The Ancient Library

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On this page: Eulaeus – Eulogius – Euma – Eumachus – Eumaeus – Eumarus – Eumathius – Eumelus – Evippe – Evippus


(ad Scap. c. 4) says that young Antoninus was reared upon Christian milk, he refers to Proculus, the steward of Euhodus, for there is no reason to believe that either Euhodus or his wife professed the true faith, as some have imagined. (Dion Cass. Ixxvi. 3, 6, Ixxvii. 1.) [W. R.]

EVIPPE (EuforTTTj), the name of five mytholo­ gical personages, concerning whom nothing of in­ terest is related. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 5; Paus. ix. 34. § 5 ; Parthen, Erot. 3; Eratosth. Catast* 18; Ov. Met. v. 303.) [L. S.]

EVIPPUS (Erfimros). 1. A son of Thestius and Eurythemis, who, together with his brothers, was killed by Meleager. ( Apollod. i. 7. § 10, 8. § 3.)

2. A son of Megareus, who was killed by the Cithaeronean lion. (Paus. i. 41. § 4.) There are two other mythical personages of this name* (Horn. II. xvi. 417; Steph. Byz. s. v. 3A\d€av8a.) [L.S.]

EULAEUS (EwAcwos), an eunuch, became one of the regents of Egypt and guardians of Ptolemy Philometor on the death of Cleopatra, the mother of the latter, in b. c. 173. The young king was then 13 years old, and he is said to have been brought up in the greatest luxury and effeminacy by Eulaeus, who hoped to render his own influence permanent by the corruption and consequent weak­ ness of Ptolemy. It was Eulaeus who, by refusing the claims of Antiochus IV. (Epiphanes) to the provinces of Coele-Syria and Palestine, involved Egypt in the disastrous war with Syria in b.c. 171. (Polyb. xxviii. 16; Diod. Fragm. lib. xxx. Exc. de Leg. xviii. p. 624, de Virt. et Vit. p. 579 ; Liv. xlii. 29, xlv. 11, 12 ; App. Syr. 66; Just, xxxiv. '2.) [E.E.]

EULOGIUS. [eclogius.]

EULOGIUS, FAVO'NIUS, a rhetorician of Carthage, and a contemporary and disciple of St; Augustin. (August, de Cur. pro Mort. 11.) Under his name we possess a disputation on Cicero's Sqmnium Scipionis, which contains various discus­ sions on points of the Pythagorean doctrine of numbers. The treatise was first printed by A. Schott at the end of his Quaestiones Tullianae (Antwerp, 1613, 8vo.), and afterwards in the edition of Cicero's de Officiis, by Graevius (1688), from which it is reprinted with some improvements inOrelli's edition of Cicero, vol. v. part. 1, pp.397 —413. [L. S.]

EUMACHUS (Efyaxos). 1. A Corinthian, son of Chrysis, was one of the generals sent by the Corinthians in the winter of B. c. 431 in command of an armament to restore Evarchus, tyrant of Astacus, who had been recently expelled by the Athenians. (Thuc. ii. 33.)

2. A native of Neapolis, who, according to Athenaeus (xiii. p. 577), wrote a work entitled 'Ic-Topiou r&v irepl 'AvviSav. It is perhaps the same Eumachus of whose work entitled Uepiriyrja-is a fragment is still extant in Phlegon. (Mirab. c. 18.) [C. P. M.]

EUMAEUS (Efyaios), the famous and faithful swineherd of Odysseus, was a son of Ctesius, king of the island of Syrie; he had been carried away from his father's house by a Phoenician slave, and Phoenician sailors sold him to Laertes, the father of Odysseus. (Horn. Od. xv. 403, &c.; comp. odysseus.) [L. S.]

EUMA^RIDAS (Ei^apfSas), of Paros, a Py­thagorean philosopher, who is mentioned by lam-blichus ( Vit. PytJi. 36); but it is uncertain whether the reading is correct, and whether we ought not



to read Thymaridas, who is known as a celebrated Pythagprean. (Iambi. I. c. 23, with KiesslingV note.) [L. S.]

EUMARUS, a very ancient Greek painter of monochromes, was the first, according to Pliny, who distinguished, in painting, the male from the female, and who "dared to imitate all figures." His invention was improved upon by Simon of Cleonae, (xxxv. 8. s. 34.) Miiller (Arch. d. Kunst, § 74) supposes that the distinction was made by a difference of colouring; but Pliny's words seem rather to refer to the drawing of the figure. [P. S.]

EUMATHIUS. [eustathius, No. 5.]

EUMELUS (E^Aos), a son of Admetus and Alcestis, who went with eleven ships and warriors from Pherae, Boebe, Glaphyrae, and laolcus to Troy. He was distinguished for his excellent horses, which had once been'under the care of Apollo, and with which Eumelus would have gained the prize at the funeral games of Patroclus, if his chariot had not been broken. He was mar­ ried to Iphthima, the daughter of Icarius. (Horn. II. ii. 711, &c. 764, xxiii. 375, 536, Od. iv. 798; Strab. ix. p. 436.) There are three other mytho­ logical personages of this name. (Anton. Lib. 15, 18 ; Paus. vii. 18. § 2.) [L. S.]

EUMELUS (Efy«7Aos), one of the three sons of Parysades, King of Bosporus. After his father's death he engaged in a war for the crown with his brothers Satyrus and Prytanis, who were succes­ sively killed in battle. Eumelus reigned most prosperously for five years and five months, b. c. 309—304. (Diod. xx. 22—26; Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. pp. 282, 285.) [P. S.]

EUMELUS (E$w\os). 1. Of Corinth, the son of Amphilytus, a very ancient Epic poet, be­longed, according to some, to the Epic cycle. His name, like Eucheir, Eugrammus, &c., is significant, referring to his skill in poetry. He was of the noble house of the Bacchiadae, and flourished about the 5th Olympiad, according to Eusebius (Chron.*), who makes him contemporary with Arctinus. (Cornp. Cyril, c. Julian, i. p. 13; Clem. Alex. Strom. i. p. 144.)

Those of the poems ascribed to him, which ap­pear pretty certainly genuine, were genealogical and historical legends. To this class belonged his Co­rinthian History (Paus. ii. 1. § 1, 2. § 2, 3. § 8 ; Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. i. 148; Tzetz. Schol. ad Lycophr. 1024, comp. 174, 480), his irpovASiov es Aij\oVj from which some lines are quoted by Pau-sanias, who considered it the only genuine work 01 Eumelus (iv. 4. § 1, 33. §§ 2, 3, v. 19. § 2), and the Europia (Euseb. I.e.; Clem. Alex. Strom.'i. p. 151 ; Schol. ad Horn. II. ii. p. 121.) He also wrote Bougonia* a poem on bees, which the Greeks called frovy6vcu and fiovytvets. (Euseb. I. c.; Varro. R. JR. ii. 5. § 5, ed. Schneid.) Some writers ascribed to him a TiTa*/o/xa%ia, which also was attributed to Arctinus. (Athen. vii. p. 277, d., comp. i. p. 22, c.; Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. i. 1165.)

The cyclic poem on the return of the Greeks from Troy (voffTos) is ascribed to Eumelus by a Scho­liast on Pindar (Ol. xiii. 31), who writes the name wrongly, Eumolpus. The lines quoted by this Scho­liast are also given by Pausanias, under the name of Eumelus. (Vossius, de Hist. Graec. pp. 5, 6, ed. Westermann; Welcker, dieEpische Cyclus, p. 274.)

* A little lower, Eusebius places him again at 01. 9, but the former date seems the more correct.

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