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against the Morini and other tribes, and drove the Suevi across the Rhine back into Germany. For those exploits he was honoured with a triumph in 29. (Appian, B. C. iv. 83, v. 26, 112; Dion Cass. xlvii. 15, li. 21, 22.)
3. carrinas, whom Cicero speaks of in b. c. 45, as an unpleasant person, who visited him in his Tusculanum. (Cic. ad Att. xiii. 33.)
4. carrinas secundus, a rhetorician of the time of Caligula, by whom he was expelled from Rome for having, by way of exercise, declaimed against tyrants on one occasion. (Dion Cass. lix. 20 ; Juven. vii. 204.) He is probably the same as the Secundus Carinas whom Nero, in b. c. 65, sent to Asia and Achaia to plunder those coun tries, and carry the statues of the gods from thence to Rome. (Tacit. Ann. xv. 45.) [L. S.]
CARSIGNATUS (Kap<rlyvaros\ a Galatian prince, who was at one time allied with Pharnaces. When the latter threatened to invade Galatia, and Carsignatus had in vain endeavoured to maintain peace, he and another Galatian, Gaezotoris, marched against him, but the war was prevented by a Ro man embassy. (Polyb. xxv. 4.) [L. S.]
L. CARTEIUS, a friend of C. Cassius, who was with him in Syria in b. c. 43. (Cass. ap. Cic. ad Fam. xii. 11.)
CARTHALO (Kaped\w). 1. A commander of the Carthaginian fleet in the first Punic war, who was sent by his colleague Adherbal, in B. c.
24.9, to burn the Roman fleet, which was riding
at anchor off Lilybaeum. While Carthalo was engaged in this enterprise, Himilco, the governor of Lilybaeum, who perceived that the Roman army on land was anxious to afford their support to the fleet, sent out his mercenaries against the Roman troops, and Carthalo endeavoured to draw the Roman fleet into an engagement. The latter, however, withdrew to a town on the coast and prepared themselves for defence. Carthalo was repulsed with some loss, and after having taken a few transports, he retreated to the nearest river, and Avatched the Romans as they sailed away from the coast. When the consul L. Junius Pul-lus, on his return from Syracuse, had doubled Pachynum, he ordered his fleet to sail towards Lilybaeum, not knowing what had happened to those whom he had sent before him. Carthalo informed of his approach, immediately sailed out against him, in order to meet him before he could join the other part of the fleet. Pullus fled for refuge to a rocky and dangerous part of the sea, where Carthalo did not venture to attack him ; but he took his station at a place between the two Roman fleets to watch them and prevent their joining. Soon after a fearful storm arose which destroyed the whole of the Roman fleet, while the Carthaginians, who were better sailors, had sought a safe place of refuge before the storm broke out. (Polyb. i. 53, 54.)
2. The Carthaginian commander of the cavalry in the army of Hannibal. In b. c. 217, he fought against L. Hostilius Mancinus, in the neighbourhood of Casilinum, and put him to flight. The Romans, under Mancinus, who were merely a re-connoitering band which had been sent out by the dictator, Q. Fabius, at last resolved to make a stand against the enemy, but nearly all of them were cut to pieces. This Carthalo is probably the noble Carthaginian of the same name, whom
Hannibal, after the battle of Cannae, in B. c. 2I(?? sent to Rome with ten of the Roman prisoners to negotiate the ransom of the prisoners, and to treat about peace. But when Carthalo approached Rome, a lictor was sent out to bid him quit the Roman territory before sunset. In b. c. 208, when Tarentum was re-conquered by the Romans, Carthalo was commander of the Carthaginian garrison there. He laid down his arms, and as he was going to the consul to sue for mercy, he was killed by a Roman soldier. (Liv. xxii. 15, 58, xxvii. 16; Appian, de Bell. Annib. 49; Dion Cass. Fragm. 152, ed. Reimar.)
3. One of the two leaders of the popular party at Carthage after the close of the second Punic war. He held an office which Appian calls boe-tharchus, and which seems to have been a sort of tribuneship ; and while in his official capacity he was travelling through the country, he attacked some of the subjects of Masinissa, who had pitched their tents on controverted ground. He killed several of them, made some booty, and excited the Africans against the Numidians. These and other acts of hostility between the Carthaginians and Masinissa called for the interference of the Romans, who however rather fostered the hostile feeling, than allayed it. The result was an open war between the Carthaginians and Masinissa. When at length the Romans began to make preparations for the third Punic war, the Carthaginians endeavoured to conciliate the Romans by condemning to deatli the authors of the war with Alasinissa ; and Carthalo was accordingly executed. (Appian, de Bell. Pvn. 63, 74.) [L. S.]
CARTILIUS, an early Roman jurist, who probably lived not later than the time of Caligula, as in Dig. 28, tit. 5, s. 69, he is cited by Proculus, who adopts his opinion in the case in question in preference to that of Trebatius. The case was this—Let A. or B, whichever wishes, be my heir. They both wish. Cartilius says, Both take : Trebatius, Neither. In Dig. 13, tit. 6, s. 5, § 13, he is cited by Ulpian. It was Ant. Augustinus who (Emend. 3, 9) first brought these passages into notice, and rescued the name of Cartilius from oblivion. In the former passage the Haloandrine editions of the Digest have Carfilius, and, in the latter, an early corrector of the Florentine manuscript, not being familiar with the name Cartilius, enclosed it in brackets as a mark of condemnation.
The jurist Cartilius is evidently different from the Catilius, not Cartilius Severas, who was prae- positus Syriae, praefectus urbi, and great-grand father of the emperor M. Antoninus. (Plin. Ep, i. 22; iii. 12 ; Spart. Hadr. 5, 15, 22 ; Capitol. Anton. Pius 2 ; M, Ant. 1 ; Dion Cass. ix. 21.) The name of this Catilius appears in the Fasti, a. d. 121, as consul for the.second time, three years after the death of Trajan. His first consulate does not appear in the Fasti, and therefore it may be in ferred that he was consul sujfectus. If the rescript of Trajan, cited Dig. 29, tit. 1, s. 24, were ad dressed, according to the Haloandrine reading, to Catilius Severus, it is probably referable to the time of the proconsulate succeeding his first consul ship. (Bertrandus, 2, 22, 1. Maiansius, ii. p. 273_287.) FJ. T. G.l
CARTIMANDUA, or CARTISMANDUA, queen of the Brigantes in Britain, about a. d. 50, in which year she treacherously delivered up to the Romans Caractacus, who had come to seek her