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34. npo*s t$v AaKpiTov Trapaypa<f)r]v, is of uncertain date, and its genuineness is doubted by some of the ancients. See the Greek Argu-mentum.
35. 'Tir^p <£op/xiwi/os irapaypatyi], belongs to B. c. 350.
36. npos HavTaiveTov Trapaypacprf, falls after b. c. 347.
37. npos Nautrtjuaxoy Ka* E€j>07rei(to) irapaypwptf, is of uncertain date.
38. npos BoiwToV Trepi tov oVojuaros, belongs to B. c. 351 or 350, and was ascribed by some of the ancients to Deinarchus. (Dionys. Hal. Deinarch. 13.) See Bockh, Urkund. uber. das AtL Seewesen, p. 22, &c.
39. npos Bofwroi/ t/TTtp irpoiKos jUTjrpaiJas, B. c.
40. Upas 2,-jrovb'iaj' virep TrpoiKo's, of uncertain date,
41. npos &aivunrov irepl d^riSoVews, of uncertain date. The genuineness of this oration is doubted by the author of the argum. to it, Bockh, Index to Publ. Econ. of Athens, and Schaefer, Appar. Crit. v. p. 63.
42. npos Ma/capraTW Trepi *Ayviov KA^pov, of uncertain date. See de Boor, Prolegom. zu der Rede des Demosth. gegen. Makartatus, Hamburg, 3838.
43. Uptis Aeoxapf? Trefi tov K\r)pov, of uncertain date.
44 and 45. The two orations against Sfcephanus, belong to the time previous to b. c. 343. The genuineness of the first is doubted by I. Bekker. See C. D. Beel, Diatribe in Demosth. Orat. in Stephan., Lugdun. Bat. 1825.
46. nepJ Evspyov Kal WLvriariGovXov i^euSojuap-Tvpicoz/, belongs to the time after b. c. 355. Its genuineness is doubted by Harpocr. s. vv. 'E/caA/o--rpovv and yTyjjievyv, H. Wolf, Bockh (/. e.), and I. Bekker. See Schaefer, Appar. Crit. v. p. 216.
47. KarcJ 'OAf/iTnofteypou fihdSrjs, after b. c. 343.
48. npos Ti/u^^eoi/ vTrep XP6/COS>? ^s between B c. 363 and 354, but is considered spurious by Harpocrat. s. v. Ka/coTex^/cSy, Bockh, and Bekker (see Schaefer, Appar. Crit. v. p. 264). It is defended by Rumpf, de Orat. adv. 7'imoth., Giessen, 1821.
49. npos noAu/cAea irepl tov eTaTpr^papx^aTos, after b. c. 361.
50. nepl tov 2,T€(pdvov tt?s Tpnypapx/as, after B. c. 361, is suspected by Becker, Demosth. als tStaatsmann und. Redner^ p. 465.
51. npos KaAaittttov, spoken in B. c. 364.
52. npos NiKQffTpaTov nepl t£>v 'ApzOovaiov dvb'paTrob'toJs., of uncertain date, was suspected by Harpocrat. s. v. 'Airoypatytf.
53. Kara KoV«*>os ai/cias, B. c. 343.
54. npos KaAAa/cAea Trepi ^(apiov., of uncertain date.
55. Kara Aioi/uffoScypou j8Aa§779, b. c. 329.
56. vE(/>eo-is irpos EiJgouAfSTji/, after b. c. 346. , 57. Kara ©eofcp£i/ou evSet^ts, belongs to b. c. 325, but is probably the work of Deinarchus. (Dionys. Deinarch. 10 ; Argum. ad Orat. c. Theo-crin. p. 1321 ; Harpocrat. s. vv. 'aypatyiov and ©€o/cpfvrjs; Schaefer, Appar. Crit. v. p. 473.)
58. Kara Nea/pas, refers to b. c. 340, but is considered spurious both by ancient and modern writers. (Dionys. de Admir. vi die. Dem. 57 ; Phrynich. p, 225; Harpocrat. s. vv. yeppa.
, and KcoAms i
Schaefer, Ajypar. Crit. v. p. 527.)
