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Bigne's BibliotJieca Patrum, 1575, vol. i. 1589, vol. iii. 1654, vol. iii.; in the Cologne edition, 1618, vol. v.; and in the Lyon's edition, 1677, vol. vi. The treatise " de Fide" was first published in the second volume of Muratori's Anecdote^ Milan, 1697, where the text is given from a manuscript of great antiquity, and is accompanied by valuable, prolegomena and notes. In 1748, both works were ably edited at Rome by Franciscus Florins, who, besides other illustrative matter, adds two learned dissertations, the first " de Haeresi Priscilliana," the second " de Scriptis et Dectrina BachiarnV This edition is reprinted in the ninth volume of Gallandi's BiUiotlieca Patrum. The works of Bachiarius are also included in the fifteenth volume of Le Espana Sayrada of Henry Florez, a voluminous collection in thirty-four volumes quarto, Madrid, 1747-84.
From the scanty remains of this author it is liardly possible to form a very exact judgment of his character, learning, and abilities. So far as may be collected from the above-named treatises, he appears to have possessed an understanding somewhat above mediocrity, and well exercised in the current theological erudition of the Latin church during the fifth century. His spirit and temper seem to have been singularly amiable. [J. M. M.]
L. BACILLUS, praetor b. c. 45, to whom Caesar would not assign a province, but gave a sum of money instead. Bacillus felt the indignity so much, that he put an end to his life by voluntary starvation. (Dion Cass. xliii. 47.) It is conjectured that Babullius, whose death Cicero mentions in this-year (ad Att. xiii. 48), may be the same as the above.
BACIS (Ba/as), seems to have been originally only a common noun derived from /Safety, to speak, and to have signified any prophet or speaker. In later times, however, Bacis was regarded as a proper noun, and the ancients distinguish several seers of this name.
1. The Boeotian, the most celebrated of them, was believed to have lived and given his oracles at Heleon in Boeotia, being inspired by the nymphs of the Corycian cave. His oracles were held in high esteem, and, from the specimens we still possess in Herodotus and Pausanias, we see that, like the Delphic oracles, they were composed in hexameter verse. (Pans. iv. 27. § 2, ix. 17. § 4, x. 12. § 6, 14. § 3, 32. § 6; Herod, viii. 20, 77, ix. 43 ; Aristoph. Pax^ 1009 with the Schol., Equit.l^ Av. 907.) From these passages it seems evident, that in Boeotia Bacis was regarded as an ancient prophet, of whose oracles there existed a collection made either by himself or by others, similar to the Sibylline books at Rome ; and, in fact, Cicero (de Divin. i. 18), Aelian (V. H. xii. 25), Tzetzes (ad Lycoph. 1278), and other writers, mention this Bacis always as a being of the same class with the Sibyls.
2. The Arcadian, is mentioned by Clemens of Alexandria as the only one besides the Boeotian. (Strain, i. p. 333.) According to Suidas, he belonged to the town of Caphya, and was also called Cydas and Aletes. (Comp. Tzetzes, ad Lycopli. I.e.}
BACIS or PACIS, is only another name for the Egyptian Onuphis, the sacred bull, who was
worshipped at Hermonthis in Upper Egypt, just as Apis was at Memphis. In size Bacis was re quired to excel all other bulls, his hair to be bristly, and his colour to change every day. (Macrob. Sat. i. 21; Aelian, Hist. An. xii. 11.) [L. S.]
BADIUS, a Campanian, challenged his liospcs^ T. Quinctius Crispinus, to single combat when the Romans were besieging Capua, b. c. 212. Crispinus at first refused, on account of the friendship subsisting between him and Badius, but was at length induced by his fellow-soldiers to accept the challenge. In the combat which ensued, he wounded Badius, who fled to his own party. (Liv. xxv. 18; Val. Max. v. 1. § 3.)
BADRES (Bdtifrqs), or BARES (Bdpys), a Persian, of the tribe of the Pasargadae, was ap pointed to the command of the naval portion of the force which Aryandes, governor of Egypt, sent against the Barcaeans on the pretext of avenging the murder of Arcesilaus III. [battiadae.] After the capture of Barca (about 512 b. c.), the Persians were allowed to pass through Gyrene, and Badres was anxious to take the city; but through the refusal of Amasis, who commanded the land force, the opportunity was lost. (Herod, iv. 167, 203.) This is perhaps the same Badres whom Herodotus mentions as commanding a portion of the Persian army in the expedition of Xerxes against Greece. (Herod, vii. 77.) [E. E.]
BAEBIA GENS, plebeian, of which the cognomens are dives., herennius (? see Liv. xxii. 34), sulca, tamphilus : the last is the only surname which appears on coins, where it is written Tampilus. (Eckhel, v. p. 149.) The first member of the gens who obtained the consulship was Cn. Baebius Tamphilus, in b. c. 182. For those whose cognomen is not mentioned, see baebius.
BAEBIUS. 1. L. baebius, one of the ambassadors sent by Scipio to Carthage, b. c. 202. He was afterwards left by Scipio in command of the camp. (Liv. xxx. 25 ; Polyb. xv. 1, 4.)
2. Q. baebius, tribune of the plebs, b. c. 200, endeavoured to persuade the people not to engage in the war against Philip of Macedon. (Liv. xxxi. 6.)
3. M. baebius, one of the three commissioners sent into Macedonia, b. c. 186, to investigate the charges brought by the Maronitae and others against Philip of Macedon. (Polyb. xxxiii. 6.)
4. L. baebius, one of the three commissioners sent into Macedonia, b. c. 168, to inspect the state of affairs there, before Aemilius Paullus invaded the country. (Liv. xliv. 18.)
5. A. baebius, caused the members of the Aetolian senate to be killed in B. c. 167, and was in consequence afterwards condemned at Rome. Livy calls him praeses, a term which is applied in. later times by the jurists to a governor of a province. Whether, however, Baebius had the government of Aetolia, or only of the town in which the murder was perpetrated, is uncertain. (Liv. xlv. 28, 31.)
6. C. baebius, tribune of the plebs, B. c. Ill, was bribed by Jugurtha when the latter came to Rome. When Mummius commanded Jugurtha to give answers, to certain questions, Baebius bade him be silent, and thus quashed the investigation. (Sail. Jug. 33, 34.)