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On this page: Eury Medon – Eurymachus – Eurymede – Eurymedon

EURYMEDON,

finder obligation by accepting money from him, or going to his house (ii. 25). [C. P. M.]

EURYMACHUS(EfyiVtaxoy), the name of four mythical personages, viz. one of the suitors of Hippodameia (Paus. vi. 21. § 6), a prince of the Phlegyes who attacked and destroyed Thebes after the death of Amphion and Zethus (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 933), a son of Theano (Paus. x. 27), and one of the suitors of Penelope. (Horn. Od. i. 399, &c., xxii. 88.) [L. S,]

EURYMACHUS (Eu/w/^xos), grandson of another Eurymachus and son of Leontiades, the Theban commander at Thermopylae, who. led his men over to Xerxes. Herodotus in his account of the father's conduct relates, that the son in after time was killed by the Plataeans, when at the head of four hundred men and occupying their city. (Herod, vii. 233.) This is, no doubt, the same event which Thucydides (ii. 1—7) records as the first overt act of the Peloponnesian war, b. c. 431. The number of men was by his account only a little more than three hundred, nor was Eury­machus the actual commander, but the enterprise had been negotiated by parties in Plataea through him, and the conduct of it would therefore no doubt be entrusted very much to him. The family was clearly one of the great aristocratical houses. Thucydides (ii. 2) calls Eurymachus " a man of the greatest power in Thebes." [A. H. C.]

EURYMEDE (Efyv^Sij), the name of two mythical personages. [glaucus ; meleager.]

EURYMEDON (Etpv^w). 1. A Cabeirus, a son of Hephaestus and Cabeiro, and a brother of Alcon. (Nonn. Dionys. xiv. 22; Cic. de Nat. Deor. iii. 21.)

2. One of the attendants of Nestor. (Horn. II. viii. 114, xi. 620.)

3. A son of Ptolemaeus, and charioteer of Aga­ memnon ; his tomb was shewn at Mycenae. (Horn. //. iv. 228; Paus. ii. 16. § 5.) There are two more mythical personages of this name. (Horn. Od. vii. 58 ; Apollod. iii. 1. § 2.) Eurymedon signifies a being ruling far and wide, and occurs as a surname of several divinities, such as Poseidon (Pind. OL viii. 31), Perseus (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1514), and Hermes. (Hesych. s. v.) [L. S.]

EURY MEDON (EOpujtteSwv), a son of Thucles, an Athenian general in the Peloponnesian war, held in its fifth year, b. c. 428, the command of sixty ships, which the Athenians, on hearing of the intestine troubles of Corcyra, and the move­ment of the Peloponnesian fleet under Alcidas and Brasidas to take advantage of them, hastily de­spatched to maintain their interest there. This, it was found, had already beer* secured by Nicostra-tus with a small squadron from Naupactus. Eury­medon, however, took the chief command; and the seven days of his stay at Corcyra were marked by the wildest cruelties inflicted by the commons on their political opponents. These were no doubt encouraged by the presence of so large an Athenian fores : how far they were personally sanctioned, or how far they could have been checked by Eury­medon, can hardly be determined. (Thuc. iii. 80, 81,85.)

In the following summer he was united with Hipponieus in command of the whole Athenian force by land, and, co-operating with a fleet under Nicias, ravaged the district of Tanagra, and ob­tained sufficient success over some Thebans and £a.nagraeans to justify a trophy. (Thuc. iii. 91.)

Ill

EURYMEDON.

At the end of this campaign, he was appointed one of the commanders of the large reinforcements destined for Sicily, and early in b. c. 425 set sail with forty ships, accompanied by his colleague Sophocles, and by Demosthenes also, in a private capacity, though allowed to use the ships for any purpose he pleased on the coast of Peloponnesus. They were ordered . to touch at Corcyra on their way, and information of the arrival^there of a Pe­loponnesian squadron made the commanders so anxious to hasten thither, that it was against their will, and only by the accident of stormy weather^ that Demosthenes contrived to execute his project of fortifying Pylos. [demosthenes.] This how­ever, once completed, had the effect of recalling the enemy from Corcyra : their sixty ships passed unnoticed by Eurymedon and Sophocles, then in Zacynthus, and made their way to Pylos,. whither on intelligence from Demosthenes, the Athenian squadron presently pursued them. Here they ap­pear to have remained till the capture of the Spar­tans in the island; and after this, proceeded to Corcyra to execute their original commission of reducing the oligarchical exiles, by whose warfare from the hill Istone the city was suffering severetyi In this they succeeded: the exiles .were driven from their fortifications, and surrendered on condi­tion of being judged at Athens, and remaining, till removal thither, in Athenian custody; while, on the other hand, by any attempt to escape they should be considered to forfeit all terms. Into such an attempt they were treacherously inveigled by their countrymen, and handed over in conse­quence by the Athenian generals to a certain and cruel death at the hands of their betrayers. This shameful proceeding was encouraged, so Thucy­dides expressly states, by the evident reluctance of Eurymedon and Sophocles to allow other hands than their own to present their prizes at Athens, while they should be away in Sicily. To Sicily they now proceeded; but their movements were presently put an end to by the general pacification effected under the influence of Hermocrates, to which the Athenian commanders themselves, with their allies, were induced to accede. For this, on their return to Athens, the people, ascribing the defeat of their ambitious schemes to corruption in their officers, condemned two of them to banish­ment, visiting Eurymedon, who perhaps had shown more reluctance than his colleagues, with the milder punishment of a fine. (Thuc. iii. 115, iv. 2—8, 13, 46—48, 65.)

Eurymedon is not known to have held any other command till his appointment at the end of b. a, 414, in conjunction with Demosthenes, to the com­mand of the second Syracusan armament. He himself was sent at once, after the receipt of Ni* cias's letter, about mid-winter, with a supply of money and the news of the intended reinforcements: in the spring he returned to meet Demosthenes at Zacynthus, Their subsequent joint proceedings belong rather to the story of his more able cok league. In the night attack on Epipolae he took a share, and united with Demosthenes in the sub? sequent representations to Nicias of the necessity for instant departure. His career was ended in the first of the two sea fights. His command was on the right wing, and while endeavouring by the extension of his line to outflank the enemyj he was, by the defeat of the Athenian centre^ cut off andl surrounded in the recess of the harbour, his

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