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On this page: Enalus Ce – Enantiophanes – Enarephorus – Enarete – Enceladus


is mentioned in a passage of Quintiliah, where the. text is very doubtful, as an orator -referred to by Cicero, but no such name occurs in any extant work of the latter.—(Pint. Brut. 2 ; Quintil. x. 6. § 4, and Spalding's note). [ W. R.]

ENALUS CEm\os). The Penthelides, the first settlers in Lesbos, had received an oracle from Amphitrite commanding them to sacrifice a bull to Poseidon and a virgin to Amphitrite and the Ne­reides, as soon as they should, on their journey to Lesbos, come to the rock Mesogeion. The leaders of the colonists accordingly caused their daughters to draw lots, the result of which was, that the.daugh­ter of Smintheus or Phineus was to be sacrificed. When she was on the point of being thrown into the sea, her lover, Enalus, embraced her, and leaped with her into the deep. But both were saved by dolphins. Once the sea all around Lesbos rose in such high billows, that no one ventured to ap­proach it; Enalus alone had the courage to do so, and when he returned from the sea, he was fol­lowed by polypi.; the greatest of which was carry­ing a stone, which Enalus took from it, and dedi­cated in a temple. (Plut. Sept. Sapient. Conviv. p. 163, c, de Sollert. animal, p. 984. d.) [L. S.]

ENANTIOPHANES. Cujacius, in his Pre­face to the 60th book of the Basilica, prefixed to the 7th volume of Fabrot's edition of that work, supposes Enantiophanes- to be the assumed name .of a Graeeo-Romari jurist, who wrote «re/?l evavTio-Qavwv, or concerning the explanation .of apparent legal inconsistencies; and Suarez (Notit. Basil. § 35) says that Photius, in his Nomocanon, men­tions having written such a work. Fabricius, in a note upon the work of Suarez (which is inserted in the BibliotJieca Graeca), states that Balsamo, in his Preface to the Nomocanon of Photius9 refers to Enantiophanes. Assemanni, however, shews (Bibl. Jur. Orient, ii. 18, p. 389) that there is no reason for attributing a work ncpl svavTiotyavoov to Pho­tius, that there is no passage in his Nomocanon relating' to such a work, and that the sentence in which Balsamo is supposed by Fabricius to refer to Enantiophanes has no such meaning. The ^vavrio^avwv f5i€\lov is cited in Basil, v. p. 7*26. Enantiophanes (Basil, vi. p. 250) cites his own book de Legatis et Mortis Causa Donationibus, and the TiapaypaQTJ, or annotation, of Enantiophanes is cited in Basil, vii. p. 496. The period when the ju­rist lived who bears this name, has been a subject of much dispute. Reiz (ad TJieophilum^ pp. 1234, 1236) thinks that Enantiophanes wrote-before the composition of the Basilica^ and marks his name with an asterisk as an ascertained contemporary of Justinian. In Basil, iii. p. 318 Enantiophanes calls Stephanus his master; but this is by no means conclusive. Assemanni, misled by Papado-poli, thinks that the Stephanus here meant lived under Alexius Comnenus, and was not the Stepha­nus who was one of the compilers of Justinian's Digest. The contemporary of Justinian, however, was undoubtedly the person intended; but Stepha­nus was one of those early Graeco-Roman jurists who, like Domninus, Patricius, and Cyrillus, are thought by Zachariae (Anecdota^ p. viii.) to have been called by subsequent jurists masters or teachers in a general sense. (Compare Basil. 11. tit. i. s. 67, sch. ed. Heimbach, i., p. 646.) Zachariae places Enantiophanes among the jurists who lived before the time of Basileius Macedo. (Hist. Jur. Gr.Rom. g.£0. 1> 2.) That he lived before the for-



niation of the present text of the Basilica, appears from his being several times named in the text it­self, as in iii. p. 258, where he cites Theophilus; ii. p. 560, where he cites the Code of Justinian; i. 99, where he cites the No veils of Justinian. According to the Scholium on the Basilica (ii. p. 548, ed. Heimbach), he seems to have written notes upon the Digest. That he was alive after the death of Justinian appears from Basil, iii. p. 230 (ed. Heimbach), where he cites a Novell of Justin. On the other hand, Assemanni thinks that he wrote after the composition of the Basilica, which, in the Scholium, Basil, i. p. 262, he appears to cite ; but it is very likely that here, as in many other places, that which was originally a citation from the Digest has been subsequently changed for convenience into a reference to the Basilica. In Basil, iii. p. 440, he cites Gregorius Doxapater, whom Pohl (followed by Zachariae), on the sup­posed authority of Montfaucon, places in the first half of the 12th century ; but we have shewn [doxapater,] that there is no ground for identi­fying Gregorius Doxapater with the Doxapater mentioned by Montfaucon.

An eminent jurist of the time of Justinian is frequently cited in the Basilica, and in the Scholia on that work by the appellation of the Anonymous. This writer composed an Index or abridgment of the Novells of Justinian, and was the author of Paratitla (a comparison of parallel passages) in the Digest. To this work the treatise on apparently discordant passages would form a natural sequel; and Mortreuil (Histoire du I>roit Byzantin, i. p. 296) makes it probable that Enantiophanes and the Anonymous were the same persons; for in Basil, vi. p. 251 Schol., a passage is ascribed to Enantiophanes, which, in Basil, vi. p. 260, Schol., is attributed to the Anonymous.

Biener (GesckicJite der Novellen Justinians, p. 56) threw out the conjecture, that the Anonymous was no other than Julianus, the author of the Latin Epitome of the Novells; and Zachariae (Anecdota, p. 204—7) attempts to establish this conjecture. Mortreuil seems disposed to identify the three.

In order to facilitate investigation, we subjoin a list (formed from Reiz and Fabricius) of passages in the Basilica where the name of Enantiophanes occurs.

Basil, i. pp. 70, 99, 100, 109, 260, 408, 262, 265, 266, ii. pp. 540, 560, 609, 610, 628, iii. pp. 43, 170, 258, 318, 393, 394, 412, v. p. 726, vi. 250, 251, 260, vii. 496, 499, 565, 640, 641. (Heimbach, de Basil Orig. pp. 76-79.) [J. T. G.]

ENAREPHORUS ('Evapfyopos), a son of Hippocoon, was a most passionate suitor of Helen, when she was yet quite young., Tyndareus, there­ fore, entrusted the maiden to the care of Theseus; (Apollod. iii. 10. § 5; Plut. Thes. 31.) Enare- phorus had a heroum at Sparta. (Pans. iii. 15. §2.) [L.S.]

ENARETE. [aeolus, No. L]

ENCELADUS ('EyK&aSos), a son of Tarta­rus and Ge, and one of the hundred-armed giants who made war upon the gods. (Hygin. Fab, Praef. p. 1 ; Virg. Aen* \\. 179 ; Ov. Ep. ex Pont. ii. 2. 12, Amor. iii. 12. 27.) He was killed, according to some, by Zeus, by a flash of lightning, and bu­ried under mount Aetna (Virg. AenAii. 578); and^ according to others, he was killed by the chariot of Athena (Paus. viii. 47. § 1), or by the spear of Seilenus. ( Eurip. Cyclops, 7.) In his flight Athena

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