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LEONTIUS.

& Epiphanii is mentioned by Theodore Stiidita in his Antirrheticus Secundus, ap. Sirmond. Opera, vol. v. p. 130. (Concilia, tt. cc.; Fabric. Biblioth. Graec. vol. viii. p. 320, &c.; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i. p. 550; Oudin, De Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis, vol. i. col. 1575, &c.; Vossius, de Historids Graecis, lib. ii. c. 23; Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, vol. ii. col. 1062 ; Ada Sanctor. Jul. vol. i. p. 131.)

21. philosophus, or sophista, father of Athe-. nais, afterwards called Eudocia, wife of the em­peror Theodosius the younger. [eudocia, No. 1.]

22. Of phrygia. [No. 1.]

23. pilatus, or pylatus, a Greek of Thes-salonica, and a disciple of Barlaam. Boccacio met him at Venice and persuaded him to give up his iatention of visiting Rome, and to go to Florence, where, through Boccacio's interest, he obtained the appointment of public teacher, with a salary. He was for some time (apparently for three years) the guest of Boccacio, to whom he gave private lessons in Homer. Boccacio has given a curious descrip­tion of the person and manners of Leontius ; he ascribes to him a thorough acquaintance with Greek literature, and an inexhaustible fund of information on Grecian history, mythology, and arts. He does not appear to have written any­thing ; but Boccacio, in his Tlepl ysveaXoyias Deorum^ has repeatedly cited the remarks which he had heard Leontius make. His wandering dis­position led him to leave Florence ; and his sub­sequent history appears to be unknown. (Boccacio, De Genealog. Deor. xv. 6, 7.)

24. poeta. [No. 27.]

25. presbyter. [Nos. 5 and 26.]

26. Of st. saba. Surius has given (De Pro-batis Sanctorum Vitis, a. d. 22 Nov.), professedly from Symeon Metaphrastes, an interpolated Latin version of a life of St. Gregory of Agrigentum, by Leontius, presbyter and abbot of St. Saba. The Greek original, which is extant in MS., bears the title Aeovrfou irpevSvrepov icai Tjyov^vou rrjs juoj/rfc rov dyiov 2a£a rrjs 'Pcojuafaw iroAecos els /3tW Kal Sahara tow dfftov Tlarpos ^wv Tpyyo-piov rov 'AKpayavrivov, Leontii Presbyteri et Ab-batis Coenobii S. Sabae (urbis Romae, sc. Novae s. CPoleos) Liber de Vita et Miraculis S. Patris nofttri Gregorii Agrigentini. If the expression 6* Urbis Romae " is correctly referred to Leontius, it furnishes an argument for identifying him with Leontius of Byzantium [No. 5], who, in that case, must have embraced a monastic life in the monas­tery of St. Saba, near Jerusalem. (Surius, L c.; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. viii. p. 322; Cave, Hist. Zetf.'vol.ii. Dissert. 1. p. 12.)

27. scholastjcus, a Greek of Constantinople, author of various epigrams contained in the Antho-logia Gfaeca, among which is one Els eiKova Ta-€pirj\lov vTrdpxov €V Bv^avrly (vol. ii. p. 634, ed. Jacobs), in honour of Gabriel, who was prae-fectus urbi under the emperor Justinian I. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. p. 480, vol. vii. p. 309, note dd. and p. 327.)

28. sophista. [See No. 21.] There was a Leontius, a friend of Libanius, to whom many of his letters are addressed. See the Index in Wolf's edition of the Epistolae of Libanius.

There were various other Leontii, but none of them of sufficient importance to claim notice. A list of them may be seen in Fabricius, Bibl. Graec. vol. viii. p. 323, &c. ; and vol. xi. p. 567. [J. C. M.]

LEONTIUS, jurists. 1. In a constitution of

LEONTIUS.

Theodosius II. of a. d. 425, Leontius, a jurist, was named among other professors at Constanti­nople, and was honoured with a comitiva primi ordinis, a dignity which thenceforth was only to be acquired by 20 years' service. (Cod. Theod. 6. tit. 21. s. un.) Perhaps he was the first legal pro­fessor at Constantinople, for in former constitutions no jurist is named among the professors (Cod. Theod. 13. tit. 3. s. 16, 17): but shortly after the appointment of Leontius, a second professorship of law was added (Cod. Just. 11. tit. 18. s. un. § 1.) Of this Leontius we know no more, unless he be the same person who ten years afterwards is named in several constitutions praefect of Constantinople. (Cod. Theod. 14. tit. 16. s. 3; ib. 6. tit. 28. s. 8 ; ib. 16, tit. 5. s. ult.); this being a dignity to which we know that Themistius the sophist, and other professors of arts, sometimes aspired. (Jac. Gothofred ad Cod. Theod. 14. tit. 9. s. ,3, and vol. ii. p. 114, ed. Ritter ; Heineccius, Hist. Jur* Rom. § 380. n.; Zimmern, R. R. G. vol. i. § 69.)

2. A jurist, was the father of a jurist named Patricius, and succeeded another Patricius. All the three were probably professors of law at Berytus. (Const. AeSwKev, §9). From Cod. 1. tit. 17. s. 9, it appears that he preceded those distinguished ancestors of Anatolius, who " optimam sui memo-riam in legibus reliquerunt," by which expression Justinian probably means to refer to useful com­mentaries on the Gregorian, Hermogenian, and Theodosian Codes. In the passage cited from the Code he is mentioned with the titles u virum glo-riosissimum praefectorium consularem."

3. A jurist, perhaps of the same family with No. 2, but of subsequent date. He was the son of the jurist Eudoxius, and the father of Anatolius, professor of law at Berytus, and one of the com­pilers of the Digest. This Leontius was one of that distinguished race to whom the expression of Justinian, explained in the preceding article, ap­plies (Const. Tanta\ §£) ; and from Const. AeSw-K6j/, § 9, it may beviiifel*red: that, like his father and his son, he was professor of law at Berytus.

4. A praefectus praetorio under the emperor Anastasius, the predecessor of Justinian. (Lydus, de Magist. iii. 17.) An edict of his appears in the collection of Edicta Praefectorum. Praetorio, pub­lished by C. E. Zachariae. (Anecdota, p. 273, fol. Lips. 1843.)

5. Is the second person named in the commission of ten, who were appointed to compile the first Constitutionum Codex of Justinian. In Const. Summa Reipublicae^ § 2, he appears with the titles " vir eminentissimus, magister militum, consularis atque patricius." He was not subsequently em­ployed in the emperor's legal compilations.

6. A patronus causarum in the tribunal of the praefectus praetorio at Constantinople. He was one of the 16 commissioners appointed to compile the Digest, under the presidency of Tribonian. (Const. Tanta, § 9, Const. AcSw/csz/ § 9.) Some of the different jurists named Leontius are con­ founded by Pancirolus, de Clar. Interp. Jur. p. 63. [J. T. G.]

LEONTIUS, a physician, saint, and martyr, who was probably of Arabian origin, but born at Vicentia in Venetia, in the third century after Christ. He afterwards removed to Aquileia in Venetia, where, in company with St. Carpophorus, who was either his brother or intimate friend, he distinguished himself by his zeal in favour of

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