The Ancient Library

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On this page: Chomatianus – Chondomarius – Choniates – Choricius – Chosroes – Chrestus – Christodorus – Christophorus – Chromatius – Mss




MSS. of which are scattered in the principal libra­ ries of this country (Bodleian) and the continent, treat on various grammatical matters; his treatise on the Greek accent, the MS. of which is in the Vatican library, seems to deserve particular atten­ tion. Several treatises on theological matters, which are extant in MS. are likewise attributed to him. But as Choeroboscus is generally quoted by the earlier writers as Georgius Grammaticus, or Georgius Diaconus—he was a priest—he might sometimes have been confounded with some other grammarian or theologian of that name. (Fabric. BibL Graec. vi. pp, 338—341 ; Leo Allatius, De Georgiis, pp. 318—321.) [W. P.]

CHOMATIANUS, DEMETRIUS, a Graeco- Roman jurist and canonist, who probably lived in the early part of the 13th century. He was chartophylax and afterwards archbishop of Bul­ garia, and wrote Quaestiones relating to ecclesias­ tical law, now in manuscript at Munich. (Heim- bach, de Basil.. Orig. p. 86.) This work is cited by Cujas. (Observ. v. c. 4.) Freherus, in the Chronologia in the first volume of the Jus Graeco- Romanum of Leunclavius, under the year 913, enumerates him among the commentators upon the Basilica, but that he was so is denied by Booking. (Institutionem^ i. p. 108, n. 48.) It should be added, that Booking (I. c.), apparently with good reason, in like manner refuses the character of scholiast on the Basilica to Bestes and Joannes Briennius [bribnnius], though they are named as scholiasts in almost every modern work on Graeco-Roman law. [J. T. G.]

CHONDOMARIUS. [chnodomarius.]

CHONIATES. [nicetas.]

CHORICIUS (Xopi/cios), a rhetorician and so­phist of Gaza, the pupil of Procopius of Gaza, and afterwards of another sophist of the same place, flourished in the reign of Justinian, about a. d. 520. His orations formed, in the time of Photius, a collection under the title of /^eAercu Kal avvrd^eis Xoywv $id<popoi. They were on very various sub­jects, but chiefly panegyrical. Photius makes par­ticular mention of a funeral oration for the rheto­rician's teacher. (Cod. 160 ; Fabric. BibL Graec. ix. p. 760, x. p. 719, ed. Harles.) Twenty-one of Cho-ricius's orations exist in MS., of which two have been printed by Fabricius with a Latin version by J. C. Wolf (BibL Graec. viii. p. 841, old ed.) and a third by Villoison. (Anec. ii. pp. 21, 52.) [P.S.]

CHOSROES, king of Parthia. [arsaces xxv.]

CHOSROES, king of Persia. [sassanidae.]

CHRESTUS (Xp^o-Tos), of Byzantium, a dis­tinguished scholar of Herodes Atticus, lived in the second century of the Christian aera, and taught rhetoric at Athens, where he had sometimes as many as a hundred auditors. Among the distin­guished men who were his pupils, Philostratus enumerates Hippodromus, Philiscus, Nicomedes, Aristaenetus, and Callaeschrus. Chrestus was given to wine. (Philostr. Vit. Soph. ii. 11.)

CHRISTODORUS (XpTro'Scopos), a Greek poet of Coptus in Egypt, was the son of Paniscus, and flourished in the reign of Anastasius I., A. d. 491—518. He is classed by Suidas as an epic poet (eTroTTGfos). 1. There is still extant a poem of 416 hexameter verses, in which he describes the statues in the public gymnasium of Zeuxippus. This gymnasium was built by Septimius Severus at Byzantium, and was burnt down a. d. 532. The poem of Christodorus is entitled "

