The Ancient Library

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On this page: Democritus – Demodamas – Demodocus – Demoleon – Demoleus – Demon – Demonassa – Demonax


tlie art of arching. He is also said to have pos­sessed a knowledge of perspective. Two works on tactics (Taicruwv Kal 'OTrAo/xaxi/c^) are ascribed to him, apparently from a confusion of his name with that of Damocritus. (Fabric. Bill. Grace, iv. p. 343 ; Mullach, I c. pp. 93—159.) [A. S.]

DEMOCRITUS (A^otcpLTos). 1. Of Ephesus, wrote works on the Ephesian temple and the town of Samothrace. (Diog. Laert. ix. 49.) A frag­ment of his is preserved in Athenaeus. (xii. p. 525.)

2. A Platonic philosopher, who wrote commen­taries on Plato's Phaedon and Alcibiades I. (Por-phyr. Vit. Plot. 20 ; Syrian, ad Aristot. Metapk. xii. p. 59 ; Ruhnken, Dissert. Pldlol. de Vita et Script. LonyinL § 4.)

3. Of Sicyon, is recommended by Cicero to the proconsul A. Alliemis (ad Fam. xiii. 78), as a highly educated man. [L, S.J

DEMODAMAS (A7j/*o5<£juas), of Miletus or Halicarnassus, is called Seleuci et AntiocM dux by Pliny. (//. N. vi. 16.) He appears to have writ­ ten a geographical work on Asia, from which Pliny derived great assistance. He is mentioned also by Stephanus Byzantius (s. v. "Azmcrora), and is pro­ bably the same as the Demodamas who according to Athenaeus (xv. p. 682) wrote a work on Hali­ carnassus. (-/repl 'AAiKapyaa-trou.) [L. S.]

DEMODOCUS (AT^oSo/cos). 1. The famous bard of the Odj'sse};-, who according to the fashion of the heroic ages delighted the guests of king Al-cinoUs during their repast by singing about the feats of the Greeks at Troy, of the love of Ares and Aphrodite, and of the wooden horse. (Od. viii. 62, £c., xiii. 27.) He is also mentioned as the bard who advised Agamemnon to guard Clytaemnestra, and to expose Aegisthus in a desert island. (Od. iii. 267 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1466.) Eustathius describes him as a Laconian, and as a pupil of Au-tomedes and Perimedes of Argos. He adds that he won the prize at the Pythian games and then followed Agamemnon to JVlycenae. One story makes Odysseus recite Demodocus<)s song about the destruction of Troy during a contest in Tyrrhenia. (Ptolem. Heph. 7.) On the throne of Apollo at Amyclae, Demodocus was represented playing to the dance of the Phaeacians. (Paus. iii. 18. § 7.) Later writers, who look upon this mythical min­strel as an historical person, describe him as a na­tive of Corcyra, and as an aged and blind singer (Ov. Ib. 272), who composed a poem on the de­struction of Troy ('lAiou 7rop9-?7<ns), and on the marriage of Hephaestus and Aphrodite. (Plut. de Mus. 3 ; Eudoc. p. 407 ; Phot. Bibl. p. 152. ed. Bekker.) Plutarch (de Flam. 18) refers even to the first book of an epic poem on the exploits of Heracles. ('HpajcAeia.) But all such statements are fabulous ; and if there existed any poems under his name, they were certainly forgeries.

2. A companion and friend of Aeneas, who was killed by Halesus. (Virg. A en. x. 413.) [L. S.]

DEMODOCUS (&nid$oKos). 1. Among the dialogues bearing the name of Plato there is one entitled Demodocus, from the person addressed therein ; but whether this Demodocus is the friend of Socrates, and father of Theages, who is intro­duced as one of the interlocutors in the dialogue Theages, is uncertain. But the dialogue Demodo­cus is now acknowledged on all hands to be a fabrication of a late sophist or rhetorician. (C. F. Hermann, System dcr Platon. .PMlos. i. p. 414, &c.)



