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On this page: Miltiades – Mimallon – Mimas – Mimnermus



bridge and leave Dareius to his fate, is the account repeated by every writer since Herodotus ; but doubts have been raised respecting its truth which it is not easy to set aside. If true it could not have remained unknown to Dareius, and yet Mil-tiades was left in quiet possession of his principality for several years, though during that period a Persian force was engaged in military operations in his neighbourhood. Bishop Thirl wall (History ofGreece, vol. ii. Appendix 2) is inclined to look upon the story as a fabrication which was invented and spread after Miltiades came to Athens for the purpose of counteracting the odium with which he was at first regarded as a tyrant. Some time after the expedition of Dareius an inroad of the Scythians drove Miltiades from his possessions ; but after the enemy had retired the Doloncians brought him back. (Herod, vi. 40.) It appears to have been between this period and his withdrawal to Athens that Miltiades conquered and expelled the Pelas-gian inhabitants of Lemnos and Imbros and sub­jected the islands to the dominion of Attica. (Herod, vi. 137, 140.) The story of the origin of the enmity between the Athenians and. these Pe-lasgians, of the promise made by the offenders in accordance with the direction of the oracle to sur­render their islands to the Athenians, and the mode in which they attempted to elude it by offering to surrender them when a fleet should sail to them from Attica in one day with a north wind, and of the way in which Miltiades, setting out from the Chersonesus, which was in some sort Attic ground, fulfilled the seemingly impossible condition, and demanded the surrender which he had the power to enforce from those who resisted, will be found in Herodotus. Lemnos and Imbros belonged to the Persian dominions (Herod, v. 26), and Thirlwall has suggested that this encroachment on the Persian possessions was probably the cause which drew upon Miltiades the hostility of Dareius, and led him to fly from the Chersonesus when the Phoenician.fleet approached, after the subjugation of Ionia. Miltiades reached Athens in safety, but his eldest son Metiochus fell into the hands of the Persians. (Herodot. vi. 41.) At Athens Miltiades was arraigned, as being amenable to the penalties enacted against tyranny, but was acquitted. When Attica was threatened with invasion by the Persians under Datis and Arta-phernes, Miltiades was chosen one of the ten generals. According to Pausanias1 (iii. 12. § 7), it was by his advice that the Persian heralds who had come to demand earth and water were put to death. When the Athenians advanced against the Persians, Miltiades by his arguments induced the polemarch Callimachus to give the casting vote in favour of risking a battle with the enemy, the opinions of the ten generals being equally divided. Miltiades waited till his turn came, and then drew his army up in battle array on the ever memorable field of Marathon. For an account of the battle and of the tactics by which the victory was se­cured the reader is again referred to Herodotus (vi. 104, 109, &c.). After the defeat of the Persians Miltiades endeavoured to urge the Athenians to measures of retaliation, and induced them to entrust to him an armament of seventy ships, without knowing the purpose for which they were designed. He proceeded to attack the island of Paros, for the purpose of gratifying a private enmity. His attacks, however, were unsuccessful;


and after receiving a dangerous hurt iri the leg while penetrating into a sacred enclosure on some superstitious errand, he was compelled to raise the siege and return to Athens, where he was im­peached by Xanthippus for having deceived the people. His wound had turned into a gangrene, and being unable to plead his cause in person he was brought into court on a couch, his brother Tisagoras conducting his defence for him. He was condemned, but on the ground of his services to the state the penalty was commuted to a fine of fifty talents, the cost of the equipment of the ar­mament. Being unable to pay this he was thrown into prison, where he not long after died of his wound. The fine was afterwards paid by his son Cimon. (Herod, vi. 132—136 ; Plut. Cimon, p. 480, d.) After his death a separate monument was erected to his memory on the field of Marathon. (Paus. i. 15. § 3.)

3. A grandson of the preceding, the son of Cimon, of the name of Miltiades, is mentioned in the scholia on Aristides (iii. p. 515, Dindorf), and by Aeschines (de Falsa Leg. p. 301, ed. Steph.), who speaks of him as having gone as herald to the Lacedaemonians before the conclusion of the fifty years'truce. [C.P.M.]

MILTIADES, joint commander of the Pelopon- nesian fleet with Lysander and Philochares at the close of the Peloponnesian war. (Lys. adv. Era- lostli. p. 430, ed. Reiske.) [C. P. M.]

MIMALLON (MijuaAAwi/, or M<Ata\<*j/), the Macedonian name of the Bacchantes, or, according to others,, of Bacchic Amazons (Strab. x, p. 468 ; Plut. Alex. 2 ; Lycoph. 1464). The name is com­ monly connected with the verb fJn^etffBat, to imitate, because on one occasion, it is said, the Macedonians while at war with the Illyrianking Calander, added the Bacchantes to their army, in order to make it appear more numerous (Schol. ad Pers. Sat. i. 99) ; but the etymology is uncertain. Ovid (Ars Am. i. 541) uses the form Mimallonides for Mimal- lones. [L.S.]

MIMAS (Minces). 1. A Centaur. (Hes. Scut. Here. 186.)

2. A giant who is said to have been killed by Ares, or by Zeus with a flash of lightning (Apollon. Rhod. iii. 1227 ; Eurip. Ion, 215). The island of Prochy te, near Sicily, was believed to rest upon his body. (Sil. Ital. xii. 147.)

3. A son of Aeolus, king of Aeolis, and father of Hippotes. (Diod. iv. 67.)

4. A son of Amycus and Theano, was born in the same night as Paris. He was a companion of Aeneas, and slain by Mezentius. (Virg. Aen. x. 702, &c.) , • - '

5. A Bebryx, who was slain by Castor during the expedition of the Argonauts. (Apollon. Rhod. ii. 105.) [L S.]

MIMNERMUS (Mfpyqyio?), a celebrated ele­giac poet. There were various accounts as to his birthplace. Some authorities spoke of Colophon, others of Smyrna, others of Astypalaea (it is not specified which of the places of that name) as his native city. (Suidas, s. v. M^epjuj/os.) He was generally called a Colophonian (Strab. xiv. p. 643); but from a fragment of his poem entitled Nanno it appears that he was descended from those Colophonians who reconquered Smyrna from the Aeolians (Strab. xiv. p. 634), and that, strictly speaking, Smyrna was his birthplace. Mimnermua flourished from about B-c. 634 to the age of ths

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