The Ancient Library
 

Scanned text contains errors.

On this page: Eurypylus – Eurysaces – Eurysthenes – Eurystheus – Eurytion – Eurytus

EURYSTHENES.

(xi. 841, xv. 390; comp. Apollod. iii. 10. § 8; Hygin. Fab. 97 ; Ov. Met. xiii. 357.) According $o a genealogy of the heroes of Orraenion he was a son of Hyperochus, and the father of Ormenus. (Schol. ad. Find. Ol. vii. 42.) Among the heroes of Hyria, he is mentioned as a son of Poseidon and Celaeno, and went to Libya before Cyrene who fought against the. lion that attacked his flocks, and in Libya he became connected with the Ar­ gonauts. (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1561 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 902.) He is sard to have been • married to Sterope, the daughter of Helios, by whom he became the father of Lycaon and Leu- cippus. (Schol. ad Find. Pyfh. iv. 57 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 886.) The tradition which connects him with the legends about Dionysus, is given under aesymnetes, and Eurypylus as connected .with Dionysus, dedicated a sanctuary to Soteria at Pa- trae (Paus. vii. 21. § 2), which also contained a monument of him, and where sacrifices were offered to him every year after the festival of Dionysus. (vii. 19. $$ 1, 3, ix. 41. § 1.) From Pausanias we learn that Eurypylus was called by some a son of Dexamenus, (Comp. Miiller, Orchom. p. 341, &c., 2nd edit.) .

2. A son of Poseidon and Astypalaea, was king of Cos, and was killed by Heracles who on his re­turn from Troy landed in Cos, and being taken for a pirate, was attacked by its inhabitants. (Apol­lod. ii. 7. §§ 1, 8.) According to another tradi­tion Heracles attacked the island of Cos, in order to obtain possession of Chalciope, the daughter of Eurypylus, whom 'he loved. (Schol. ad Find. Nem. iv. 40 ; comp. Horn. II. ii. 676, xiv. 250 &c., xv. 25.)

3i A son of Telephus and Astyoche, was king of Moesia or Cilicia. Eurypylus was induced by the presents which Priam sent to his mother or wife, to assist the Trojans against the Greeks. Eurypylus killed Machaon, but was himself slain by Neoptolemus. (Hygin. Fab. 112 ; Strab. xiii. p! 584 ; Paus. iii. 26.. § 7 ; Diet. Cret. iv. 14 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1697.) There are three other mythical personages of this name. (Apollod. ii. 7- § 8, i. 7. § 10, 8. § 3.) [L. S.]

EURYPYLUS (EfyiWos), is referred to as an author by Athenaeus (xi. p. 508), but is other­ wise unknown. [L. S.]

EURYSACES (Efywra'/crjy), a son of the Tela- monian Ajax and Tecmessa, was named after the broad shield of his father, (Soph. Aj. 575 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 857 ; Serv. ad Aen. i. 623 ; Philostr. Heroic. 11. 2.) An Athenian tradition related, that Eurysaces and his brother Philaeus had given up to the Athenians the island of Sa- lamis, which they had inherited from their grand­ father, and that the two brothers received in return the Attic franchise. One of the brothers then set­ tled at Brauron, and the other at Melite. Eury­ saces was honoured like his father, at Athens, with an altar. (Plut.SoZ. 10 ; Pans. i.^5. § 2,) [L.S.] . EURYSTERNOS (EfyiWpj/os), that is, the goddess with a broad chest, is a surname of Ge (Hes. TJieog. 117), under which she had a sanc­ tuary on the Crathis near Aegae in Achaia, with a very ancient statue^ (Paus. vii. 25. § 8, v. 14. §8.) [L. S.]

EURYSTHENES (Efywr0«^s), and PRO-CLES (ityo/cArjs), the twin sons of Aristodemus, were born, according to the common account before, bnt, according to the genuine Spartan

VOL. II.

113

EURYTTJS,

story, after their father's return to Peloponnesus and occupation of his allotment of Laconia. He died immediately after the birth of his children and had not even time to decide which of the two should succeed him. The mother professed to be unable to name the elder, and the Lacedae­ monians in embarrassment applied to Delphi, and were instructed to make them both kings, but give the greater honour to the elder. The difficulty thus remaining was at last removed at the suggestion of Panites, a Messenian, by watch­ ing which of the children was first washed and fed by the mother; and the first rank was accordingly given to Eurysth'enes and retained by his descend­ ants. (Herod, vi. 51, 52.) The mother's name was Argeia, and her brother Theras was, during their minority,. their joint-guardian and regent. (Herod, iv. 147.) They were married to two sis­ ters, twins like themselves, the daughters of Ther- sander, the Heracleid king of Cleonae, by name Lathria and Anaxandra, whose tombs were to be seen at Sparta in the time of Pausanias (iii. 16*. $5). The two brothers are said to have united with the son of Temenus to restore Aepytus, the son of Cresphontes, to Messenia. Otherwise, they were, according to both Pausanias and Herodotus, in continual strife, which perhaps may give a mean­ ing to the strange story related inPolyaenus (i. 10), that Procles and Temenus attacked the Eurysthei- dae then in occupation of Sparta, and were success­ ful through the good order preserved by the flute, the benefit of which on this occasion was the origin of the well-known Spartan practice. Ephorus in Strabo (viii. p. 366) states, that they maintained themselves by taking foreigners into their service, and these Clinton understands by the name Eurys- theidae; but Miiller considers it to be one of the transfers made by Ephorus in ancient times of the customs of his own. Cicero (de Div. ii. 43) tells us, that Procles died one year before his brother, and was much the more famous for his achieve­ ments, (Compare Clinton, F, //, vol. i. p. 333; Muller, Dor. i. 5.-$$ 13, 14.) [A. H. C.]

EURYSTHEUS. [heracles.]

EURYTION (Evpvriw). 1, A son of Irus and Demonassa, and a grandson of Actor, is men­tioned among the Argonauts. (Hygin, Fab. 14 ; Apollon. Rhod. i. 71.) According to others he was a son of Actor, and he is also called Eurytus. (Apollod. i. 8. § 2; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 175.) When Peleus was expelled from his dominions, he fled to Eurytion and married his daughter Anti­gone ; but in shooting at the Calydonian boar, Pe­leus inadvertently killed his father-in-law, (Apol­lod. iii. 13. § 1. &c.)

2. A centaur who took to flight during the fight of Heracles with the centaurs ; but he was after­ wards killed by Heracles in the dominions of Dex­ amenus, whose daughter Eurytion was on the point of making his wife. (Apollod. ii. 5.4, &c. ; comp. Diod. iv. 33 j Hygin. Fab. 31.) Two other mythical personages of this name are mentioned by Apollodorus (ii. 5. § 10) and Virgil, (Aen. v. 495, &c.) [L. S.]

EURYTION. [eurvfon.]

EURYTUS (Evpinos). 1, A son of Mela-neus and Stratonice (Schol. ad Soph. Track. 268), was king of Oechalia, probably the Thessalian town of this name. (Miiller, Dor. ii. 11. § 1.) He was a skilful archer and married to Antioche, by whom he became the father of lole, Iphitus,

i

Pages
About | First

112

113

114
letter/word  
volume
page #  
Search this site
Google


ancientlibrary.com
WWW
All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.
Ancient Library was developed and hosted by Tim Spalding of Isidore-of-Seville.com.