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On this page: Cidaria – Cilix – Cilla – Cillas – Cilnii – Cilo



the Volsci, and on this account entered the city with the honour of an ovation. (Liv. iii. 8, 10 ; Dionys. ix. 69 ; Diod. xi. 81.)

4. C. veturius P. p. geminus cicurinus, consul b.c. 455 with T. Romilius Rocus Vaticanus, inarched with his colleague against the Aequi. They defeated the enemy, and gained immense "booty, which however they did not distribute among the soldiers, but sold on account of the poverty of the treasury. They were in consequence both brought to trial in the next vear : Veturius

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was accused by L. Alienus, the plebeian aedile, and sentenced to pay a fine of 10,000 asses. As some compensation for his ill-treatment by the plebeians he was elected augur in 453. (Liv. iii. 31, 32 ; Dionys. x. 33; Diod. xii. 5.)

5. sp. veturius sp. r. P. n. crassus cicu­rinus, one of the first decemvirate, b. c. 451 (Fast. Capitol.), called L. Veturius by Livy (iii. 33) and T. Veturius by Dion3rsius (x. 56).

6. sp. veturius crassur cicurinus, consular tribune in b. c. 417. Livy {iii. 4-7) calls him Sp. Rutilius Crassus ; but this no doubt is a false read­ing, for Diodorus (xiii. 7) has Sp> Veturius, and the Rutilia gens was moreover plebeian, and had not the cognomen of Crassus.

7. M.veturius Ti. f. sp. n. crassus cicurinus, consular tribune b. c. 399,—the only patrician elected this year; his five colleagues were all ple­beians. (Liv. v. 13 ; Diod. xiv. 54.)

8. C. veturius crassus cicurinus, consular tribune b. c. 377, and a second time in 369 during the agitation of the Licinian laws. (Liv. vi. 32, 36; Diod. xv. 61, 77.)

9. L. veturius L. f. sp.n. crassus cicurinus, consular tribune two years successively, b. c. 368, 367, in the latter of which years the Licinian laws were carried. (Liv. vi. 38, 42.)

CIDARIA (KiSapt'a), a surname of the Eleusi- nian Demeter at Pheneus, in Arcadia, derived either from an Arcadian dance called /ctSapts, or from a royal head-dress of the same name. (Paus. viii. 15. § 1.) [L. S.]

CILIX (KtAi£), a son of Agenor and Telephassa. He and his brothers Cadmus and Phoenix were sent out by their father in search of Europa, who had been carried off by Zeus. Cilix settled in the country which derived from him the name of Cili- cia. He is called the father of Thasus and Thebe. (Herod, vii. 91; Apollod. iii. 1. § 1; Hygin. Fab. 178; Diod. v. 49.) [L. S.]

CILLA (KiAAa), a daughter of Laomedon and Placia or Leucippe, and a sister of Priam. At the time when Hecabe was pregnant with Paris, the seer Aesacus declared that mother and child must be put to death in order to avert a great calamity; but Priam, who referred this prophetic declaration to Cilia and her son Menippus by Thymoetus, made them suffer instead of Hecabe and Paris. (Apollod. iii. 12. § 8; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 224.) [L.S.]

CILLAS or CILLUS (Ki'AAas or KfAAos), the charioteer of Pelops, whose real name, according to a Troezenian tradition, was Sphaerus. His tomb was shewn near the town of Cilia in the neigh­ bourhood of the temple of Apollo. (Paus. v. 10. § 2 ; Strab. xiii. p. 613.) [L. S.]

CILNII, a powerful family in the Etruscan town of Arretium, who seem to have been usually firm supporters of the Roman interests. They were driven out of their native town in b. c. 301, by the party opposed to them, but were restored by


the Romans. The Cilnii were nobles or Lucti-mones in their state, and some of them in ancient times may have held even the kingly dignity. (Comp. Hor. Carm. i. 1. 1, iii. 29. 1, Serm. i. 6. 3.) Till the fall of the republic no separate indi­vidual of this family is mentioned, for the w Cil-nius" of Silius Italicus (vii. 29) is a poetical creation, and the name has been rendered chiefly memorable by C. Cilnius Maecenas, the intimate friend of Augustus. [maecenas.] It appears from sepulchral inscriptions that the Etruscan form of the name was Cfenle or Cfelne, which was changed by the Romans into Cilnius., much in the same way as the Etruscan Lecne was altered into


Licimns. (Mtiller, Etmslter, i. p. 414.)

CILO or CHILO, a Roman surname, seems to have been written in either way, as we find both forms on coins of the Flaminia gens. (Eckhel, v. p. 212.) The Latin grammarians, however, state that Cilo was applied to a person with a long and narrow head, and Chilo to one with large or thick lips. (Velius Long. p. 2234, Flav. Caper, p. 224-2, Charis. p. 78, ed. Putschius ; Festus, s. v. Chilo.)

CILO, a Roman senator, called by Appian KtAAwi/, proscribed in b. c. 43 (Appian, .B. C. iv. 27), may perhaps be the same as the Cilo, the friend of Toranius and Cicero, whom the latter mentions in b. c. 45. (Cic. ad Fam. vi. 20.)

CILO, or CHILO, L. FLAMI'NIUS, occurs only on coins, of which a specimen is annexed. The obverse represents the head of Venus, and the reverse Victory driving a biga. The interpre­tation of the inscription on the obverse, IIII. vir. pri. fl,, is not certain. We know that Julius Caesar increased the number of the superintendents of the mint from three to four, and it has therefore been supposed that this Flaminius Chilo was one of the first four superintendents appointed by Cae­sar, and that the above letters refer to this, being equivalent to /// Vir primws flandae moneiae. (Ec­khel, v. pp. 212, 213.)

CILO, JU'NIUS, procurator of Pontus in the reign of Claudius, brought the Bosporan Mithri-dates to Rome in a. d. 50, and received after­wards the consular insignia. (Tac. Ann. xii. 21.) Dion Cassius speaks (Ix. 33) of him as governor of Bithynia, and relates an amusing tale respecting him. The Bithynians came before Claudius to complain of Cilo having taken bribes, but as the emperor could not hear them, on account of the noise, he asked those standing by his side what they said. Narcissus thereupon told him that they were returning thanks to Cilo, upon which Clau­dius appointed him to the government of the pro­vince for tvi o years longer.

CILO, or CHILO, P. MA'GIUS, murdered at Peiraeeus, in b. c. 45, M. Claudius Marcellus, who had been consul in 51, and killed himself imme­diately afterwards. Cilo was a friend and client of Marcellus and a rumour was circulated at the time by Caesar's enemies, that the dictator had instigated him to commit the murder. Brutus wrote to Cicero

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