The Ancient Library

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On this page: Melitodes – Melius – Mella – Mellobaudes – Mellona – Melobius – Melobosis – Melpomene – Melpomenus – Melus


name is mentioned as a second title of the Book of Proverbs. From Melito's use of the term ret rrjs ira\aias 5za0n/«?s j8/£A/a, " Veteris Testament! (s. Foederis) Libri," Lardner infers that the Christian Scriptures had been already collected into a volume under the title of The New Testament. 19. An extract from the work De Incarnatione Christi, preserved by Anastasius Sinaita (Hodeg. s. Dux Viae, c. 13), and exultmgly appealed to by Cave (Hist. Lilt.} as showing Melito's orthodoxy as to the two natures of Christ. The quotation, how­ever, appears to be a summary of Melito's state­ments rather than an exact citation of his words. That Melito wrote in support of the two natures of Christ is affirmed by an anonymous writer cited by Eusebius (H. E. v. 28). It is further ob­servable that Melito extends our Lord's ministry to three years, contrary to the more general opinion of his day. 20. A very brief extract from the Oratio in Passionem, " God suffered by the right hand of Israel," is also preserved by Anastasius (ibid. c. 12). Four extracts, perhaps from the Eclogae, in an ancient MS. Catena in Genesin.

These fragments have been collected by the dili­gence of successive writers. Those preserved by Eusebius, and the Chronicon Paschale, are given by Halloix, in his Illttstr. Eccles. Orient. Script. Saec. 77. together with three of the fragments from the Catena in Genesin. These fragments from the Catena were enlarged by the diligence of Woog (Dissert. II. de Melitone) and Nicephorus (Catena in Octateuch. 2 vols. fol. Lips. 1772—3). The passages from Anastasius Sinaita are added in the Biblioth. Patrum of Galland, but he omits those from the Catena. The whole of the fragments of Melito are given in the Reliquiae Sacrae of Routh (vol. i. p. 109, &c. 8vo. Oxon. 1814, &c.), in which the extracts from the Catena are fuller than in any previous edition. The notes to this edition are very valuable.

Labbe, in his book De Scriptorib. Ecclesiast. (vol. ii. p. 87), mentions a Latin version of the Clavis of Melito, as being in his time extant in MS. in the College of Clermont, at Paris. From a transcript of this MS. (collated with another), which is among the papers of Grabe, in the Bod­leian Library at Oxford, it appears to be much interpolated, if indeed any part of it is genuine. It is a sort of vocabulary of the figurative terms of Scripture, somewhat similar to the De Formulis Spirilualis Intelligentiae of Eucherius of Lyon. Cru-sius, and after his death Woog, had intended to publish it; but it remains still in MS. Woog, in his Dissert. Secunda de Melitone, has given a sylla­bus of the Capita., and printed the first Caput as a specimen. In the MS. in the Clermont College the author is termed Melitus or Miletus. It is pos­sible that the fourth extract, given by Routh from the Catena, is from the original Clavis of Melito. (Euseb. Hieronym. Chron. PascJiale, II. cc. ; Hal­loix, I. c.; Cave, Hist. Litt. ad ann. 170, vol. i. p. 71, ed. Oxford, 1740—43 ; Tillemont, Memoires, vol. ii. p. 407, &c., p. 663, &c. ; Ceillier, Auteurs Sacris, vol. ii. p. 75, &c. ; Lardner, Credibility, pt. ii. ch. 15 ; Clericus (Le Clerc), Hist. Eccles. duor. primor. Saeculor. ad aim. 169, c. 8—10 ; Ittigius, de Haeresiarch. sect. ii. c. xi. ; Woog, Dissert. I. de Melitone; Fabric. Bill. Graec. vol. vii. p. 149, &c.; Semler, Hist. Eccles. Selecta Capita' Saec. II, c. 5 ; Diipin, Nouvelle Biblioth. des Aut. Eccles^. vol. i. pt. i. ar.d ii. 8vo. Paris, 1698 ; Gallahd,




Biblioth. Patrum, Proleg. in Vol. II. c. 24 ; Routh, Reliquiae Sacrae, I. c., Annot. in Meliton. Frag-' menta.) [J. C. M.]

MELITODES (McArrc^y), i. e. sweet as honey, occurs as a Euphemistic surname of Perse­ phone. (Theocrit. xv. 94 ; Porphyr. Antr. Nymph. p. 261.) [L. S.]

MELIUS (M^Aws), the name of two mythical personages, the one a son of Priam (Apollod. iii. 12. § 5), and the other 'is commonly called Melus. [melus.] [L. S.]


MELLOBAUDES or MALLOBAUDES, one of the Frankish kings of the time of the emperor Gratian. He becomes known to us first as an officer under the emperor Consiantius in Gaul. (Amm. Marc. xiv. 11, xv. 5.) He was after­ wards distinguished by his victory over Ma- crianus, king of the Alemanni, the date of which is unknown. (Amm. Marc. xxx. 3.) In the campaign of Gratian against the Alemanni, A. D. 37 7, he was Comes domesticorum, and shared with Nannienus the chief military command, and had a principal part in the victory of Argentaria. [gratianus, No. 2.] Mellobaudes is sometimes identified, it is difficult to say whether correctly or not, with Merobaudes, an active officer of the em­ perors Valentinian I. and Gratian. It was by his advice that on the death of Valentinian I. his son of the same name, a child of four years old, was made colleague in the empire with his brother Gratian [gratianus, No. 2], much to the dissa­ tisfaction of the latter. (Amm. Marc. xxx. 10.) Merobaudes was twice consul, a. d. 377 and 383. In the latter year he commanded the army of Gratian against the usurper Maximus, and is com­ monly charged with betraying his master [gra­ tianus, No. 2], from which charge Tillemont (Hisf. des Emp. vol. v. p. 723) defends him. At any rate he gained little by his treason, being soop put to death by Maxiraus. (Pacatus, Panegyric, ad T/teodos.) [J. C. M.]

MELLONA or MELLO'NIA, a Roman divi­ nity, who was believed to protect the honey, but is otherwise unknown. (Aug. De Civ. Dei, iv. 34; Arnob. adv. Gent. iv. 7, 8, 11.) [L. S.]

MELOBIUS (M7jA<teos), was one of the thirty tyrants established at Athens in b.c. 404,and was among those who were sent to the house of Lysiaa and Polemarchus to apprehend them and seize their property. (Xen. Hell. ii. 3. § 2 ; Lys. c. Erat. p. 121.) [E. E.]

MELOBOSIS or MELO'BOTE (Mi)\6So(ris or MijAoSoTTj), a nymph, said to have been a daughter of Oceanus. (Horn. Hymn, in Cer. 420 ; Hes. Theog. 354 ; Paus. iv. 30. § 3 ; comp. de- meter.) [L. S.]

MELPOMENE (MeArro^V??), i. e. the singing (goddess), one of the nine Muses, became after­ wards the Muse of Tragedy. (Hes. Theog. 77; comp. musae.) [L. S.]

MELPOMENUS (MeA7roV*/os), or the singer, was a surname of Dionysus at Athens, and in the Attic demos of Acharne, (Paus, i. 2. § 4, .31. §3.) [L. S.]

MELUS (Mr?Aoy). 1. A son of Manto, from whom the sanctuary of Apollo Malloeis in Lesbos was believed to have derived its name. (Steph. Byz. s, v. MaAAoets.)

2. A Delian who fled to Cihyras in Cyprus. Cinyras gave him his son Adonis as a companion,

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