Scanned text contains errors.
some other works. (Paus. vi. 2. § 4 ; 3. §§ 2, 3 ; 6. § 1, x. 9. § 3; Plin. xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 15.)
3. A statuary, born in Bithynia, whose statue of Zeus Stratius at Nicomedia was greatly admired. (Arrian, ap. Eustatli. ad Dionys. Perieg. 796.) Hence he probably lived from the time of Alexan der the Great downwards. (Thiersch, Epoch, p. 49.) [P. S.]
DAEIRA (Aaeipa or Aa??a), that is, "the knowing," a divinity connected with the Eleusi-nian mysteries. According to Pausanias (i. 38. § 7) she was a daughter of Oceanus, and became by Hermes the mother of Eleusis ; but others called her a sister of Stvx ; while a third account
DAES (Aa??s), of Colonae, apparently an histo rian, who wrote on the history of his native place. (Strab. xiii. p. 612.) [L. S.]
DAETONDAS Aam^Sas, a statuar of Si-
cy on, made a statue of the Eleian athlete Theoti-mus at Olympia. (Paus. vi. 17. § 3.) Since Moschion, the father of Theotimus, accompanied Alexander the Great into Asia, Daetondas probably flourished from b. c. 320 downwards. [P. S.] "DAI'MACHUS or DEI'MACHUS (Aafytaxos or A-tffyiaxos), of Plataeae, a Greek historian, whose age is determined by the fact, that he was sent as ambassador to Allitrochades, the son of Androcottus or Sandrocottus, king of India (Strab. ii. p. 70), and Androcottus reigned at the time when Seleucus was laying the foundation of the subsequent greatness of his empire, about b. c. 312. (Justin. xv. 4.) This fact at once shews the impossibility of what Casaubon (ad Diog. Latrt. i. 1 ) endeavoured to prove, that the historian Ephorus had stolen whole passages from Daimachus's work, since Ephorus lived and wrote before Da'imachus. The latter wrote a work on India, which consisted of at least two books. He had probably acquired or at least increased his knowledge of those eastern countries during his embassy ; but Strabo nevertheless places him at the head of those who had circulated false and fabulous accounts about India. (Cornp. Athen. ix. p. 394 ; Harpocrat. s. v. lyyv-#77/07; Schol. ad Apollon.Rhod. i. 558.) We have also mention of a verv extensive work on sieges
(7ro\!,opKrjTiicd vTro^y^ara) by one Da'imachus, who is probably the same as the author of the Indica. If the reading in Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. AaKefiaiuccv} is correct, the work on sieges consisted of at least 35 (Ae) books. (Comp. Eustatli. ad Horn. II. ii. 581.) The work on India is lost, but the one on sieges may possibly be still con cealed somewhere, for Magius (in Grater's Fax Artiivm, p. 1330) states, that he saw a MS. of it. It may be that our Da'imachus is the same as the one quoted by Plutarch (Comparat. Solon. cum Publ. 4) as an authority on the military exploits of Solon. In another passage of Plutarch (Lysand. 12) one Laimachus (according to the common read ing) is mentioned as the author of a work Trept eucregeias, and modern critics have changed the name Laimachus into Da'imachus, and consider him to 'be the same as the historian. In like manner it has been proposed in Diogenes Laertius (i. 30) to read Aa'iuaxos 6 riAarcueus instead of Aaidaxos 6 H\aT(aviKos, but these are only con jectural emendations. [L. S.] DAIPHANTUS (Aa'fyai'Tos), a.Thebai»,'vrtio
was slain at the battle of Mantineia, b. c. 362. It is said that Epaminondas, after he had received his mortal wound, asked successively for Daiphan-tus and lolai'das, and, when he heard of their death, advised his countrymen to make peace. (Pint. Apoplith. Epam. 24 ; Ael. V. H. xii. 3.) [E. E.]
DAIPPUS or DAHIPPUS (AcuVrros), a statuary who made statues of athletes (Paus. vi. 12. § 3, 16. § 4), and a statue which Pliny (xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 28) calls Perixyomenon, for which Brotier would read Trapa\voluievoi'. He is mentioned in two other passages of Pliny (L c. 19, 19. § 7), where all the MSS. give Laippus, through a confusion between A and A. From these two passages it appears that he was a son of Lysippus, and that he flourished in the 120th Olympiad. (b. c. 300, and onwards.) [P. S.]
DALION, a writer on geography and botany, who is quoted by Pliny. (//. JV. vi. 35, xx. 73.) He is mentioned among the foreign authors made use of by Pliny, and must have lived in or before the first century after Christ. [W. A. G.]
DAMAGETUS (Aaudynros). 1. King of Talysus in Rhodes (contemporary with Ardys, king of Lydia, and Phraortes, king of Media), married, in obedience to the Delphic oracle, the daughter of Aristomenes of Messene, and from this marriage sprung the family of the Diagoridae? who were celebrated for their victories at Olympia. [aristomenes.] The following is their genealogy,
daughter ^F Damage tus (Diagoras.)
Cullipatcira. Pheivnice. Eucles. Peisodorus.
In this pedigree the name of the first Diagoras is inserted by Clavier and Clinton, to supply one generation, which seems to be wanting in Pausa-
2. Of the second Damagetus nothing is known but his name.
3. The third Damagetus was victor in the pancratium on the same day on which his brother Acusilaiis was victor in boxing. [diagoras.] (Pind. Ol. 7, and Schol ; Paus. iv. 24. § 1, vi. 7. §§ 1, 2; Aelian, V. II. x. 1; Cic. Tusc. i. 46; Clinton, Fast. Hell i. pp. 254, 255.) [P. S.]
DAMAGETUS (Aap.ayyros), the author of thirteen epigrams in the Greek Anthology, from the contents of some of which his time is fixed at the end of the third, century b. c. He was included in the Garland of Meleager. It is not known whether he is the same person as the Demagetus who is cited by Stephanus Byzan-tiiius (s. v. 'akt?}). The name is also given by the Scholiast to Apollomus Rhodius (i. 224) in the form Demagetus. (Brunck, Anal. ii. 38, iii, 331 «