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FANNIUS.

of the triumviral provinces, he appointed Fango his prefect. But his title in Numidia was opposed by T. Sextius, the prefect of M. Antonius. They ap­ pealed to arms, and after mutual defeats and victo­ ries, Fango was driven into the hills that bounded the Roman province to the north-west. There, mistaking the rushing of a troop of wild buffaloes for a night attack of'Numidi'ah horse, he slew him­ self. ' (DionCass. xlviii. 22—24; Appian, B. C. v. 26.) In Cicero's epistles to Atticus (xiv. 10.), Frangones is probably a misreading for Fangones, and refers to C. Fuficius. [W. B. D.]

FANNIA. 1. A woman of Minturnae, of bad repute. C. Titinius married her, nevertheless, because she had considerable property. Soon after he repudiated her for her bad conduct, and at the same time attempted to rob her of her dowry. C. Marius, who was to decide between them, requested Titinius to restore the dowry; but when this was refused, C. Marius pronounced sentence, declaring the woman guilty of adultery, but compelling her husband to restore her dowry, because he had mar­ried the woman although he knew what she was. The woman gratefully remembered the service thus done to her, and, when-Marius, in b.c. 88, on his escape from the marshes,, came to Minturnae, Fannia received him into her house, and took care of him as well as she could. (Val. Max. viii. 2. § 3 ;-Plut. Mar. 38, who erroneously calls her hus­band Tinnius.)

2. The second wife of Helvidius Priscus. In the reign of Nero, when her husband was exiled, she accompanied him to Macedonia. In the reign of Vespasian she accompanied him a second time into exile. After the death of her husband she persuaded Herennius Senecio to write the life of Helvidius Priscus. The biographer was put to death by Domitian, and Fannia was punished for her suggestion by being sent into exile. (Plin. Epist. i. 5, vii. 19 ; Suet. Vesp. 15.) [L. S.]

FANNIA GENS, plebeian.. No members of it are mentioned in Roman - history previous to the second century b. c., and the first of them who ob­tained the consulship was C.Fannius Strabo, in b.c. 161. The only family-name which occurs in this gens under the republic is strabo: the others.are mentioned without a cognomen. There are a few coins belonging to this gens: one of them is given under critonius; another figured belo w bears on

the obverse a head of Pallas, and on the reverse Victory in a quadriga, with m. fan. c. f. [L.S.]

FANNIUS. 1. C. fannius was tribune of the people in b. c. 187- When L. Scipio Asiati-cus was sentenced to pay a large sum of money, to the treasury, the praetor, Q. Terentius Culleo, de­clared, that he would arrest and imprison Scipio, if he refused to pay the money. On that occasion C. Fannius declared in his own name and that of his colleagues (with the exception of Tib. Gracchus), that they would not hinder the praetor in carrying his threat into effect. (Liv. xxxviii. 60.) •

2. C. fannius, a Roman eques, is called afrater

FANNIUS.

germanus of Titinius, and had some transactions with C. Verres in b. c. 84. (Cic. in Verr. i. 49.)

3. M. fannius, was one of the judices in the case (Quaestio de Sicariis) of Sex. Roscius of Ameria, in b. c. 80. (Cic. pro Sex. Rose. 4; Schol. Groriov. ad Roscian. p. 427, ed. Orelli.)

4. L. fannius and L. Magius served in the army of the legate Flavius Fimbria, in the war against Mithridates, in b. c. 84 ; but they deserted and went over to Mithridates, whom they per­suaded to enter into negotiations with Sertorius in Spain, through whose assistance he might obtain the sovereignty of Asia Minor and the neighbour­ing countries. Mithridates entered into the scheme, and sent the two deserters, in b. c. 74, to Sertorius to conclude a treaty with him. Sertorius promised Mithridates Bithynia, Paphlagonia, Cappadocia, and Gallograecia, as rewards for assisting him against the Romans. Sertorius at once sent M. Varius to serve Mithridates as general, and L. Fannius and L. Magius accompanied him as his councillors. On their advice Mithridates - began his third war against the Romans. In consequence of their desertion and treachery Fannius and Magius were declared public enemies by the se­nate. We afterwards find Fannius commanding a detachment of the army of Mithridates against Lucullus. (Appian, Mithrid. 68 ; Plut. Sertor. 24; Oros. vi. 2 , Cic. in Verr.. i. 34 ; Pseudo-Ascon. in Vert-in.]). 183, ed. Orelli.)

5. C. fannius, one of the persons who signed the accusation which was brought against P. Clo- dius in b. c. 61. A few years later, b.c. 59, he was mentioned by L. Vettius as an accomplice in the alleged conspiracy against'Pompey.. (Cic. ad Att. ii. 24.) Orelli, in his Onomasticon, treats him as identical with the C. Fannius who was tribune in b.c. 59 ; but if this were correct, Cicero (/. <?.) would undoubtedly have described him as tribune. He may, however, be the same as the Fannius who was sent in b. c. 43 by M. Lepidus as legate to Sex. Pompeius, and who, at the close of the same year, was outlawed, and took refuge with Sex. Pompeius in Sicily. In b. c. 36, when Sex. Pompeius had gone to Asia, Fannius and others deserted him, and went over to M. Antonius. (Cic. Philipp. xiii. 6 ; Appian, B. C. iv. 84, v. 139.) —

6. C. fannius, tribune of the people in b. c; 59, when C. Julius Caesar and Bibulus were con­suls. Fannius allowed himself to be made use of by Bibulus in opposing the lex agraria of J. Caesar. He belonged to the party of Pompey, and in b. c. 49 he went as praetor to Sicily. The fall of Pompey in the year after seems to have brought about the fall of Fannius also. (Cic. pro Sext. 53, in Vatin. 7, ad Att.. vii. 15, viii. 15, xi. 6.)

7. fannius, one of the commanders under Cas-sius, in b.c. 42. (Appian, B. C. iv. 72.) He may be the same as the C. Fannius mentioned by Josephus (Ant. Jud. xiv. 10. § 15), who, how­ever, describes him as (TTpaTyyds vTraros, the last of which words is probably incorrect.

8. C. fannius, a contemporary of the younger Pliny, who was the author of a work on the deaths of persons executed or exiled by Nero, under the title of Eocitus Ocdsorum aut Rekgatorum. It consisted of three books, but more would have been added if Fannius had lived longer. The work seems to have been very popular at the tune, both

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