The Ancient Library

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On this page: Ilus – Imbramus – Imbrasia – Imbrasus – Imbrex – Imbrius Ov – Imenarete – Immaradus – Imperator – Imperiosus – Inachia – Inachus


ILUS fIXos). 1. A son of Dardanus by Bateia, the daughter of Teucer. Ilus died without issue, and left his kingdom to his brother, Erichthonius. (Apollod* iii. 12. §1, &c.)

2. A son of Tros, and grandson of Erichthonius. His mother was Calirrhoe, and being a great-grandson of Dardanus, he is called Dardanides. (Horn. II. xi. 372.) He was a brother of Assa-racus, Ganymedes, and Cleopatra, and married to Eurydice, the daughter of Adrastus, by whom he became the father of Laomedon, so that he was the grandfather of Priam. (Apollod. iii. 1. §§ 1—3; Horn. H. xx. 232, &c.) He was believed to be the founder of Troy (Ilion), concerning which the fol­lowing story is related. Once Ilus went to Phry-gia, and there won the prize as a wrestler in the games which the king of Phrygia celebrated. The prize consisted of 50 youths and 50 maidens; and the king, in pursuance of an oracle, at the same time gave him a cow of different colours, re­questing Ilus to build a town on the spot where that cow should lie down. Ilus accordingly fol­lowed the cow until she laid down at the foot of the Phrygian hill Ate. (Steph. Byz. s. v. lAio*/; Hesych. s. v. "'ArdtoQos ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph, 29, who gives the story somewhat differently.) There Ilus accordingly built Ilion; and after having prayed to Zeus to send him a sign, he found on the next morning the palladium, a statue of three cubits in height, with its feet close together, holding a spear in its right hand, and a distaff in the left. Ilus then built a temple for the statue. (Apollod. iii. 12. § 3.) Once, when this temple was con­sumed by fire, Ilus rescued the statue, but became blind, as no one was permitted to see it; but he afterwards propitiated the goddess, and recovered his sight. (Plut. Paral. Gr. et Rom. 17.) Ilus is said to have expelled Tantalus or his son Pe-lops from Paphlagonia, for having carried off his brother Ganymedes. (Paus. ii. 22. § 4; Diod. iv. 74.) His tomb was shown in the neighbourhood of Troy. (Horn. II. x. 415, xi. 166, 372, xxiv. 349; Theocrit. xvi. 75; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1353.)

3. A son of Mermerus, and grandson of Jason and Medeia. He lived at Ephyra, between Elis and Olympia; and when Odysseus came to him to fetch the poison for his arrows, Ilus refused it, from fear of the vengeance of the Gods. (Horn. Od. i. 259, ii. 328; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1415, &c. ; Strab. viii. p. 338.) [L. S.]

IMBRAMUS ("ijuSpajuos), a surname of Hermes (Eustath. ad Dionys. Per. 524; Steph. Byz. s.v. fyigpoy), in which Welcker (Trilogie^ p. 217) re­ cognises a name of the Pelasgian Hermes, who went from Attica to Lemnos, Imbros and Samothrace, and is said to have been identical with Himerus. He is seen on a coin of Imbros, with a patera and a knotty staff. [L. S.]

IMBRASIA ('I/^Spao-ia), a surname of Artemis (Callim. Hymn, in Dian. 228), and of Hera, was derived from the river Imbrasus, in Samos, on which the goddess was believed to have been born. (Apol- lon. Rhod. i. 187; Paus. vii. 4. § 4.) [L. S.]

IMBRASUS ("Inepcuros) is, according to Eu- stathius (ad Horn. p. 985), identical with Imbra- inus, the surname of Hermes; but it occurs also as the name of three mythical personages. (Horn. II. iv. 520; Virg. Acn. x. 123, xii. 343; Athen. vti. p. 283.) . [L. S.]

