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Idas and Lynceus. The latter, whose eyes were so keen that he could see through every tiling, discovered Castor through the trunk of the oak, and pointed him out to Idas, who killed him. Poly-deuces, in order to avenge his brother, pursued Ahem and ran Lynceus through with his spear. Idas, in return, struck Polydeuces with a stone so Mdlently, that he fell and fainted ; whereupon Zeus dew Mas with a flash of lightning. (Apollod. iii. 11. § 2; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511, 549 ; Ov. Fast. v. 700, &c.) This fight between the Aphareidae and the Dioscuri, which is placed by some writers in Messenia, by others in Laconia, and by Ovid in the neighbourhood of Aphidna, is related, with sundry variations, by Theocritus (xxii. 137, &c.), Pindar (Nem. x. 60, &c. ; comp. Paus. iv. 2. § 4, 13. § 1), and Hyginus (Fab. 80). The tomb of the Aphareidae was shown at Sparta as late as the time^fPausanias (iii. 13. § 1), who, however, thinks that in reality they had been buried in Messenia, where the fight had taken place. They were represented in a painting, together with their father Aphareus, in a temple at Messene. (Paus. iv. 31, $ 9.) Idas alone was represented on the chest of Cypselus in the act of leading Marpessa out of the temple of Apollo, who had carried her off. (Paus. v. 18. § 1.)
IDATIUS, IDA'CIUS, or ITHA'CIUS, not to mention sundry other variations of the MSS., a native of Limica, in Gallicia, flourished during the latter half of the fifth century, was in all probability an ecclesiastic, and is known to us as the author of a Chronicum arranged according to the succession of- emperors, which commences A. d. 379, the point where Hieronymus breaks off, and extends down to A. d. 469, thus embracing a period of ninety years. In addition to the mere enumeration of names and dates, a short account of the principal occurrences is inserted, referring chiefly to Spanish affairs, and from A. d. 427 Idatius advances his own personal testimony to the truth of the events recorded. He seems to have executed his task with much care, and although a few errors have been detected here and there, the compilation must be regarded as a valuable repertory of naked historical facts.
The greater portion of this Chronicle was printed in the Antiquae Lectiones of Canisius, 4to. 1601, and in the first edition of the Thesaurus Temporum pf J. J. Scaliger, fol. Lug, Bat. 1606, bat it was first published in a complete form, from an ancient MS., by Sinnond, Paris, 1619 (Opera, fol. Venet. 1728, vol. ii. p. 228), and will be found in the second edition of Scaliger's Thesaurus^ fol. Amst. 1658 ; in the Bibliotheca Max. Pair. Lug. Bat. 1677, vol. vii. p. 1231; in the Bibliotheca Patrum of Galland, vol. x. p. 323; in the Vett. Lot. Script. Chron. of Roncalli, Patav. 1787 ; and in the Chronica Medii Aevi of Rosier, Tubing. 1798.
Sirmond found in his MS. immediately after the Ckronicum a set of fasti, exhibiting a complete catalogue of the Roman consuls from the institution of the office, in the year of the city 245, down to a. d. 468, together with a few notices of the most remarkable transactions of the fourth and fifth centuries—a production which, from some resemblance in style, he supposed to belong also to Idatius; but <
this conclusion, although acquiesced in by Roncalli, is not generally admitted.
These Fasti Consulares, Descriptio Consulum, or Fasti Idatiani) were first published by Sirmond along with the Chronicle, but in a more perfect shape by Labbe, in his Nova Bibliotheca MSS. fol. Paris, 1658, and will be found in the Bibliotheca, Max. Patrum9 in the Bibliotheca Patrum, of G;tl- land, in the Venice edition of Sirmond, in Roncalli, and in Rosier, as referred to above, and also in Thesaurus Antiquitatum Romanarum of Graeviiis, vol. xi. p. 246. (See the dissertations of Roncalli and of Rosier, of which the substance is given by B'ahr. Geschichte der Rom. Litterat. Suppl. Band. §45.) [W. R.]
IDE (*'l8r/). 1. A daughter of Melissus and Amaltheia, and sister of Adrasteia, one of the Idaean nymphs, to whom Rhea entrusted the infant Zeus to be educated. (Apollod. i. 1. § 6.) She was represented, with other nymphs, on the altar of Athena Alea at Tegea. (Paus. viii. 47, § 2.)
3. A daughter of Corybas, by whom Lycastus, the son of Rhadamahthys, became the father of Minos. (Diod. iv. 60.)
4. A nymph by whom Hyrtacus became'the father of Nisus. (Virg. Aen. ix. 177.) [L. S.]
IDMON (Vl6>cw), a son of Apollo and Asteria, the daughter of Coronus (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 139), or, according to others, of Apollo, by An- tianeira, of Ampycus, or of Apollo and Cyrene. (Orph. Arg. 185, &c., 721; Apollon. Rhod. i. 139, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 14; comp. Val. Flacc. i. 228.) He was one of the soothsayers who accom panied the Argonauts: his name signifies "the knowing," and has been considered to be a mere epithet of Thestor or Mopsus. (Schol. ad Apctton. Rhod. i. 139.) He joined the expedition of the Argonauts, although he knew beforehand that death awaited him. He was killed in the country of the Mariandynians by a boar or a serpent; or, according tp others, he died of a disease. (Apollod. i. 9. § 23 ; Apollon. Rhod. i. 140, 443, ii. 815, &c.; Val. Flacc. v. 2, &c.) The Megarians and Boeotians who were to found Heracleia, were com manded by Apollo to build the town round the tomb of the hero, and to worship him as the pro tector of the place. (Apollon. Rhod. ii. 846, &c.) There are three other mythical personages of the name of Idmon. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 5; Ov. Met. vi. 8, 138 ; Stat. Theb. iii. 389.) [L. S.]
IDOMENEUS ('ISojieei/eus), a son of Deucalion, and grandson of Minos and Pasiphae ; and hence he traced his pedigree to Zeus and Helios. He was a man of great beauty, and is mentioned among the suitors of Helen. (Horn. H. xiii. 450, &c., Od. xix. 181 ; Paus. v. 25. § 5; Apollod. iii. 3. § 1 ; Diet. Cret. i. 1; Hygin. Fab. 81.) He is sometimes called Lyctius or Cnosius, from the Cretan towns of Lyctus and Cnosus. (Virg. Aen. iii. 400; Diod. v. 79.) In conjunction with Meri-ones, the son of his half-brother Molus, he led the Cretans in 8.0 ships against Troy, and was one of the bravest heroes in the Trojan war. He offered to fight with Hector, and distinguished himself especially in the battle near the ships, where he slew several Trojans. (Horn. II. ii. 645, &c., iii. 230, iv. 251, v. 43, vii. 165, xiii. 361, &c., xvi. 345.) Philostratus (Her. 7) even relates that while