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(v. 19. § 1), and he is frequently seen in .vase
paintings. • [L. S.]
HED YLE ('HSiJAr;), an Iambic poetess, daughter
of Moschine the Athenian, and mother of hedylus.
She wrote a poem entitled SfcifAA?;, from which a
passage is cited by Athenaeus (vol. vii. p. 2979
HEDYLUS fHSuAos), the son of Melicertus, was a native of Samos or of Athens, and an epi grammatic poet. According to Athenaeus, he killed himself for love of a certain Glaucus. His epigrams were included in the Garland of Meleager (Prooem. 45.) Eleven of them are in the Greek Anthology (Brunck, Anal. vol. i. p. 483, vol. ii. p. 526; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. i. p. 233), but the genuineness of two of these (ix. and x.) is very doubtful. Most of his epigrams are in praise of wine, and all of them are sportive. In some he describes the dedicatory offerings in the temple of Arsinoe, among which he mentions the hydraulic organ of Ctesibius. Besides this indication of his time, we know that he was the contemporary and rival of Callimachus. He lived therefore in the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus, about the middle of the third century of our era, and is to be classed with the Alexandrian school of poets. (Athen. vii. p. 297, b., viii. p. 344, f.; Casaub. ad Athen. xi. p. 817; Pierson, ad Moerid. p. 413; Etym. Mag. s. v. dhvrdpx'ns; Callim. Epig. xxxi. in An- thol. Graec.; Strab. xiv. p. 683; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. p. 476 ; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. xiii. p. 899.) [P. S.]
HEGELEOS ('Hyeteas), a son of Tyrsenus. Either he or Archondas is said to have given the trumpet (vdXirryQ which had been invented by Tyrsenus to the Dorians, when, commanded by Temenns, they marched against Argos. Hence Athena at Argos was believed to have received from him the surname of crdfariyl-. (Paus. ii. 21. §3.) [L. S.]
HEGELOCHUS ('iMAoxos). 1. Commander of the Athenian forces, which successfully protected the fields of the Mantineians from the Theban and Thessalian cavalry, when Epaminondas threatened the city in b. c. 362. The name of the Athenian commander is not mentioned by Xenophon, but is supplied by Diodorus. (Xen. Hell. vii. 5. §§ 15— 17 ; Diod. xv. 84 ; Plut. de Glor. Ath. 2.) . 2. One of Alexander's officers, son of Hippo-stratus. At the battle of the Granicus, in b.c. 334, he led a body of cavalry which was sent forward to watch the enemy's movements. In the following year Amphotorus was appointed to command the fleet in the Hellespont, and Hegelochus was associated with him as general of the forces, with a commission to drive the Persian garrisons from the islands in the Aegean. In this he was fully successful, the islanders being themselves anxious to throw off the Persan yoke ; and he brought the news of his success to Alexander in b. c. 331, when the king was engaged in the foundation of Alexandria. In the same year he commanded a troop of horse at the battle of Arbela ; and in the confession of Philotas, in b. c. 330, he is mentioned as having died in battle. According to the statements of Philotas under the torture, on which, however, no dependence can be placed^ Hegelochus, indignant at Alexander's assumption of divine honours, had instigated Parmenion to form a plot against the king's life. (Arr. Anab.
i. 13, iii. 2, 11 ; Curt. iii. 1, iv. 4, vi. 11 ; comp. Pint. AUx. 49 ; Diod. xvii. 79.) [E. E.I
HEGELOCHUS ('H7<*Aox<*), an Athenian tragic actor, who incurred the ridicule of the comic poets, Plato, Strattis, Sannyrion, and Aristophanes, by his pronunciation of the line of Euripides (Orest. 269)—
Ec Kvnwrwv y&p avdis ad ya\^v 6p&.
The scholiasts tell us that the sudden failure of the actor's voice prevented him from indicating pro perly the synaloepha, and that thus he altered ya\yi>\ a calm, into ya\7jvr a weasel. The incident furnishes a proof that elided vowels were not com pletely dropped in pronunciation. (Aristoph. Ran. 304 ; Schol. in loc. ; Schol. in Eurip. Orest. 269.) [P. S.]
HEGEMON ('itywiw*/), of Thasos, was a comic poet of the old comedy at Athens, but was more celebrated for his parodies, of which kind of poetry he was, according to Aristotle, the inventor. He was nicknamed «£a/c77, on account of his fondness for that kind of pulse. He lived in the time of the Peloponnesian war, and was contemporary with Cratinus when the latter was an old man, and with Alcibiades. His parody of the Gigantomachia was the piece to which the Athenians were listening, when the news was brought to them in the theatre of the destruction of the expedition to Sicily, and when, in order not to betray their feelings, they remained in the theatre to the end of the performance. The only comedy of his which is mentioned is the $i\ivr)9 of which one fragment is preserved by Athenaeus, who also gives some amusing particulars respecting him. (Aristot. Poet. 2, and Ritter's note, p. 92 ; Athen. i. p, 5, b. ; iii. p. 108, e.; ix. pp. 406, 407 ; xv. pp. 698, 699; Meineke, Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. pp. 214, 215 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. ii. p. 448.)
2. An Athenian orator of the time of Demosthenes, and one of those who were induced by the bribes of Philip to support the Macedonian party. He was capitally accused by Aristogeiton, and at last shared the fate of Phocion. According to Syrianus, he was one of those orators who attained to eminence by practice, without having studied the art of rhetoric. (Dem. adv. Aristoa. i. p. 784 ; Pseud. Aeschin. Epist. xii. ; Liban. i. p. 471, b. ; Harpocrat. s. v. ; Plut. Phocion, 33, 35.)
3. An epic poet, who celebrated in verse the exploits of the Thebans under Epaminondas in the campaign of Leuctra. (Steph. Byz. s. v. * Speta). Aelian quotes Hegemon ev rots
HEGEMON ('Hye/j.ui'), an epigrammatic poet, one epigram of whose is in the Vatican MS. of the Greek Anthology (p. 274)". Nothing more is known of him. (Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. xiii. pp. 649, 900.) [P.S.]
HEGEMONE ('Jtye^r?), that is, the leader or ruler, is the name of one of the Athenian Charites. When the Athenian ephebi took their civic oath, they invoked Hegemone. (Pollux, viii. 106 ; Paus. ix. 35. § 1.) Hegemone occurs also as a surname of Artemis at Sparta, and in Arcadia. (Paus. iii. 14. §6, viii. 36. § 7, 47. § 4 ; Callim. Hymn, in Dian. 227 ; Polyaen. viii. 52.) [L. S.]
HEGESANDER ('Hyifreu/Spos), a Greek writer, and a citizen of Delphi. Besides an historical work, called " Commentaries'" (vTro^^aTa), which