rwv dyaXfjLdrwv rwv els to o^/uocnoy yv/Avdcnov r& e-rriKaXov/jLevov rov Zev^iirirou. It is printed in the Antiq. Constantinop. of Anselmus Banduri, Par. 1711, Venet. 1729, and in the Greek Antho­ logy. (Brunck, Anal, ii. p. 456 ; Jacobs, iii. p. 161.) He also wrote — 2. 'lomipitca, a poem, in six books, on the taking of Isauria by Anastasius. 3. Three books of Epigrams, of which two epigrams remain. (Anthol. Graec. I. c.) 4. Four books of Letters. 5. Harpm, epic poems on the history and antiquities of various places, among which were Constantinople, Thessalonica, Nacle near Heliopolis, Miletus, Tral- les, Aphrodisias, and perhaps others. Suidas and Eudocia mention another person of the same name a native of Thebes, who wrote 5I£eim/cd 8i5 eVajz/ and ©av/jLara rwv dyiow dvayvptav (where Kuster proposes to read juaprupcyy) Ko<r/j.a Kal Aawicwoi/. (Suidas, s. v. XpicrroScopos and Zev^nnros ; Eudocia, p. 436 ; Fabricius, BibL Graec. iv. p. 468 ; Jacobs, AntJi. Graec. xiii. p. 871.) [P. S.]

CHRISTOPHORUS (XpurTo<p6pos\ patriarch of alexandria, about A. d. 836, wrote an ex­ hortation to asceticism under the title ri o^oiovrat 6 /3fos ofiros Kal els iroiov TeAos Karaarpecpei. There are citations from this work in Allatius, ad Eustath. Antioch. p. 254, and Cotelerius, Monum. MSta. in BibL Caesar. There are MSS. of the work at Vienna, Paris, Rome, Milan, and Oxford. It was printed in Greek and Latin, with notes, by F. Morellus, Par. 1608, who mistook it for the work of Theophilus of Alexandria : 5AAe£c«/5peias \6yos, tivi ouoiovrai (Fabricius, BibL Graec. vii. p. 109.) There is also a synodic epistle to the emperor Theophilus Iconomachus, by Christophorus of Alexandria, Job of Antioch, and Basil of Jerusalem, and 1455 other bishops and clergy, on images, entitled 'etticttoa^ irpos tov BacnAea ®z6<pL\ov irepl twv dyiwv Kal (rtiTTtov eifcovcoi/, which is mentioned by Constan- tinus Porphyrogenitus in his Narratio de Imag. Edess. p. 90, and by the author of a MS. Narratio de Imag. B. Virg. ap. Lambec. viii. p. 334. The work exists in MS. in the Codex Baroccianus, 148. It was published, in Greek and Latin, first by Combefisius in his Manipul. Rerum. Constant. Par. 1664, 4 to., pp. 110 — 145, and afterwards by Michael le Quien in his edition of Damascenus, Par. 1712, i. p. 629. (Nessel, Catal. BibL Vin- dobon, pt. v. p. 129; Cave, Hist. Litt. sub anno ; Fabricius, Bill. Graec. yiii. p. 84, ix. p. 717, xi. p. 594.) [P. S.]

CHRISTOPHORUS the caesar, son of Con- stantine V. Copronymus. There is an edict against image-worship issued by him and his brother Nicephorus, a. d. 775, in the Imperial. Decret. de Cult. Imag. of Goldastus, Franc. 1608, 4to., No. 8, p. 75. (Fabric. BibL Graec. xii. p. 740.) For what is known of the life of Christo­ phorus, see nicephorus. [P. S.]

CHRISTOPHORUS, PATRI'CIUS, a native of Mytilene, whose time is unknown, wrote in Iambic verse a Menologium, or history of the saints, arranged according to the saints' days in each month. The MS. was formerly in the Pala­ tine Library, but is now in the Vatican, Cod. 383, No, 7. There are also MSS. of the whole or part of the work at Venice, Moscow, and Paris. It is cited more than once in the Glossariuin of Meursius. (Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. ii. Diss. pp. 5, 6; Fabric. BibL Graec. xi. p. 594.) [P. S.]

CHROMATIUS, a Latin writer and bishop tf

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