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Trigemina, for which every body subscribed an ounce of brass. (Liv. iv. 12—16; Plin. H. N. xviii. 4, xxxiv. 11; • Niebuhr, Rom. Hist. ii. p. 423, &c.) This circumstance is commemorated in the

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part in the defence of Coriolanus, who was brought to trial in this year, but was unable to obtain his acquittal. (Liv. ii. 34; Dionys. vii. 20, 27—32, 38, 60, 61.) In the victorious approach of Corio-Janus to Rome at the head of the Volscian army, Augurinus was one of the embassy sent to in­tercede with him on behalf of the city. (Dionys. viii. 22, 23.)

2. P. minucius augurinus, consul b. c. 492, was chiefly engaged in his consulship in obtaining a supply of corn from different countries, on account of the famine at Rome. (Liv. ii. 34; Dionys. •vii. 1; Oros. ii. 5.)

3. L. minucius P. f. M. n. esquilinus au­gurinus, consul b. c. 458, carried on the war against the Aequians, but through fear shut himself up in his camp on the Algidus, and allowed the enemy to surround him. He was delivered from his danger by the dictator L. Quinctius Cincin-natus, who compelled him, however, to resign his consulship. In the Fasti Capitolini we have one of the inversions which are so common in Roman history : in the Fasti, Augurinus is represented as consul suffecrus in place of one whose name is lost, instead of being himself succeeded by another. (Liv. iii. 25—29 ; Dionys. x. 22 ; Dion Cass. Frag. xxxiv. 27, p. 140, ed. Reimar; Val. Max. ii. 7. § 7, t. 2. § 2; Flor. i. 11 ; Zonar. vii. 17 ; Niebuhr, Rom. Hist. ii. n. 604.)

4. Q. minucius P. p. M. n. esquilinus Au-gurinus, brother of No. 3, consul b. c. 457, had

the conduct of the war against the Sabines, but could not do more than ravage their lands, as they shut themselves up in their walled towns. (Liv. iii. 30; Dionys. x. 26, 30.)

5. L. minucius augurinus, was appointed praefect of the corn-market (praefectus annonae) in b. c. 439, in order to regulate the price of corn and obtain a supply from abroad, as the people were suffering from grievous famine. Sp. Maelius, who distinguished himself by his liberal supplies of corn to the people, was accused by the patricians of aiming at the sovereignty; and Augurinus is said to have disclosed his treasonable designs to the senate. The ferment occasioned by the assas­sination of Maelius was appeased by Augurinus, who is said to have gone over to the plebs from the patricians, and to have been chosen by the tribunes one of their body. It is stated, indeed, that he was elected an eleventh tribune, as the number of their body was full; but this seems in­credible. That he passed over to the plebs, how­ever, is confirmed by the fact, that we find subse­quently members of his family tribunes of the plebs. Augurinus also lowered the price of corn in three market days, fixing as the maximum an as for a modius. The people, in their gratitude, pre­sented him with an ox having its horns gilt, and erected a statue to his honour outside the Porta

AUGUSTINUS.

preceding coin of the Minucia gens. The obverse represents the head of Pallas winged : the reverse a column surmounted by a statue, which is not clearly delineated in the annexed cut, with ears of corn springing up from its base. The inscription is c. minvci. c. f. avgvrini., with roma at the top. (Eckhel, v. p. 254.)

6. Ti. minucius augurinus, consul b. c. 305, the last year of the Samnite war, was said in some annals to have received a mortal wound in battle. (Liv. ix. 44 ; Diod. xx. 81.)

7. M. minucius (augurinus), tribune of the plebs, b. c. 216, introduced the bill for the creation of the triumviri mensarii. (Liv. xxiii. 21.)

8. C. minucius augurinus, tribune of the plebs, b. c. 187, proposed the imposition of a fine upon L. Scipio Asiaticus, and demanded that Scipio should give security (praedes). As Scipio, how­ever, refused to do so, Augurinus ordered him to be seized and carried to prison, but was unable to carry his command into effect in consequence of the intercession of his colleague, Tib. Sempronius Gracchus, the father of Tib. and C. Gracchi. (Cell. vii. 19.) A different account of this affair is given in Livy. (xxxviii. 55—60.)

9. Ti. minucius (augurinus) molliculus, was praetor peregrinus b. c. 180, and died of the pestilence which visited Rome in that year. (Liv. xl. 35, 37.)

AUGUPJNUS, SE'NTIUS, a poet in the time of the younger Pliny, who wrote short poems,

such a§ epigrams, idylls, &c., which he called poc-matia, and which were in the style of Catullus and Galvus. He was an intimate friend of the younger Pliny, whom he praised in his verses ; and Pliny in return represented Augurinus as one of the first of poets. One of his poems in praise of Pliny is preserved in a letter of the latter. (Plin. Ep. iv. 27, ix. 8.)

AUGUSTINUS, AURE'LIUS, ST., the most illustrious of the Latin fathers, was born on the 13th of November, a. d. 354, at Tagaste, an inland town in Numidia, identified by D'Anville with the modern Tajelt. His father, Patricius, who died about seventeen years after the birth of Augustin, was originally a heathen, but embraced Christia­nity late in life. Though poor, he belonged to the curiales of Tagaste. (August. Conf. ii. 3.) He is described by his son as a benevolent but hot-tempered man, comparatively careless of the morals of his offspring, but anxious for his im­provement in learning, as the means of future success in life. Monnica,* the mother of Augus-tin, was a Christian of a singularly devout and gentle spirit, who exerted herself to the utmost in training up her son in the practice of piety; but his disposition, complexionally ardent and headstrong, seemed to bid defiance to her ef­forts. He has given, in his Confessions, a vivid picture of his boyish follies and vices,—his love of play, his hatred of learning, his disobedience to his parents, and his acts of deceit and theft. It would indeed be absurd to infer from this recital that he was a prodigy of youthful wickedness, such faults being unhappily too common at that early age. None, however, but a very shallow moralist will treat these singular disclosures with ridicule, or

* For the orthography of this name, see Btihr, GescMchte der Romischen Literatur, Supplement, vol. ii. p. 225. and note p. 228.

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