2. One of the Athenian generals, who com­ manded a fleet in the Hellespont, and in the spring of b. c. 424, recovered the town of Antan- rus. (Time. iv. 75.) Another person of this name is mentioned by Polybius. (v. 95.) [L. S.]

DEMODOCUS (atj/xo'sokos) of Leros, the au­ thor of four epigrams in the Greek Anthology, containing bitter attacks upon the Chians, Cappa- docians, and Cilicians. (Bnvnck, Anal. ii. 56 ; Jacobs, ii. 56, xiii. 698.) He is mentioned by Aristotle. (Ethic. Nicom. vii. 9.) [P. S.]

DEMODOCUS (A^oSoicos), a physician of Crotona. [democedes.]

DEMOLEON (A^uoAeW). There are four mythical beings of this name, a centaur (Ov. Met. xii. 355, &c.), a son of Phrixus and Chalciope (Hygin. Fab. 14), a son of Antenor and Theano, who was slain by Achilles (Horn. II. xx. 394), and a son of Hippasus, who was slain by Paris. (Quint. Smyrn. x. 119, £c.) [L. S.]

DEMOLEUS, a Greek, who had been slain by Aeneas, and whose coat of mail was offered by him as a prize in the games which he celebrated in Sicily. (Virg. Aen. v. 258, &c.) [L. S.]

DEMON (Aifruoi/). 1. The author of an Atthis ('ArOis), or a history of Attica, against which Philochorus wrote his Atthis, from which we may infer that Demon lived either shortly before or at the time of Philochorus. (Plut. Thus. 39, 23 ; Athen. iii. p. 96 ; Suid. s.v. rpiro-frdropcs.) He is probably the same as the author of a work on proverbs (-Trep! 7rapo(iiuc£i'), of which some fragments are still extant, (Steph. s. v. AcoSwV?; ; Harpocrat. s. v. Mu(rc£j> Aetaz/ ; Hes3rch, s. v. Oweuoi; Photius, passim ; Suidas, s. v. Aw5wz>cuoz/; Schol. ad Aristopk. Plut. 1003, Av. 302, Ran. 44-2 ; Schol. ad Horn. Od. xx. 301, 77. xvi. 233 ; ad Find. Nem. vii. 155, ad Eurip. Rhes. 248 ; Zenob. Proverb, v. 52 ; Apostol. vii. 44, xiii. 36, xvii. 28, xx. 27 ; Arsenius, Viol. pp. 186, 463) and of a work on sacrifices (wept &ucri<iuv; Harpocrat. s. v. TrpoKtovia). The fragments of the works of Demon are collected in Siebelis Phanodemus (Demonis, Ciitodemi et Ixtri) 'ArQiStov et relig. Fragm*, Leip­zig, 1812. (See especially p. vii. &c., and p. 17, &c., and in C. and Th. M'uller, Fragm. Hist. Grace* p. 378, &c. Comp. p. Ixxxvii. &c.)

2. Of the demos of Paeania in Attica, was a son of Demosthenes's sister, and distinguished him­ self as an orator ; he belonged, like his great kinsman, to the anti-Macedonian party. When, after the death of Alexander, Demosthenes was still in exile and tried to rouse the Greeks to a vigorous resistance against the Macedonians, De­ mon proposed a decree to recall him. It was joyfully passed by the Athenians, and Demosthe­ nes returned in triumph. (Plut. Demosth. 27 ; Athen. viii. p. 341, xiii. p. 593, where a son of his, Phrynion, is mentioned.) [L. S.]

DEMONASSA (^^vaara-a). L The wife of Irus, and mother of Eurydamas and Eurytion. (Hygin. Fab. 14 ; Apollon. Rhod. i. 74.)

2. A daughter of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle, was the wife of Thersander, by whom she became the mother of Tisamenus. (Pans. iii. 15. § 6, ix. 5, § 8.)

3. The mother of Aegialus by Adrastus. (Hy­ gin. Fab. 71.) [L. S.I

DEMONAX (AT^uoWl), the most distinguish­ed of those who attempted to revive the cynical doctrines in the second century of the Christian


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