III. show speeches.
59. 'ETTira^ios, refers to b. c. 338, but is un» questionably spurious. (Dion}Ts. de Admir. vi die. Dem. 23, 44 ; Liban. p. 6 ; Harpocrat. s. vv. AiycT-Sou and KeKpoTrfs ; Phot. Bibl. p. 491 ; Suid. s. v. Af]ijLou64v7js • Bekker, Anecd. p. 354 ; Wester-mann, Quaest. Dem. ii. p. 49, &c.) Its genuineness is defended by Becker (Demosth. als Staatsm. u. Red. ii. p. 466, &c.) and Krliger (in Seebode's Archiv, i. 2, p. 277).
60. 'EpwTi/cos, is, like the former, a spurious production. (Dionys. de Admir. vi die. Dem. 44 ; Liban. p. 6 ; Pollux, iii. 144; Phot. Bibl. I. c. ; Westermann, Quaest. Dem. ii. p. 70, &c.)
Among the lost orations of Demosthenes the following are mentioned: — AKpiXq) o^tTryopiKcis alrovvTL Scoped s. (Dionys. Deinarch. 11.) 2. Kard MeSovros. (Pollux, viii. 53 ; Harpocr. s. v. Ae/ca-reueii/.) 3. npos YloAvevKTov irapaypatyri. (Bekker, A need. p. 90.) 4. nepi xPvcr'lov (Athen. xiii. p. 592) is perhaps the same as the diroXoyia t&v Scopa**/. (Dionys. Ep. ad Amm. i. 12, who, however, in Demosth. 57, declares it a spurious oration.) 5. nepi tov /zt) e/c5ourai "ApTraAov, was spurious according to Dionysius. (Demosth. 57.) 6. Kara A^aSou. (Bekker, Anecd. p. 335.) A fragment of it is probably extant in Alexand. de Fiyiir. p. 478, ed. Walz. 7. Hpos Kpmaz/ Trepi tov ev€iri(TK'r)/j./naTos. (Harpocrat. s. v. 'Eveiri(r-KrjjU/^a, where Dionysius doubts its genuineness.) 8. 'TTrep prjropcav., probably not a work of Demosthenes. (Suid. 5. v. "A^aa.) 9. 'T-Trep ^arupou ttjs sTTLTpoTrijs Trpos Xapt^rj^oz/. belonged according to Callimachus (ap. Phot. Bibl. p. 491) to Deinarchus.
Besides the ancient and modern historians of the time of Philip and Alexander, the following works will be found useful to the student of De mosthenes : Schott, Vitae Parallelae Aristot. et Demosth. Antwerp, 1603; Becker, Demosthenes als Staatsmann und Redncr, Halle, 1816, 2 vols. 8vo ; Westermann, Quaestiones Demosthenicae, in four parts, Leipzig, 1830 — 1837, Geschichte der Griech. Beredtsamkeit^ §§ 56, 57, and Beilac;e^ vii. p. 297, &-c. ; Bohneke, Studien aufdem Gebiete der Attischen Redner, Berlin, 1843. [L. S-]
DEMOSTHENES (A^o^eV^s). 1. The father of the orator. See above.
2. A Bithynian, wrote a history of his native country, of which the tenth book is quoted by Stephanus of Byzantium, (s.vv. Koo'cros', MawwAoi'; comp. s. vv. Tapas, Tapo"os, Teu^uTjtro'os, 'AAe^a^-Speta, 'Apra/cT? ; Etym. Mag. s. v. 'Hpai'cc.) He further wrote an account of the foundations of towns (KTio-ets), which is likewise several times quoted by Stephanus. Euphorion wrote a poem against this historian under the title of ArifjLoaQevrjs, of which a fragment is still extant. (Bekker, Ancc-dot. p. 1383 ; comp. Meineke, de Eupliorione, p 31.)
3. A Thracian, a Greek grammarian, who wrote according to Suidas (s. ??.) a work on the dithyram-bic poets (irepl didvpajj-goiroicav), a paraphrase of Homer's Iliad and of Hesiod's Theogony, and an epitome of the work of Damagetus of Heracleia. (Westermann, Quaest. Dem. iv. pp. 38, 88.)
4. Surnamed the Little (d /ui/cpo/s), a Greek rhetorician, who is otherwise unknown ; but some fragments of his speeches are extant in Bekker's Anecdota (pp. 135, 140, 168, 170, 17-8). [L.'S.J