The Ancient Library

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On this page: Caecili Us – Caecilius Bion – Caecilius Calactinus – Caecilius Eutychides – Caecilius Natalis



s. 30. § 6), the praenomen Sextus has been sup­posed to be distinctive of the elder Pomponius. But that Sextus, alone, did not designate any one named Pomponius is clear from the phrase •" tarn Sextus quam Pomponius " in Dig. 30. tit. un. s. 32, pr., and from the similar phrase " Sextum quoque et Pomponium" occurring in Vat. Frag. § 88, though Bethmann-Hollweg, the last editor (in the Bonn Corp. Jur. Rom. Antejust. i. p. 255), has thought proper to omit the et. From Dig. 42. tit. 4. s. 7. § 19, Vat. Frag. $ 88, and Gaius, ii. 218, we infer, that Sextus was contemporary with Ju-ventius Celsus, the son, and that some of his works were digested by Julianus. If, then, Sextus be identified with Sextus Caecilius and Africanus, Africanus must have lived rather earlier than is usually supposed, and can scarcely have been a pupil of Julianus. That, however, a pupil should have been annotated by his preceptor is not with­out example, if we understand in its ordinary sense the expression " Servius apud Alfenum notat," in Dig. 17. tit. 2. s. 35. § 8. (See contra. Otto, in Thes. Jur. Rom. v. 1614-5.)

A jurist named Publius Caecilius is spoken of by Rutilius (Vitae JCtorum, c. 45) as one of the disciples of Servius Sulpicius ; but the name Pub­lius Caecilius is a mere conjectural emendation for Publicius Gellius, who figures in the text of Pom­ponius, Dig. 1. tit. 2. 1. un, § 44. The conjecture was invited by the unusual blending of two family names in Publicius Gellius. (Menagius, Amoen.

Jur. cc. 22, 23; Heineccius, de Sexto Pompomo, Opera, ed. Genev. iii. 77.) [J. T. G.]

CAECILI US (kcuki'ajos) of Argos, is mentioned by Athenaeus (i. p. 13) among the writers on the art of fishing; but nothing further is known about him. [L. S.]


CAECILIUS CALACTINUS (Koucfcuos Ka-AaKTtVos), or, as he was formerly, though erro­neously, surnamed CALANTIANUS, a Greek rhetorician, who lived at Rome in the time of Au­gustus. He was a native of Cale Acte in Sicily (whence his name Calactinus). His parents are said bv Suidas to have been slaves of the Jewish


religion ; and Caecilius himself, before he had ob­tained the Roman franchise, is said to have borne the name Archagathus. He is mentioned by Quintilian (iii. 1. § 16, comp. iii. 6. § 47, v. 10. § 7, ix. 1. § 12, 3. §§ 38, 46, 89, 91, 97) along with Dionysius of Halicarnassus as a distinguished Greek rhetorician and grammarian.. Respecting the sphere of his activity at Rome, and his success as a teacher of rhetoric, nothing is known; but, from the title of one of his works, we see that he studied Roman oratory along with that of the Greeks. He wrote a great number of works on rhetoric, grammar, and also on historical subjects. All these works are now lost; but they were in high repute with the rhetoricians and critics of the imperial period. (Plut. Dem. 3, Vit. X Orat. pp. 832, 833, 836, 838, 840 ; Phot. BiU. pp. 20, 485, 486, 489, ed. Bekker.) Some of his works were of a theoretical character, others were commentaries on the Greek orators, and others again were of a grammatical or historical kind. The following list is made up from that given by Suidas, and from some passages of other writers : 1. ITepl pTjToptKTjs. (Suid.; Quintil. I. c,} 2. Hep* tr^/m-rco*/. (Alex. de Figur. ii. 2 ; Tiber, de Figur. passim.) 3. Tlepl twv Se'/ca f>rir6pwvt 4, Hep} Aucn'ou


. • (Longin. de SuUim. 32.) 5.

^vray^a. (Plut. Vit. X Orat. p. 832, e.) 6. ^.vyKpuns A-^oo-flej/ous Kal Aio-%iVot>. 7. ^vyKpiffts A.rifJioffQkvovs Kal KiKepcZvos. (Plut. Dem. 3.) 8. Tiepl ta-ropias. (Athen. xi. p. 466.) 9. T/vi 5ia(|)epei o 'ArrtKros ^Aos tov 5A<naj/ou. ] 0. IXepi Ay/jLOffdevovs, irotoi avrov yvr\ffioi \6yoi Kal TroToi voQoi. 11. Ilept tow/ KaO' icrropiav ^ Trap1 torropiav elpyfjiei'tov rots p^ropai. 12. Ilepl SofAfKorc/ TToXd/jiwv. (Athen. vi. p. 272.) 13. Kara 3>pvy<3v Suo. 14. sE«:Ao7?7 Ae£ec*>j> Kara ffroi^lov^ This work has been much used by Suidas. (See his preface.) 15. Ilept vtyovs, was the first work with this title in antiquity. (Longin. 1 ; compare Westermann, Gescli. der Griech. Beredtsamk. § 88, notes 16, &c., § 47, note 6, § 57, note 4.) [L.S.] CAECI'LIUS CORNUTUS. [cornutus.] CAECI'LIUS CYPRIA'NUS. [cyprianus.] Q. CAECFLIUS EPIRO'TA, a grammarian, born at Tusculum, was a freedman of T. Pomponius Atticus, and taught the daughter of his patron, who was afterwards married to M.Agrippa. But, suspected by Atticus of entertaining designs upon his daughter, he was dismissed. He then lived on the most intimate terms with Cornelius Gallus; and, after the death of the latter, he opened a school at Rome for young men, and is said to have been the first to dispute in Latin extempore, and to give lectures upon Virgil and other modern poets. (Suet. III. Gram. 16.)



CAECILIUS NATALIS. [natalis.] CAE'CILIUS RUFI'NUS. [RuriNus.] CAE'CILIUS SIMPLEX. [simplex.] CAECI'LIUS STA'TIUS, a Roman comic poet, the immediate predecessor of Terence, was, according to the accounts preserved by Aulus Gel­lius (iv. 20) and Hieronymus (in Euseb. Chron. Olymp. cl. 2), by birth an Insubrian Gaul, and a native of Milan. Being a slave he bore the servile appellation of Staiius, which was afterwards, pro­bably when he received his freedom, converted into a sort of cognomen, and he became known as Caecilius Statius. His death happened b. c. 168, one year after that of Ennius and two years before the representation of the Andria, which had been previously submitted to his inspection and had ex­cited his warm admiration. (Sueton. Vit. Terent.} The names of at least forty dramas by Caecilius have been preserved, together with a considerable number of fragments, but all of them are extremely brief, the two longest extending one (ap. Aul. Gell. ii. 23) to seventeen lines, and the other (Cic. de N. D. xxix.) to twelve only. Hence we must rest satisfied with collecting and recording the opinions of those who had the means of forming an estimate of his powers, without attempting to judge independently. The Romans themselves, then, seem to agree in placing Caecilius in the first rank of his own department, classing him for the most part with Plautus and Terence. " Caecilius excels in the arrangement of his plots, Terentius in the development of character, Plautus in dialogue ;" and again, " None rival Titinnius and Terentius in depicting character, but Trabea and Atilius and Caecilius at once command our feelings," are the observations of Varro (ap. Non. s. v. Poscere ; Charis. lib. ii. sub fin.).—" We may pronounce Ennius chief among epic poets, Pacuvius among tragic poets, perhaps Caecilius among comic poets,"

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