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EOFTHUS (Bo??0os), surnamed sidonius, was born at Sidon in Phoenicia. As he is called a dis ciple of the Peripatetic Andronicus of Rhodes (Ammon. Herm. Comment, in Aristot. Categ. p. 8, ed. Aid. 1546), he must have travelled at an early age to Rome and Athens, in which cities Andro nicus is known to have taught. Strabo (xvi. p. 757), who mentions him and his brother Diodotus among the celebrated persons of Sidon, speaks of him at the same time as his own teacher in the Peripatetic philosophy. Among his works, all of which are now lost, there was one on the nature of the soul, and also a commentary on Aristotle's Categories, which is mentioned by Ammonius in his commentary on the same work of Aristotle. Ammonius quotes also an opinion of Boethus con cerning the study of the works of Aristotle, viz. that the student should begin with the Physics («7ro ttjs (j>vffiKT]s), whereas Andronicus had main tained, that the beginning should be made diro T7)S \oywrjs, tfris irepi rrfv a7ro$6t£it> yiverai. (Fabric. Bibl. Grace iii. p. 480 ; Schneidor, Epi- metrum I IT. ad Aristot. Hist. A mm. p. xcv.; Buhle, Aristot. Opera^ i. p. 297; Stahr, Aristotelia, ii. p. 129, &c.) [A. S.]
BOETHUS (Bo7j0<k), the author of an epigram in the Greek Anthology in praise of Pylades, a pantomime in the time of Augustus, was a native of Tarsus. Strabo (xiv. p. 674) describes him as a bad citizen and a bad poet, who gained the favour of Antony by some verses on the battle of Philippi, and was set by him over the gymnasium and public games in Tarsus. In this office he was guilty of peculation, but escaped punishment by nattering Antony. He was afterwards expelled from Tarsus by Athenodorus, with the approbation of Augustus. [P. S.]
BOETHUS (Bo??0os), a sculptor and embosser or chaser of Carthage (Paus. v. 17. § 1) of uncer tain age. Pliny (H.N. xxxiii. 12. s. 55) praises his excellence in embossing and (xxxiv. 8. s. 19) in sculpture. Miiller (Handb. d. Arch. § 159. 1) suspects, and not without good reason, that the read ing KapxrjSovios is corrupted out of Ka\x^ovios- The artist would then not be an inhabitant or even a native of the barbarian Carthage, but of the Greek town of Chalcedon in Asia Minor. [AcRA- gas.] [W. I.]
BOGES (607775), the Persian governor of Eion in Thrace, when Xerxes invaded Greece in b. c. 480. Boges continued to hold the place till b. c. 476, when it was besieged by the Athenians under Cimon. Boges, finding that he was unable to defend the town, and refusing to surrender it, killed his wife, children, and family, and set fire to the place, in which he himself perished. (Herod, vii. 113, 107 ; Plut. dm. 7, who calls him bo^ttjs ; Paus. viii. 8. § 5, who calls him botj's; Polyaen. vii. 24, who calls him B6pyns ; comp. Diod. xi. 60.)
BOGUD (Boyovas) was king of Mauretania Tingitana, in which title he was confirmed by Julius Caesar, b. c. 49, as a reward for his adherence to him in opposition to the party of Pom-pey. (Dion Cass. xli. 42; comp. Cic. ad Fam. x. 32 ; Sueton. Jul. 52.) Accordingly, while Caesar was engaged with his rival in Greece, b. c* 48, we
find Bogud zealously lending his aid to Cassius Longinus, Caesar's pro-praetor in further Spain, to quell the sedition in that province. (Hirt. Bell. Aleoc. 62.) Again, during Caesar's campaign in Africa, b. c. 4 6, Mauretania was invaded unsuccess fully by the young Cn. Pompey; and when Juba, the Numidian, was hastening to join his forces to those of Q. Metellus Scipio, Bogud attacked his dominions at the instigation of the Roman exile P. Sitius, and obliged him to return for their de fence. (Hirt. Bell. Afric. 23, 25, comp. c. 95 ; Dion Cass. xliii. 3.) In Caesar's war in Spain against Pompey's sons, b. c. 45, Bogud joined the former in person ; and it was indeed by his attack on the camp of Cn. Pompey at the battle of Munda that Labienus was drawn from his post in the field to cover it, and the scale was thus turned in Cae sar's favour. (Dion Cass. xliii. 38.) After the murder of Caesar, Bogud espoused the side of Antony, and it was perhaps for the furtherance of these interests that he crossed over to Spain in B. c. 38, and so lost his kingdom through a revolt of his subjects, fomented in his absence by Bocchus. This prince's usurpation was confirmed by Octa- vius, and seems to have been accompanied with the gift of a freer constitution to the Tingitanians. (Dion Cass. xlviii. 45.) Upon this, Bogud betook himself into Greece to Antony, for whom we after wards find him holding the town of Methone, at the capture of which by Agrippa he lost his life about the end of b. c, 32 or the beginning of 31. (Dion Cass. 1. 11.) [E. E.]
B.OIOCALUS, the leader of the Ansibarii, a German people, was a man of great renown, and had long been faithful to the Romans, but made war against them in A. d. 59. (Tac. Ann. xiii.
BOIORIX, a chieftain of the the Boii, who in b. c. 194, together with his two brothers, excited his countrymen to revolt from the Romans, and fought an indecisive battle with Tib. Sempronius, the consul, who had advanced into his territory. The Boii continued to give the Romans trouble for several successive years, till their reduction by Scipio in b. c. 191 ; but of Boiorix himself we find no further mention in Livy. (Liv. xxxiv. 46, 47,
56. xxxv. 4, 5, 40, xxxvi. 38, 39.) [E. E.J
BOLANUS, a friend of Cicero's, recommended by him to P. Sulpicius in B. c. 54. (Cic. ad Fam.
Bolanus also occurs in Horace (Sat. i. 9. 11) as the name of a well-known furious fellow, who would not submit to any insult or impertinence.
BOLANUS, VE'TTIUS, commanded a legion under Corbulo in the war against Tigranes in Armenia, a. d. 63, and was appointed governor of Britain in 69, in the place of Trebellius Maximus. In the civil war between Vespasian and Vitellius, Bolanus did not declare in favour of either; and, during his government of the province, he attempted nothing against the Britons, and allowed his troops great licence. But, as his administration was marked by integrity, he was popular in the province. The praises which Statiua bestows upon Bolanus in the poem (Silv. v. 2. 34, &c.), addressed to his son Crispinus, must be set down to flattery. (Tac. Ann. xv. 3, Hist. ii. 65, 97, Agric. 3, 16.)
BOLIS. [achaecjs, p. 8, a.]