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FADILLA. -. .

was impugned. ;He was at Constantinople, engaged in this work, when the pope, Vigilius (a. d. 547), arrived, and directed him and all the other bishops who were there, about seventy.in number, to give their opinion on the " tria capitula" in writing in seven days. The answer of Facundus consisted of extracts from his unfinished work ; but as, from the haste and excitement under which it was pre­ pared, and the inaccuracy of some of its quotations, it did not satisfy its author, he afterwards finished and published his larger work, as being a more moderate and better arranged defence of the coun­ cil. Vigilius having been induced to approve of the condemnation of Ibas, Theodore, and Theodo- ret, though with a reservation of the authority of the council of Chalcedon, Facundus, with the bishops of Africa and of some other provinces, refused to have communion with him and with those who joined in the condemnation ; and being persecuted for this, he was obliged to conceal himself. During this concealment, at the request of some persons whom he does not name, he wrote his reply to Mocian, a scholasticus or pleader, who had written against the decision of the council of Chalcedon. Nothing further is known of Facundus. Two of his writings, viz. Pro Defensione Trium Capitu- lorum Libri XII.) and Contra Mocianum Liber, were published with notes by Sirmond (8vo. Paris. 1629). These works, with Sirmond's notes, are reprinted in the edition of the works of Optatus, by Philippus Priorius, and in the Bibliotheca Patrum, vol. x. ed. Lyon, A. d. 1677, and vol. xi. ed. Venice, by Gallandius, A. d. 1765. Another work of Facundus, entitled Epistola Fidei Catholicae in Defensione Trium Capi- iulorum, was first published in the Spicilegium of D'Achery (vol. iii. p. 106 of the first edition, or vol. iii. p. 307. ed. of 1723), chiefly with the view of showing that Facundus continued out of com­ munion with the Pope and the Catholic Church, and so of weakening his authority: for the Protestants had cited a passage from his Defensio Trium Capi- tulorum against the doctrine of the Real Presence. This letter is reprinted in the Bibliotheca Patrum of Gallandius. Cassiodorus {Expos, in Psalm cxxosviii. sub fin.) speaks of two books of Fa­ cundus De duabus Naturis Domini Christi. By some scholars he is thought to mean the two first books of the Defensio ;. but Fabricius thinks that he speaks of a separate work of Facundus now lost. (Facundus, works as above ; Victor Tunnu- nensis, Ckronicon ; Isidor. Hisp. De Scrip. Eccles. c. 19. ; Baronius, Annal. ad Ann* 546, 5475 and Pagius, Critic, in Baron. ; Cave, Hist. Lit. vol. L. p. 520 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. x. p. 543, and Bibl. Med. et Inf. Latin, vol. ii. p. 140, Padua, 1754 ; Galland. Biblioth. Patrum^ vol. xi., Proleg. c. 13.) [J. C. M.]

FADIA. 1. A daughter of Q. Fadius Gallus. She was fraudulently robbed of her paternal in­heritance by P. Sextilius Rufus. (Cic. de Fin. ii. 17, &c.)

2. A daughter of C. or Q. Fadius, married to the triumvir M. Antonius, at the time when he was yet a young man. She bore him several children. (Cic. Philipp. ii. 2, xiii. 10, ad Att. xvi. 11.) [L. S.]

FADILLA. 1. aurelia fadilla, a daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina. (Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 38.)

2. fadilla, a daughter of M. Aurelius and the ,

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FALCIDIUS.

younger Faustina. (Gruter, p. cclii. 8 ; Murator, p. 242. 3, p. 590. 4.)

3. junia fadilla, a descendant of M. Anto­ninus or M. Aurelius, betrothed to Maximus Caesar. (Capitolin. Maximin. jun. 1.) [ W. R.]

FADIUS, the name of a family of the munici-pium of Arpinum. Some of the members of it settled at Rome, while others remained in their native place. The Fadii appear in history about the time of Cicero, but none of them rose to any higher office than the tribuneship. The only cog­nomens that occur in the family, are gallus and rufus. The following have no surnames:—

1. C. or Q. fadius, for in one of the two pas­sages in which he is mentioned, he is called Caius, and in the other Quintus. He was a libertinus, and seems to have possessed considerable wealth, for his daughter, who was married to M. Antonius, is called a rich woman. (Cic. Philipp. ii. 2, ad Att. xvi. 11.)

2. L. fadius, was aedile in his native place of Arpinum, in B. c. 44. (Cic. ad Att. xv,x 15, 17, 20.)

3. sex. fadius, a disciple of the physician Nicon, but otherwise unknown. (Cic. ad Fam. vii. 20.) [L. S.] ^ FADUS, CUS'PIUS, a Roman eques of the time of the Emperor Claudius, After the death of King Agrippa, in a. d. 44, he was appointed by Claudius procurator of Judaea. During his admi­ nistration peace was restored in the country, and the only disturbance was created by one Teudas, who came forward with the claim of being a pro­ phet. But he and his followers were put to death by the command of Cuspius Fadus. He was suc­ ceeded in the administration of Judaea by Tiberius Alexander. (Joseph. Ant. xix. 9, xx. 5. § 1, Bell. Jud. ii. 11. § 5 ; Tac. Hist. v. 9 ; Zonar. xii. 11 ; Euseb. Hist. Eccl. ii. 11.) [L. S.]

FALACER, or, more fully, divus pater Falacer, is mentioned by Varro (de L. L.'v. 84, vii. 45) as an ancient and forgotten Italian divinity, whom Hartung (Die Rel. d. Horn. ii. p. 9) is inclined to consider to be the same as Jupiter, since falandum^ according to Festus, was the Etruscan name for "heaven." [L. S.]

FALANIUS, a Roman eques, one of the first victims of the public accusers in the reign of Tibe­ rius. He was charged, a. d. 15, with profaning the worship of Augustus Caesar, first by admitting a player of bad repute to the rites, and secondly by selling with his garden a statue of the deceased emperor. Tiberius acquitted Falanius, remarking that the gods were quite able to take care of their own honour. (Tac. Ann. i. 73 ; Dion Cass. Ivii. 24.) [W.B.D.]

P. FALCI'DIUS, tribune of the plebs in b.c. 40, was the author of the Lex Falcidia de Legatis, which remained in force in the sixth century a. d., since it was incorporated by Justinian in the In­stitutes. It is remarkable that Dion Cassius (xlviii. 33). mistakes its import. He says that the heres, if unwilling to take the hereditas, was allowed by the Falcidian law to refuse it on taking a fourth part only. But the Lex Falcidia enacted that at least a fourth of the estate or property of the testator should be secured to the heres scriptus. {Diet, of Ant. s. v. Legatum.} The Falcidius mentioned by Cicero in his speech for the Mani-lian law (19), had the praenomen Caius. He had been tribune of the people and legatus, but in

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