IMBREX, C. LICI'NIUS, an ancient Latin



comic poet, quoted by Gellius and Festus, of whose plays only one is expressly mentioned, namely, " Neaera." .Vulcatius Sedigitus assigned him the fourth place in the list of Latin comic poets. (Fes­tus, s. vv. Imbrex, Obstitum ; Gell. xiii. 22, xv.24.) Vossius conjectured (De Poetis Latinis, p. 5) that this Licinius Imbrex is the same as the Licinius Tegula mentioned by Livy [tegula], because imbrex is a species of tegula, but Festus gives the praenomen. of Caius to the former, and Livy that of Publius to the latter.

IMBRIUS OVepzos), a son of Mentor, and husband of Mendesicaste, a daughter of Priam, was slain by Teucer in the Trojan war. (Horn. //.xiii. 171, &c.; Paus. x. 25. § 2; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 926.) Imbrius occurs also as a surname of Eetion, the friend of Lycaon. (Horn. //. xxi. 43.) [L. S.J

IMENARETE. [elephenor.]

IMMARADUS (>,uc{pa5os), a son of Eu-molpus, and commander of the Eleusinians, slain by Erectheus. (Paus. i. 5. § 2, 27. § 5.) [L. S.J

IMPERATOR, a surname of Jupiter at Prae-neste. After the conquest of that town in b. c. 376, T. Quinctius brought his statue to the capitol at Rome, where it was placed between the chapels of Jupiter and Minerva. (Liv. vi. 29.) According to Cicero (in Verr. iv. 57), he was identical with Jupiter Urius (i. e. the sender of favourable wind), of the Greeks. (Comp. the commentat. on Cicero, and Buttmann's Leocilog. vol. ii. p. 34.) [L. S.J

IMPERIOSUS, a surname of three members of the Manlia gens,—L. Manlius Capitolinus Imperio-sus, dictator in b. c. 363, Cn. Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus, consul in 359 and 357 [capitolinus, Nos. 8, 9, p. 605], and T. Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus, dictator for the first time in 353.


INACHIA, f I'NACHIS, INACHIO'NE ('Iraxefoj, 'Irax"^??), frequently occur as surnames of lo, the daughter of Inachus. (Virg. Georg. iii. 153; Ov. Fast. iii. 658, Met. ix. 686; Aeschyl. Prom. 591; Callim. Hymn, in Dian. 254.) Epa- phus, a grandson of Inachus, bears the same sur­ name (Ov. Met. i. 753); and so also Perseus, merely because he was born at Argos, the city of Inachus. (Ov. Met. iv. 719.) [L. S.]

INACHUS ("Ivaxos), a river god and king of Argos, is described as a son of Oceanus and Tethys. By a Melian nymph, a daughter of Oceanus, or, according to others, by his sister Argeia, he became the father of Phoroneus and Aegialeus, to whom others add lo, Argos Panoptes, and Phegeus or Pegeus. (Apollod. ii. 1. §§ 1, 3 ; Hygin. Fab. 143, 145 ; Tzetz. ad Lymph. 177; Schol. ad Eurip. Or. 920, 1239 ; Ov. Met. i. 583, &c., 640, &c., Amor. iii. 6, 25 ; Serv. ad Virg. Georg. iii. 153.) Inachus is the most ancient god or hero of Argos. The river Inachus is said to have received its name from the fact of Inachus throwing himself into it, at the time when Zeus, enraged at the reproaches which Inachus made on account of the treatment of lo, sent a fury to pursue him. (Plut. de Fluv. 18.) The river had before borne the name of Car-manor or Haliacmon ; and as Inachus was the first ruler and priest at Argos, the country is frequently called the land of Inachus. (Eurip. Or. 932 ; Dio­nys. i. 25 ; Hygin. Fab. 143.) In the dis­pute between Poseidon and Hera about the pos­session of Argos, Inachus decided in favour of Hera, and hence it was said that Poseidon deprived

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