The Ancient Library

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On this page: Laomedon – Laon – Laonicus Chalcocondyles – Laonome – Laophonte – Laothoe – Lapersae – Lapersius – Laphaes – Laphraeus – Laphria



of his, viz., Hesione or Theaneira, Cilia and Asty-oche, instead of whom others mention Aethyila, Medesicaste, and Procleia. (Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 232, 467, 921.) When Laomedon built Troy, Poseidon and Apollo, who had revolted against Zeus, were doomed to serve Laomedon for wages, and accordingly Poseidon built the walls of Troy, while Apollo attended to the king's flocks on Mount Ida. (Horn. II. xxi. 446, comp. vii. 452.) According to some, Poseidon was assisted in the building of the walls by Aeacus; and the part constructed by the latter was the weakest, where the wall might be destroyed. (Pind. Ol. viii. 41, with the Schol., and Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 1373.) Apollodorus (ii. 59) states that Poseidon and Apollo came to Laomedon of their own accord, in order to try him. When the two gods had done their work, Laomedon refused them the reward he had promised them, and expelled them from his dominions. (Horn. 77. xxi. 441, &c.; Horat. Carm. iii. 3, 21.) According to a tradition not mentioned by Homer, Poseidon punished the breach of pro­mise by send ing a marine monster into the territory of Troy, which ravaged the whole country. By the command of an oracle, the Trojans were obliged, from time to time, to sacrifice a maiden to the monster; and on one occasion it was decided by lot that Hesione, the daughter of Laomedon him­self, should be the victim. But it happened that Heracles was just returning from his expedition against the Amazons, and he promised to save the maiden, if Laomedon would give him the horses which Tros had once received from Zeus as a com­pensation for Ganymedes. Laomedon promised to give them to Heracles, but again broke his word when Heracles had killed the monster and saved Hesione. Hereupon Heracles sailed with a squadron of six ships against Troy, and killed Laomedon, with all his sons, except Podarces (Priam), and gave Hesione to Telamon. Hesione ransomed her brother Priam with her veil. (Horn. 77. v. 265, 640, &c., xxiii. 348; Schol. ad 77. xx. 145, xxi. 442 ; Apollod. ii. 5. § 9, 6. § 4; Diod. iv. 32, 49 ; Hygin. Fab. 89.) His tomb existed in the neigh­bourhood of the Scaean gate ; and it was believed that Troy would be safe so long as the tomb re­mained uninjured. (Serv. ad Aen. ii. 241; Ov. Met. xi. 696.)

There is another mythical person of the name of Laomedon (Apollod. ii. 7. § 8). [L. S.]

LAOMEDON (Aaojue'SW) of Mytilene, son of Larichus, was one of Alexander's generals, and appears to have enjoyed a high place in his con­fidence even before the death of Philip, as he was one of those banished by that monarch (together with his brother Erigyius, Ptolemy, Nearchus, and others) for taking part in the intrigues of the young prince. (Arrian. Anab. iii. 6.) After the death of Philip, Laomedon, in common with the others who had suffered on this occasion, was held by Alexander in the highest honour: he accompanied him to Asia, where, on account of his acquaintance with the Persian language, he was appointed to .the charge of the captives. (Arrian. L c.) Though his name is not afterwards mentioned during the wars of Alexander, the high consideration he en­joyed is sufficiently attested by his obtaining in the division of the provinces, after the king's death, the important government of Syria. (Diod. xviii. 3 ; Arrian. ap. PJtot. p. 69, a; Dexipp. ap. Phot. p. 64, a; Justin. xiii. 4 ; Curt. x. 10; Ap'pian. Syr.


52.; This he was still allowed to retain on the second partition at Triparadeisus, but it was not long before the provinces of Phoenicia and Coele Syria excited the cupidity of his powerful neighbour Ptolemy. The Egyptian king at first offered Lao­medon a large sum of money in exchange for his government ; but the latter having rejected his overtures, he sent Nicanor with an army to invade Syria. Laomedon was unable to offer any effectual resistance : he was made prisoner by Nicanor, and sent into Egypt, from whence, however, he ma­naged to effect his escape, and join Alcetas in Pisidia. (Arrian. ap. Phot. p. 71, b ; Diod. xviii. 39, 43 ; Appian, Syr. 52.) There can be no doubt that he took part in the subsequent contest of Alcetas, Attalus, and the other surviving partizans of Perdiccas against Antigonus, and shared in the final overthrow of that party (b. c. 320), but hia individual fate is not mentioned, [E. H. B.]

LAON (Accwy), an Athenian comic poet, who is mentioned by Stobaeus (Flor. cxxiii. 5), and of whose works a single line is preserved by Dieae- archus. ( Vit. Graec. p. 28, ed. Buttmann.) It is doubtful whether he belongs to the old or to the middle comedy. (Meineke, Hist. Grit. Com. Graec. pp. 492, 493; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. p. 452.) [P.. S.]



LAONOME (Aau>v6[ji.ij)9 the wife of Alcaeus* and mother of Amphitryo. (Paus. viii. 14 ; am- phitryo.) [L. S.]

LAOPHONTE (Aao^xW??), a daughter of Pleuron, and wife of Thestius, by whom she had Althaea and Leto. (Apollod. i. 7. § 7 ; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 146.) [L. S.]

LAOTHOE (AaofloT?), a daughter of Altes, king of the Leleges: she became by Priam the mother of Lycaon and Polydorus. (Horn. II. xxi. 85.) [L. S.]

LAPERSAE (Aanepcrai or ActTreptnot), a sur­ name of the Dioscuri, which they derived from the Attic demus of Lapersae (Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511, 1369), or, according to others, from a mountain in Laconia. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Acmepcra. ; Eustath, ad Horn, pp, 230, 295.) [L. S.]

LAPERSIUS (Acwreptnos), a surname of Zeus, derived from the Attic demus of Lapersae. (Lycoph* 1369, with the Schol.) [L. S.]

LAPHAES (Aaipctrjs), of Phlius, a statuary of the early period of Greek art. His wooden statue of Heracles at Sicyon is mentioned by Pausanias (ii. 10. $ 1), who also conjectured that the colossal wooden statue of Apollo, at Aegeira in Achaia, was the work of the same artist, from the resem­ blance in style between it and the Heracles (vii. 26. §3, or 6). [P.S.]

LAPHRAEUS (Aa<fy>aios), a surname of Apollo at Calydon. (Strab. x. p. 459, where, however, some read AaQpaios.) [L. S.}

LAPHRIA (Aa<pp(cC)f a surname of Artemis among the Calydonians, from whom the worship of the goddess was introduced at Naupactus and Patrae, in Achaia. At the latter place it was not established till the time of Augustus, but it became the occasion of a great annual festival, (Paus. iv. 31. § 6, vii. 18. § 6, &c. ; Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 1087-) The name Laphria was traced back to a hero, Laphrius, son of Castalius, who was said to have instituted her worship at Calydon. Laphria was also a surname of Athena. (Lycoph. 356.) [L. S.]

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