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On this page: Dromocleides – Dromocrides – Dromon – Drusilla – Drusus

1075

DRUSILLA.

into the power of the enemy, he was compelled to purchase his liberation by concluding a treaty on the terms already mentioned. (Paus. i. 9. § 6.) The dominions of Dromichaetes appear to have ex­tended from the Danube to the Carpathians, and his subjects are spoken of by Pausanias as both numerous and warlike. (Pans 1. c. ; Strab. vii. pp. 304, 305 ; Niebuhr, Kleme ScJiriften, p. 379; Droysen, Naclifolg. Aleoc. p. 589.)

2. A leader of Thracian mercenaries (probably of the tribe of the Getae) in the service of Antio-chus II. (Polyaen. iv. 16.)

3. One of the generals of Mithridates, probably a Thracian by birth, who was sent by him with an army to the support of Archelaus in Greece. (Ap- pian. Mithr. 32, 41.) [E. H. B.]

DROMOCLEIDES (Apo,uo/cAet^) of Sphettus, an Attic orator of the time of Demetrius Phalereus, who exercised a great influence upon public affairs at Athens by his servile flattery of Demetrius Poliorcetes. (Plut. Demetr. 13, 14, Praecc.pt. Polit. p. 798.) [L. S.]

DROMOCRIDES, or, as some read, Dro-mocleides, is mentioned by Fulgentius (Mytkol. ii. 17) as the author of a Theogony, but is otherwise unknown. (Fabric. Bill. Graec. i. p. 30.) [L. S.]

DROMON (Apo/xcoz/). 1. An Athenian comic poet of the middle corned}'', from whose ^PaArpia two fragments are quoted by Athenaeus (vi. p. 240, dv ix. p. 409, e.). In the former of these fragments mention is made of the parasite Tithy-mallus, who is also mentioned by Alexis, Timocles, and Antiphanes, who are all poets of the middle comedy, to which therefore it is inferred that Dro­mon also belonged. A play of the same title is ascribed to eubulus. (Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. i. p. 418, iii. pp. 541, 542.)

2. A slave of the Peripatetic philosopher, Stra-ton, who emancipated him by his will. (Diog. Laert. v. 63.) He is included in the lists of the Peripatetics. (Fabric.Bibl. Graec. iii. p. 492.) [P.S.]

DRUSILLA. 1. livia drusilla, the mo­ther of the emperor Tiberius and the wife of Au­gustus. [ livia.]

2. drusilla, a daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina, was brought up in the house of her grandmother Antonia. Here she was deflowered by her brother Caius (afterwards the emperor Caligula), before he was of age to assume the toga virilis, and Antonia had once the misfortune to be an eye-witness of the incest of these her grand­children. (Suet. Caligula., 24.) In A. d. 33, the emperor Tiberius disposed of her in marriage to L. Cassius Longiims (Tac. Ann. vi. 15), but her brother soon afterwards carried her away from her husband's house, and openly lived with her as if she were his wife. In the beginning of his reign, we find her married to M. Aemilius Lepidus, one of his minions. The emperor had debauched all his sisters, but his passion for Drusilla exceeded all bounds. When seized with illness, he appointed her heir to his property and kingdom; but she died early in his reign, whereupon his grief became frantic. He buried her with the greatest pomp, gave her a public tomb, set up her golden image in the forum, and commanded that she should be worshipped, by the name Panthea, with the same honours as Venus. Livius Geminius, a senator, swore that he saw her ascending to heaven in the company of the gods, and was rewarded with a million sesterces for his story. Men knew not

DRUSUS.

what to do. It was impiety to mourn the goddess, and it was death not to mourn the woman. Seve­ral suffered death for entertaining a relative or guest, or saluting a friend, or taking a bath, in the days that followed her funeral. (Dion Cass. lix. 11; Senec. Consol. ad Polyb. 36.)

3. julia drusilla, the daughter of the emperor Caius (Caligula) by his wife Caesonia. She was born, according to Suetonius (Caligula^ 25), on the day of her mother's marriage, or, ac­cording to Dio (lix. 29), thirty days afterwards. On the day of her birth, she was carried by her father round the temples of all the goddesses, and placed upon the knee of Minerva, to whose patron­age he commended her maintenance and educa­tion. Josephus (Ant. Jud. xix. 2) relates, that Caligula pronounced it to be a doubtful question whether he or Jupiter had the greater share in her paternity. She gave early proof of her legiti­macy by the ferocity and cruelty of her disposition, for, while yet an infant, she would tear with her little nails the eves and faces of the children who

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played with her. On the day that her father was assassinated, she was killed by being dashed against a wall, a. d. 41, when she was about two years old.

4. drusilla, daughter of Herodes Agrippa L, king of the Jews, by his wife Cypros, and sister of Herodes Agrippa II., was only six years old when her father died in a. d. 44. She had been already promised in marriage to Epiphanes, son of Antiochus, king of Comagene, but the match was broken off in consequence of Epiphanes refusing to perform his promise of conforming to the Jewish religion. Hereupon Azizus, king of Emesa, ob­tained Drusilla as his wife, and performed the condition of becoming a Jew. Afterwards, Felix, the procurator of Judaea, fell in love with her, and induced her to leave Azizus—a course to which she was prompted not only by the fair promises of Felix, but by a desire to escape the annoyance to which she was subjected by the envy of her sister Berenice, who, though ten years older, vied with her in beauty. She thought, per­haps, that Felix, whom she accepted as a second husband, would be better able to protect her than Azizus, whom she divorced. In the Acts- of the Apostles (xxiv. 24), she is mentioned in such a manner that she may naturally be supposed to have been present when St. Paul preached before her second husband in a. d. 60. Felix and Drusilla had a son, Agrippa, who perished in an eruption of Vesuvius. (Josephus, Ant. Jud. xix. 7, xx. 5.)

Tacitus (Hist. v. 9) says, that Felix married Drusilla, a granddaughter of Cleopatra and Antony. The Drusilla he refers to; if any such person ever existed, must have been a daughter of Juba and Cleopatra Selene, for the names and fate of all the other descendants of Cleopatra and Antony are known from other sources ; but the account given by Josephus of the parentage of Drusilla is more consistent than that of Tacitus with the statement of Holy Writ, by which it appears that Drusilla was a Jewess. Some have supposed that Felix married in succession two Drusillae, and counten­ance is lent to this otherwise improbable conjecture by an expression of Suetonius (Claud. 28), who calls Felix trium reginarum maritum. [ J. T. G.]

DRUSUS, the name of a distinguished family of the Livia gens. It is said by Suetonius (Tib* 3), that the first Livius Drusus acquired the cognu*

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