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whole family of Glaucus was exterminated before the third generation. The same story is alluded to by Pausanias (ii. 18, $ 2, viii. 7. § 4), and by Juvenal (xiii. 199). [E. H. B.] GLAUCUS (rAoifeoy). 1. Of Athens; and 2. of Nicopolis, poets of the Greek Anthology, whose epigrams seem to have been confounded together. The Anthology contains six epigrams, of which the 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 5th are simply inscribed FAay- kov, the 3rd, FAcctf/cov 'Aflrjvaiou, and the 6th, FAaiJ/cou NiKOTroAfra. From internal evidence, Ja cobs thinks that the 1st and 2nd belong to Glaucus of Nicopolis, and that the 3rd, 4th, and 5th were written by one poet, probably by Glaucus of Athens. These latter three are descriptions of works of art. Perhaps all the epigrams should be ascribed to Glaucus of Athens. (Brunck. Anal, vol. ii. pp. 347, 348 ; Jacobs, Anth. Grace, vol. iii. pp. 57, 58, vol. xiii. p. 898 ; Fabric. Bill. Graec. vol. ii. p. 122, vol. iv, p. 476.)
3. A Locrian, who is mentioned as one of the writers on cookery (dtyaprvTiKa, Athen. vii. p. 324, a., ix. p. 369, b., xii. p. 516, c., xiv. p. 661, e.; Pollux, vi. 10.)
4. Of Rhegium, sometimes mentioned merely as of Italy, wrote on the ancient poets and musicians (fftiyypafjLijid ri trepl t&v dp%aiwj> ifoiiyrQv re Kal (jLova-iKoa^Plut. de Music. 4, p. 1132, e.). Diogenes Laertius quotes statements of his respecting Empe-docles and Democritus, and says that he was contemporary with Democritus (viii. 52, ix. 38). Glaucus is also quoted in the argument to the Persae of Aeschylus. (FAaO/cos sv tois ir€p\ Attr-XwAou juuflow.) His work was also ascribed to the orator Antiphon. (Plut. Vit. X. Orat. p. 833, d.)
5. A sophist and hierophant of the Eleusinian mysteries. (Philostrat. de Sophist, ii. 20, p. 601.)
6. A writer on the geography and antiquities of Arabia, often quoted by Stephanus Byzantinus, who calls his work sometimes 'Apa&Kr) dpxo-ioXo- •yta, and sometimes 'Apa€iKd (s. v. A.1\avov9 Tea, &c.; Vossius, de Hist. Graec. pp. 443-4, ed. West- ermann.) [P. S.]
GLAUCUS (FAaufcos), of Carystus, the son of Demylos, was one of the most celebrated Grecian athletes. He was a irepioSoj'te^, having gained one Olympic, two Pythian, eight Nemean, and eight Isthmian victories in boxing. It is said that while still a boy, lie refixed a ploughshare which had dropped out of its place by the blows of his fist, without the help of a hammer. His statue at Olympia was made by glaucias of Aegina. (Miiller, Aeginet. iii. 4. p. 103; Krause, Olymp. p. 292.) [P. S.]
GLAUCUS (FAau/cos), artists. 1. Of Chios, a statuary in metal, distinguished as the inventor of the art of soldering metals (/coAAijcris). His most noted work was an iron base (^iroKpTjrTjpiSio^ Herod.; vir6drjfji.a9 Pans.), which, with the silver bowl it supported, was presented to the temple at Delphi by Alyattes, king of Lydia. (Herod, i. 25.) This base was seen by Pausanias, who describes its construction (x. 16. § 1), and by Athenaeus (v. p. 210, b. c.), who says that it was chased with small figures of animals, insects, and plants. Perhaps it is this passage that has led Meyer (Kunst-gescMchte^ vol. ii. p. 24) and others into the mistake of explaining /cJAA?;<ns as that kind of engraving on steel which we call damascene work. There is no doubt that it means a mode of uniting metals by a solder or cement, without the help of the nails,
hooks, or dovetails (Seoy-ioQ, which were used before the invention of Glaucus. (Pausan. 1. c.; M'uller, in Bottigers Amalthea^ vol. iii. p. 25.) Plutarch also speaks of this base as very celebrated. (D& Defect. Orac. 47, p. 436, a.) The skill of Glaucus passed into a proverb, FAav/cou rexvri' (Schol. ad Plat. Phaed. p. 13, Ruhnken, pp. 381-2, Bekker.)
Stephanus Byzantinus (s. v. AlfloAT?) calls Glaucus a Samian. The fact is, that Glaucus belonged to the Samian school of art.
Glaucus is placed by Eusebius (Chron. Arm.} at 01. 22, 2 (b. c. 69i). Alyattes reigned b. c. 617 —560. But the dates are not inconsistent, for there is nothing in Herodotus to exclude the supposition that the iron base had been made some time before Alyattes sent it to Delphi.
2. Of Lemnos, a distinguished statuary (Steph. Byz. s. v. AiflcSArj), is perhaps the same as the former, for several of the Samian school of artists wrought in Lemnos.
3. Of Argos, was the statuary who, in conjunc tion with Dionysius, made the works which Smi- cythus dedicated at Olympia. Glaucus made the statues of Iphitus crowned by Ececheiria (the god dess of truces), of Amphitrite, of Poseidon, and of Vesta, which Pausanias calls "the greater offer ings-of Smicythus." Dionysius made " the lesser offerings." (Paus. v. 26. §§ 2—6. [diony- sius.] [P. S.]
GLAUCUS (FAaiwos). 1. Called by Arrian (ATiab. vii. 14) Glaucias (FAawaas), the name of the physician who attended on Hephaestion at the time of his death, b. c. 325, and who is said to have been either crucified or hanged by Alexander, for his ill success in treating him. (Plut. Alex. c. 72.)
3. Another physician of the same name, is quoted by Asclepiades Pharmacion (ap. Galen, De Compos. Medicam. sec. Loc. iv. 7, vol. xii. p. 743.), and lived in or before the first century after Christ.
4. A physician, about the end of the first cen^ tury after Christ, mentioned by Plutarch as a contemporary in his treatise De Sanitate Tuenda, \*t/fl.i,t i
GLICIA or GLY'CIAS, M. CLAUDIUS, a
freedman of P. Claudius Pulcher [claudius, No, 13], to whom he was clerk or messenger. When Claudius, after his defeat at Drepana, b. c. 249, was cited by the senate to answer for his miscon duct, and commanded to appoint a dictator, he no minated Glicia. (Suet. Tib. 2.) The appointment was, however, instantly cancelled, even before Glicia had named his master of the equites. (Fasti. Capit.) His disgrace did not prevent Glicia from appearing at the Great Games in his pretexta as if he had been really dictator* (Liv. Epit. xix.) Glicia was afterwards legatus in Corsica, to the consul C. Licinius Varus, b. c. 236, where, presuming to treat with the Corsicans without orders from the senate or the consul, he was first delivered up to the enemy as solely responsible for the treaty, and, on their refusal to punish him, was put to death at Rome. (Dion Cass. fr. 45 ; Zonar. viii. p. 400. B; Val. Max. vi. 3. 3 ; Comp. Grot, de Jur. Bell, et Pac. ii.21. § 4.) [W.B. D.] GLI'CIUS GALLUS. [gallus.] GLO'BULUS, P. SERVI'LIUS, was tribune