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On this page: Lampetia – Lampido – Lampon – Lamprias – Lampridius Aelius – Lamprocles

LAMPRIAS

reward several provinces, and an annual tribute of 4000 pieces of gold. Stilicho, who had been carrying on intrigues with Alaric, to the disad­ vantage of Rome, proposed in the senate to accept those conditions, since the troubles by which Gaul was then shaken could not be quelled without the aid of the Goths. But Lampadius boldly rose, and, using the words of Cicero, " Non est ista pax, sed pactio servitutis P violently opposed the conclusion of such a degrading convention. The motion of Stilicho was nevertheless carried by the timid senate, and Lampadius was com­ pelled to take sanctuary in a church. Lampa­ dius had a brother, Theodoras, who is likewise favourably spoken of. (Zosim. pp. 335, 336, ed. Oxford, 1679.) [W. P.]

LAMPETIA (Aa^TrgT^), a daughter of Helios by the nymph Neaera. After her birth she and her sister Phaetusa were carried to Sicily, in order there to watch over the herds of their father. Some call Lampetia a sister of Phaeton. (Horn. Od. xii. 132, &c., 374, &c.; Propert. iii. 12, 29 ; Hygin. Fab. 154 ; Ov. Met. ii 349.) [L. S.J

LAMPIDO,or LA'MPITO. [leotychides.]

LAMPON (Aa/ATTcov). 1. A native of Aegina, son of Pytheas [pytheas], mentioned by Hero­dotus (ix. 78) as having urged Pausanias after the battle of Plataea to avenge the death of Leonidas by insulting and mutilating the corpse of Mar-donius.

2. An Athenian, a celebrated soothsayer and interpreter of oracles. Cratinus satirized him in his comedy entitled Apcwrer/Scs (Meineke, Fragm. Com. ii. ]. p. 42, 51). Aristophanes also alludes to him (Av. 521, 988). Plutarch (Per. 6) has a story of his foretelling the ascendancy of Pericles over Thucydides and his party. In b. c. 444, Lampon, in conjunction with-Xenocritus, led the colony which founded Thurii on the site of the ancient Sybaris. (Diod. xii. 10 ; Schol. ad Aris- topL Nub. 331, Av. 521, Pa#9 1083 ; Suidas, s. v. Sovpiofjidvreis.) The name Lampon is found amongst those who took the oaths to the treaty of peace made between the Athenians and Lacedaemonians inn. c. 421. (Thuc. v. 19,24.) Whether this was the soothsayer of that name, or not, we have no means of deciding. [C. P. M.]

M. LAMPO'NIUS, a Lueanian, was one of the principal captains of the Italians in the war of the allies with Rome, b. c. 90—88. He commanded in his native province at the breaking out of the war, since he drove P. Licinius Crassus [crassus, liciniur, No. 14] with great loss into Grumen- tum. (Front. Strat. ii. 4, 16.) In the last war with Sulla, b. c. 83—2, when the Samnites and Lucanians had become the allies of the Marian party at Rome, Lamponius was the companion of Pontius of Telesia in his. march upon the capital. After victory finally declared for Sulla at the. Col- line gate, Lamponius disappeared with the herd of fugitives. (Appian, B. C. i. 40, 41, 90, 93 ; Plut. Sull. 29 .;. Flor. iii. 21 ; Eutrop. v. 8.) 'Airdvios in Diodorus (xxxvii. Eclog. i.) is a misreading for Lamponius. [W. B. D.]

LAMPRIAS (Aa,u7rp/as), a name which occurs three times in the history of the family of Plutarch of Chaeroneia.

1. The grandfather of Plutarch. (Anton. 28; De Defect. Orac. 8, 38, 46, &c.; Sympos. i. 5, v. 5, ix. 2.)

2. A brother of Plutarch, and a follower of the

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LAMPROCLES.

Peripatetic philosophy. (Sympos. i. 2, 8, ii. 2, viii. 6.)

3. A son of Plutarch, who, according to Suidas (s. v. Aapirpias)) made a list of all his father's works. This list, which is still extant, was first published by D. Hoeschelius, from a Florentine MS., and afterwards reprinted in the Frankfort edition of Plutarch's works. It is also printed in Fabricius, Bibl. Graec. vol. v. p. 159, &c., with some additions and alterations from a Venetian MS. But this list, though it is preceded by a letter in which the author calls himself a son of Plutarch, can scarcely be the production of so near a relation and contemporary of Plutarch, for it con­tains works which are acknowledged by all to have been written many centuries later, perhaps not long before the time of Suidas. It is, however, not impossible that the titles of these spurious works may have been introduced by a later hand, and that the groundwork may really be the work of Lamprias, a son of Plutarch. (Comp. A. Schafer, Comment, de Libra Vit. Decem Orator, p. 2, &c.)

Another person of the name of Lamprias, though it is perhaps only a fictitious person, occurs in Lu- cian. (Dialog. Meretr. 3.) [L. S.J

LAMPRIDIUS AELIUS, one of the six "Scriptores Historiae Augustae" [capitolinus]. His name is prefixed to the biographies of, 1. Com-mpdtis ; 2. Antoninus Diadumenus; 3. Elagabalus, and 4. Alexander Severus ; of which the first and third are inscribed to Diocletian, the second to no one, the fourth to Constantine- In the Palatine MS. all the lives from Hadrianus down to Alex­ander Severus inclusive are attributed to Aelius Spartianus, and hence Salmasius has conjecturedj with great plausipility, that he is one and the same with Lampridius, and that the name of the author in full was Aelius Lampridius Spartianus, a sup­position in some degree confirmed by the circum­stance that Vopiscus, in referring to the writers who had preceded him, makes special mention of Trebellius Pollio, Julius Capitolinus, arid Aelius Lampridius ; but says not a word of Spartianus* Be that as it may, if we examine carefully the lives of Commodus and Diadumenus, we can scarcely avoid the conclusion that they are from the same pen with those of M. Aurelius and Ma-crinus, both of which are ascribed to Capitolinus. Again, the dedication of the Elagabalus to Diocle­tian is manifestly erroneous, for in two places (c. 2, 34) Constantine is directly addressed, and in the latter passage the author announces an intention, which he repeats in Alexander Severus (c, 64), of continuing his undertaking down to the time of Constantine. We have in a former article [CAP!--tolinus] remarked that it is impossible, in the absence of all trustworthy evidence, to assign the pieces which form this collection with any certainty to their real owners. For the editions, translations^ &c., of Lampridius, see capjtolinus. [W. R.]

LAMPROCLES (Aa^7rpoK\r)s). 1. The eldest son of Socrates. (Xen. Mem. ii. 2 ; Cobet. Prosop* XenopJi. p. 57.)

2. An Athenian dithyrambic poet and musician, from whom Athenaeus quotes a few words (xi. p. 491, c.). Plutarch mentions an improvement which he made in the musical strain called Mixo-lydian (De Music. 16,. p. 1136, e, f.). A scholiast on Plato makes him the pupil of Agathocles, and the teacher of Damon. (Schol. in Plat. Alcib. i. p. 387> Bekker.) The ode to Pallas, which is re-

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