The Ancient Library

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On this page: Aufidius Bassus – Aufidius Chius – Aufidius Namusa – Aufidius Tucca – Augarus – Auge – Augeas – Augurinus


ventius and his disciple, P. Orbius, both of whom were sound lawyers and shrewd but unimpassioned speakers. Cicero, in whose lifetime he died at a very advanced age, mentions him rather slightingly as a good and harmless man, but no great orator. (Brutus, 48.) [J. T. G.]

T. AUFI'DIUS, a physician, who was a native of Sicily and a pupil of Asclepiades of Bithynia, and who therefore lived in the first century b. c. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Avfipdxtov.*) He is probably the same person who is quoted by Caelius Aurelianus ,by the name of Titus only, and who wrote a work On t/te Soul and another On Chronic Diseases, con­sisting of at least two books. (Acut. Morb. ii. 29, p. 144; Morb. Chron. i. 5, p. 339.) [W.A.G.]


AUFIDIUS CHIUS, a jurist, who is known only from the so-called Vaticana Fragmenta, first published by Mai in 1823 along with fragments of Symmachus and other newly-discovered remains of antiquity. In Vat. Frag. §77, an opinion of Ati-licinus is cited from Aufidius Chius; hence it is plain that this Aufidius could be neither Namusa nor Tucca, the disciples of Servius, for they lived long before Atilicinus. The Chian may possibly be identified with Titus or Titus Aufidius, who was consul under Hadrian, and is mentioned in the preamble of a senatusconsultum which is cited in Dig. 5. tit. 3. s. 20 [22]. § 6. (Bruns, Quid con-ferant Vaticana Fragmenta ad melius cognoscendum jus JRomanum, p. 16, Tubingae, 1842.) [J.T.G.]



AUGARUS. [acbarus.]

AUGE or AUGEIA (Avyr] or Afryefe), a daugh­ ter of Aleus and Neaera, was a priestess of Athena, and having become by Heracles the mother of a son, she concealed him in the temple of the god­ dess. In consequence of this profanation of the sanctuary, the country was visited by a scarcitjr; and when Aleus was informed by an oracle that the temple of Athena was profaned by something unholy, he searched and found the child in it, and ordered him to be exposed on mount Parthenion, where he was suckled by a stag (eAa^os), whence the boy derived the name of Telephus. Atige was surrendered to Nauplius, who was to kill her, but he gave her to Teuthras, king of the Mysians, who made her his wife. (Apollod. ii. 7. § 4, iii. 9. § 1.) The same story is related with some modifications by Pausanias (viii. 4. § 6, 48. § 5), Diodorus (iv. 33), Hyginus (Fab. 99), and Tzetzes (ad Lycopli. 206). Respecting her subsequent meeting with her son Telephus, see telephus. Her tomb was shewn in the time of Pausanias (viii. 4. § 6) at Pergamus in Mysia. Auge was represented by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi, (x. 28. § 4.) Another mythical personage of this name, one of the Horae, occurs in Hyginus. (Fab. 183.) [L. S.]

AUGEAS or AUGEIAS (Aitye'as or Arfyei'as), a son of Phorbas and Hermione, and king of the Epeians in Elis. According to some accounts he was a son o£ Eleios or Helios or Poseidon. (Pans. v. 1. § 7 ; Apollod. ii. 5. § 5 ; Schol. ad Apollon. i. 172.) His mother, too, is not the same in all traditions, for some call her Iphiboe or Naupidame. (Tzetz. ad Lycopli. 41; Hygin. Fab. 14.) He is mentioned among the Argonauts, but he is more celebrated in ancient story on account of his connexion with Heracles, one of whose



labours, imposed upon him by Eurystheus, was to clear in one day the stables of Augeas, who kept in them a large number of oxen. Heracles was to have the tenth part of the oxen as his re­ward, but when the hero had accomplished his task by leading the rivers Alpheus and Peneus through the stables, Augeas refused to keep his promise. Heracles, therefore, made war upon him, which terminated in his death and that of his sons, with the exception of one, Phyleus, whom Heracles placed on the throne of his father. (Apol­lod. L c. : ii. 7. § 2 ; Diod. iv. 13, 33 ; Theocrit. Idyll. 25.) Another tradition preserved in Pau­sanias (v. 3. § 4, 4. § 1) represents Augeas as dying a natural death at an advanced age, and as receiving heroic honours from Oxylus. [L. S.]

AUGEAS or AU'GIAS (Ad76'as or Aity/os), an Athenian poet of the middle comedy. Suidas (s. v.) and Eudocia (p. 69) mention the following plays of his : ''AypotKos, Ais, Kcmfpou/xej/os, and llopfyvpa. He appears likewise to have written epic poems, and to have borrowed from Antimachus of Teos. (Fabric. Bill. Graec. ii. p. 425. [C.P.M.]

AUGURINUS, the name of families in the Genucia and Minucia gentes. The word is evi­dently derived from augur.

I. Gemicii Augurini.

They must originally have been patricians, as we find consuls of this family long before the consulship was open to the plebeians. But here a difficulty arises. Livy calls (v, 13, 18) Cn. Genucius, who was consular tribune in b. c. 399 and again in 396, a plebeian, and we leaxn from the Capitoline Fasti that his surname was Augurimis. Now if Livy and the Capitoline Fasti are both right, the Genucii Augurini must have gone over to the plebeians, as the Minucii Augurini did. It is possible, however, that Augurinus in the Capitoline Fasti may be a mistake for Aventinensis, which we know was a plebeian family of the same gens. [ aventinensis.]

1. T. genucius L. f. L, n. augurinus, con­sul b. c. 451, abdicated his office and was made a member of the first decemvirate. (Liv. iii. 33 ; Dionys. x. 54, 56; Zonar. vii. 18.) He was not included in the second. In the contests in 445 respecting the admission of the plebs to the consul­ship, which ended in the institution of the consular tribunate, Augurinus recommended the patricians to make some concessions. (Dion}rs. xi. 60.)

2. M. genucius L. f. L. n. augurinus, brother of the preceding (Dionys. xi. 60), consul b c. 445, in which year the consular tribunate was instituted, and the lex Canuleia carried, establishing con-nubium between the patres and plebs. (Liv. iv. 1, &c.; Dionys. xi. 52, 58; Diod. xii. 31; Zonar. vii. 19; Varr. L. L. v. 150, ed. M tiller.)

3. cn. genucius M. f. M. n. augurinus, consular tribune b. c. 399, and again in 396, in the latter of which years he was cut off by an am­buscade in the war with the Faliscans and Cape-nates. (Liv. v. 13, 18 ; Diod. xiv. 54, 90.)

II. Minucii Augurini.

They were originally patricians, but a part of the family at least passed over to the plebeians in b. c. 439. [See below, No. 5.]

1. M. minucius augurinus, consul b. c. 497, in which year the temple of Saturn was dedicated and the Saturnalia instituted. (Liv. ii. 21; Dionys. vi. 1.) He was consul again in 492, when there was a great famine at Rome. He took an active

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