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3. 'A'Trop^ttra 'OjiujpiKa. (Suid. L c. ; comp. .Eustath. ad Horn. II. pp. 67, 106.) .
4. El $n\6<ro<f)os"O/j.'npos. (Suid. I.e.) o. IIpo§A.r),uaTa 'O/uifpou /cai Autrets, in two books. (Suid. I. c.) ,
6. Tlva Trapa t&s iffroplas oi ypa^ariKol ws K^, etyyovvrai. (Suid, I. c.)
7. Hep} rwv trap* 'OjLofpy iroAAa a"ri[j.aivova&v ^, in three books. (Suid. £. c.)
8. 'A.TTiKo5v \el-eujf e/e5oa-€t9, in the form of a dictionary. (Phot. Lescic. s. v. Sepcpot; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1919.)
9. Ae|€is *Avri^dxov Kal 'HpaKAeco^os. (Suid./.c.) ; 10. IIepl sQvitt&v. (Grammat. in Biblioth. Coislin. p. 597.)
. 11. 2%^Ata ets to tow 'H^cuarfot/os 67X^tpt5ior/, are still extant in MSS., and have been transcribed by the scholiast commonly printed with Hephaes-tion. (Schol. ad Hermog. p. 387.)
12. Ilepl crvv6e(T€(»}S Xoyw. (Longin. irepl fy. § 39.) .
.' 13. Texi/i7 piiropi/of, or a manual of rhetoric. (Schol. ad Hermog. p. 380.)
14. Els tt)i/ (j-riropiK-fjV 'Epnoyevovs, of which some extracts are still extant in MS. at Vienna.
. 17. IlepJ d>p-x&vi i. e. on the principles of things. (Porphyr. Fit. Plot. p. 116.) , 18. Tlepl t€\ovs, i. e. De finibus bonorum et malorum ; the excellent introduction to it is preserved in Porphyrius's life of Plotinus (p. 127).
19;. Tlepl o'piutjs, or on natural instinct. (Porphyr. Vit. Plotin. p. 120.)
20. 'ETnorroA?) irpos Tov 'AjUcAiof, on the philosophy of Plotinus. (Ruhnken, I. c. p. 43.)
21. Hep! Trjs /card Tlkdrava St/catocri/v^s, was directed against Amelius, (Ruhnken, /. c. p. 43.)
The first edition of the treatise trepl fyovs is that of Fr. Robortello, Basel, 1554, 4to. The next important edition is that of F. Portus (Geneva, 1569, 8vo.), which forms the basis of all subsequent editions until the time of Tollius. We mav, how-
ever, mention those of G. Langbaene (Oxford, 1636, ] 638, and 1650, 8vo.) and T. Fabri (Salmur. 1663, 8vo.). In 1694 there appeared the edition of Tollius, with notes, and Latin translation (Tra-ject. ad Rhen. 4to.): it was followed in the editions of Hudson (Oxford, 1710, 1718, 1730, 8vo., and Edinburgh, 1733, 12mo.), Pearce (London, 1724, 4to., 1732, 8vo., and often reprinted), and N, Morus (Leipzig, 1769-73, 8vo.). A collection of all that is extant of Longinus was published by
J. Toupius, with notes and emendations By Ruhn ken, of which three editions were printed at Oxford (1778, 1789, and 1806,"8vo.). The most recent editions are those of B. Weiske (Leipzig. 1809, 8vo.) and A. E. Egger, forming vol. i- of the Scrip- torum Graec. Nova Coliectio (Paris, 1837, 16mo.). Compare Ruhnken, Dissertatio de Vita et Scriptis Longing which is printed in Toupius and other editions of Longinus ; Sppngberg, de Commentario Dionysii Cassii Longini Trepl vfyovs Ex-positio, Up- sala, 1835, 4to. ; Westermann, Gesch. der Griech. Beredtsamk. § 98, notes 1—9. [L. S.]
LONGINUS, POMPEIUS, one of the tribunes of the praetorian troops, was deprived of his command by Nero in the suppression of Piso's conspiracy, a. d. 65. He is mentioned again as tribune, and one of Galba's friends, when the praetorian troops were deserting to Otho, a. D. 69. (Tac. Ann. xv. 71, Hist. i. 31.)
LONGUS (Ao77os), a Greek sophist, who is believed to have lived in the fourth or at the be ginning of the fifth century of our era. Concerning his history nothing is known, but it is probable that he lived after the time of Heliodorus, for there are some passages in his work which seem to be imitations of Heliodorus of Emesa. Longus is one of the erotic writers whom we meet with at the close of ancient and the beginning of middle age history. His work bears the title hoi/lwikwis rwv ko.t& &d<f)viv leal XAorjy, or in Latin, Pastoralia de Daphnide et Cldoe, and was first printed at Florence (1598, 4to), with various readings, by Columbanius. It is written in pleasing and elegant prose, but is not free from the artificial embellishments peculiar to that age. A very good edition is that of Jungermann (Hanau, 1605, 8vo.), with a Latin translation and short notes. Among the more recent editions we may mention those of B. G. L. Boden (Lips. 1777, 8vo., with a Lat. transl. and notes), Villoison (Paris, 1778, 2 vols. 8vo. and 4to., .with a very much improved text), Mitscherlich (Bipont. 1794, 8vo., printed together with the Ephesiaca of Xenophon, and a Lat. transl. of both), G. H. Schaefer (Lips. 1803, 8vo.), F. Passow (Lips. 1811,12mo., with a German transl.), and of E. Seller (Lips. 1843, 8vo.). There is an English translation of Longus by G. Thornley, London, 1657, 8vo. [L. S.]
LONGUS, L. ATI'LIUS, was one of the first three consular tribunes, elected B. c. 444. In consequence of a defect in the auspices, he and his colleagues resigned, and consuls were appointed in their stead. (Liv. iv. 7 ; Dionys. xi. 61.)
LONGUS, CA'SSIUS, praefect of the camp, whom the soldiers of Vitellius, a. d. 69, chose as one of .their leaders in the mutiny against Alienus Caecina, when he prematurely declared for Vespasian. (Tac. Hist. iii. 14.)
LONGUS, C. DUI'LIUS, consular tribune B. c. 399, with five colleagues. (Liv. v. 13; Diod. xiv. 54 ; Fasti Capitol.)
LONGUS, LUCI'LIUS, one of the most intimate friends of Tiberius, and the only one of the senators who accompanied him to Rhodes, when Augustus obliged him to withdraw from his court. On his death in A. d. 23, Tiberius honoured him, although he was a novus homo, with a censor's funeral, and other distinctions. (Tae. Ann. iv. 15.)