mentioned again by Tacitus, under a. d. 20. (Ann. iii. 18.)
ASSALECTUS, a Roman sculptor, whose name is found upon an extant statue of Aesculapius by him, of the merit of which Winckelmann (Gesch. d. K. viii. 4. § 5) speaks slightingly. [C. P. M.]
ASSARACUS ('Ao-crapaKos), a son of Tros and Calirrhoe, the daughter of Scamander. He was king of Troy, and husband of Hieromneme, by whom he became the father of Capys, the father of Anchises. (Horn. II. xx. 232, &c.; Apollod. iii. 12. § 2; Serv. ad Virg. Geory. iii. 35 ; Aen. viii. 130.) [L. S.]
ASSTEAS or ASTEAS, a painter, whose name is found upon a vase of his workmanship, dis covered at Paestum, and now preserved in the Royal Museum at Naples. (Winckelmann, Gesch. d. K. iii. Anm. 778.) [C. P. M.]
ASTACUS ("Ao-raKos). 1. A son of Poseidon and the nymph Olbia, from whom the town of As-tacus in Bithynia, which was afterwards called Nicomedeia, derived its name. (Arrian. ap. Steph. Byz. s. v.; Paus. v. 12. § 5 ; Strab. xii. p. 563.)
ASTERIA ('Acrrepfa), a daughter of the Titan Coeus (according to Hygin. Fab. Pref. of Polus) and Phoebe. She was the sister of Leto, and, ac cording to Hesiod (Theog. 409), the wife of Perses, by whom she became the mother of Hecate. Ci cero (de Nat. Dear. iii. 16) makes her the mother of the fourth Heracles by Zeus. But according to the genuine and more general tradition, she was an inhabitant of Olympus, and beloved by Zeus. In order to escape from his embraces, she got me tamorphosed into a quail (oprv|), threw herself into the sea, and was here metamorphosed into the island Asteria (the island which had fallen from heaven like a star), or Ortygia, afterwards called Delos. (Apollod. i. 2. § 2, 4. § 1; Athen. ix. p. 392 ; Hygin. Fab. 53; Callimach. Hymn, in Del. 37; Serv. ad Aen. iii. 73.) There are several other mythical personages of this name,—one a daughter of Alcyoneus [alcyonides] ; a second, one of the Danaids (Apollod. ii. 1. § 5); a third, a daughter of Atlas (Hygin. Fab. 250, where, perhaps, Asterope is to be read) ; and a fourth, a daughter of Hydis, who became by Bellerophontes the mother of Hy- dissus, the founder of Hydissus in Caria. (Steph. Byz. s. v. 'TSto-tros.) [L. S.]
ASTERION or ASTE'RIUS ('Ao-repiw or JA<rrepios). 1. A son of Teutamus, and king of the Cretans, who married Europa after she had been carried to Crete by Zeus. He also brought up the three sons, Minos, Sarpedon, and Rhada-manthys whom she had by the father of the gods. (Apollod. iii. 1. § 2, &c.; Diod. iv. 60.)
2. A son of Cometes, Pyremus, or Priscus, by Antigone, the daughter of Pheres. He is men tioned as one of the Argonauts. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 35 ; Paus. v. 17. § 4; Hygin. Fab. 14; Valer. Flacc. i. 355.) There are two more mythical per sonages of this name, one a river-god [acraea], and the second a son of Minos, who was slain by Theseus. (Paus. ii. 31. § 1.) [L. S.]
ASTERIUS ('Ao-reptos), a son of Anax and grandson of Ge. According to a Milesian legend, he was buried in the small island of Lade, and his body measured ten cubits in length. (Paus. i. 35. § 5, vii. 2. § 3.) There are four other my thical personages of this name, who are mentioned in the following passages : Apollod. iii. 1. § 4; Apollon. Rhod. i. 176; Apollod. i. 9. § 9 ; Hygin. Fab. 170. [L. S.]
ASTERIUS ('A<rre>os), succeeded Eulalius as bishop of Amaseia in Pontus, in the latter part of the fourth century. He had been educated in his youth by a Scythian slave. Several of his homilies are still extant, and extracts from others, which have perished, have been preserved by Photius. (Cod. 271.) He belonged to the orthodox party in the Arian controversy, and seems to have lived to a great age.
Fabricius (Bill. Graec. ix. p. 519, &c.) gives a list of 25 other persons of this name, many of whom were dignitaries of the church, and lived about the end of the fourth or the beginning of the fifth century. Among them we may notice As-terius, a Cappadocian, who embraced Christianity, but apostatized in the persecution under Diocletian and Maximian (about a. p. 304). He subse-