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and Callistratus. He sometimes ridicules classes of persons, as the Thebans in his 'avtiottti.
His language is simple, elegant, and generally pure, containing few words which are not found in writers of the best period. Like Antiphanes, he was extensively pillaged by later poets, as, for example, by Alexis, Ophelion, and Ephippus.
, TAau/cos, AafSaAos, AaAtaAfas is a corrupt title (Suid. s. v. 'A<rK«Aia£Vfj>), for which Meineke would read Aajuao^as, AewcaA/wj/, Aiovv-<nos, in which he appears to have ridiculed the confusion which prevailed in all the arrangements of the palace of Dionysius (Schol. ad Aristoph. Thesm. 136), AiJjwros, or, according to the fuller title (Athen. xi. p. 460, e.), Sc/wcA?) $ Advvffos, A(jA.wj>, Eiprfc/rj, Eop(fTrrj, 'Hx^u 'I|fai>, "Iwv, KaAa-OrjQopoi, Kaju-TTuAuoj' (doubtful), Kara/coAA&fyiews (doubtful), Rep/cadres, KAe^ifSpa, Kopu8aA<fe, Kv-(Sevrai, Aditcwes $ A?;8a, MljSeia, MvA«0pis, Muffof, Namop, Natm/ccia, ncott/s, Houses, 'QSvvcrevs, % TIa.v6irrai, OfSforovs, Oiv6fJLaos jj II^Ao^, 'OA&'a,
/, nopvoGoffKos, TIpoKpis, TIpoffov<ria
r^avpTr^AtSes, ^(j>iyyoKapio)v9 Tirflaf, i|, Xaptres, XpuoiAAa, "VrfArpta. (Meineke, 7. Com. Graec. vol. i. pp. 355—367, vol. iii. pp. 203—272 ; Clinton, Fast, Hell, sub ann. b. c. 375 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. voL iv. pp. 442— 444.) , [P.S.]
EUCADMUS (Eitaa6>os), an Athenian sculp tor, the teacher of androsthenes. (Paus, x. 19. §3.) [P. S.]
EUCAMPIDAS (Etf/fCtywriSas), less properly EUCA'LPIDAS (EiteaAir&as), an Arcadian of Maenalus, is mentioned by Demosthenes as one of those who, for the sake of private gain, became the instruments of Philip of Macedon in sapping the independence of their country. Polybius cen sures Demosthenes for his injustice in bringing so sweeping a charge against a number of distin guished men, and defends the Arcadians and Mes- senians in particular for their connexion with Phi lip. At the worst, he says, they are chargeable only with an error of judgment, in not seeing what was best for their country ; and he thinks that, even in this, point, they were justified by the re sult,—as if the result might not have been differ ent, had they taken a different course. (Dem. de Cor. pp. 245, 324 ; Polyb. xvii. 14.) [cineas.] Eucampidas is mentioned by Pausamas (viii. 27) as one of those who led the Maenalian settlers to Megalopolis, to form part of the population of the new city, b. c. 371. [E. E.]
EUCHEIR (E#x«p)5 is one of those names of Grecian artists, which are first used in the mythological period, on account of their significancy, but which were afterwards given to real persons. [cheirisophus.j 1. Eucheir, a relation of Daedalus, and the inventor of painting in Greece, according to Aristotle, is no doubt only a mythical personage. (Plin. vii. 56.)
2. Eucheir, of Corinth, who, with Eugrammus, followed Demaratus into Italy (b. c.. 664), and introduced the plastic, art into Italy, should probably be considered also a mythical personage, designating the period of Etruscan art to which the earliest painted vases belong. (Plin. xxxv. 12. s.
43, comp. xxxv. 5; Thierschj Epoclien^ pp. 165, 166; Muller, Arch. d. Kunst, § 75.) ..At" all events, there appear to have been families of artists, both at Corinth and at Athens, in which the name Was hereditary. The following are known.
3. Eucheirus (Etfx«poy, for so Pausanias gives the name) of Corinth, a statuary, was the pupil of Syadras and Chartas, of Sparta, and the teacher of Clearchus of Rhegium. (Paus. vi. 4. § 2.) He must therefore have flourished about the 65th or 66th Olympiad, b. c. 520 or 516. [chartas, pythagoras op rhegium.] This is probably the Euchir whom Pliny mentions among those who made statues of athletes, &c. (ff. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19, § 34.)
4. Eucheir, the son of Eubulides, of Athens, a sculptor, made the marble statue of Hermes, in his temple at Pheneus in Arcadia. (Paus. viii. 14t § 7.) Something more is known of him through inscriptions discovered at Athens, in reference to which see eubulides. [P. S.} EUCHEIRUS, statuary. [eucheir, No. 3.J EUCHE'NOR (EiJx^wp), a son of Coeranus and grandson of Polyidus of Megara. He took part in the Trojan war, and was killed. (Paus. i. 43. § 5.) In Homer (II. xii. 663) he is called a son of the seer Polyidus of Corinth. There are two other mythical personages of this name. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 5 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1839.) [L. S.]
EUCHERIA, the authoress of sixteen elegiac couplets, in which she gives vent to the indignation excited by the proposals of an unworthy suitor— stringing together a long series of the most absurd and unnatural combinations, all of which are to be considered as fitting and appropriate in comparison with such an union. The idea of the piece was evidently suggested by the Virgilian lines
Mopso Nisa datur; quid non speremus amantes ?
Jungentur jam grypes equis; aevoque sequent!
Cum canibus timidi venient ad poeula damae, while in tone and spirit it bears some resemblance to the Ibis ascribed to Ovid, and to the Dirae of Valerius Cato. The presumptuous wooer is called a rusticus servtts, by which we must clearly under stand, not a slave in the Roman acceptation of the term, but one of those vittqni or serfs who, accord ing to the ancient practice in Germany and Gaul, were considered as part of the live stock indissolu- bly bound to the soil which they cultivated. From this circumstance, from the introduction here and there of a barbarous word, from the fact that most of the original MSS. of these verses were found in France, and that the name of Eucherius was com mon in that country in the fifth and sixth centu ries, we may form a guess as to the period when this poetess flourished, and as to the land of her nativity; but we possess no evidence which can entitle us to speak with any degree of confidence. (Wernsdorf, Poet. Lat. Min. vol. iii. .p. Ixv. and p. 97, vol. iv. pt. ii. p. 827, vol. v. pt. iii. p. 1458; Burmann, Anthol. Lat. v. 133, or n. 385, ed. Meyer.) [W. R.]
EUCHERIUS, bishop of Lyons, was born, during the latter half of the fourth century, of an illustrious family. His father Valerianus is by many believed to be the Valerianus who about this period held the office of Praefectus Galliae, and was a near relation of the^ emperor Avitus. Eucherius married Gallia, a lady not inferior to himself in station, by whom he had two sons, Salonius. and Veranius, and two daughters, Corsortia and