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geteers. (Xen. Hell. vi. 2. §§ 4—23 ; Diod. xv. 46, 47; Wesseling, ad loc.; Schneider, ad Xen. HelL vi. 2. § 10 ; Rehdantz, Vitae Ipliicratis, Chabriae, TimotM, iv. § 3. Berol. 1845. [E. E.] . MNASFTHEUS. [mnesitheus.]
MNASON (M*/a<rcov). LA Phocian, a friend and disciple of Aristotle. He seems to have incurred considerable odium on account of the large number of domestic slaves whom he kept. (Athen. vi. p. 264, d. 272, b.) Whether it was this Mnason who came on an embassy to Athens, and was appealed to as a witness by Aeschines (de Falsa Leg. p. 47, ed. Steph.), we are not informed.
2. Tyrant of Elatea. He seems to have distin guished himself by his liberal patronage of the fine arts. For a picture painted by Aristeides he paid 1000 minae; and for pictures ^of the twelve gods by Asclepiodorus 300 minae for each. (Plin. H. N. xxxv. 36. § 18,21.) [C. P.M.]
MNEMARCHUS (MHuapx°*)» is the name sometimes given to the father of Pythagoras ; .but his proper name is Mnesarchus. [mnesarchus, No.l.] ; [C. P. M.]
MNEME (mpt^wj), i. e. memory, was one of the three Muses that were in early times worshipped at Ascra in Boeotia. (Paus. ix., 29. § 2.) But there seems to have also been a tradition that Mneine was the mother of the Muses, for Ovid (Met. v. 268) calls them Mnemonides; unless this be only an abridged form for the daughters of Mnemosyne. [Comp. musae.] [L. S.]
MNEMON (M??f/i«yj')v a physician of Side, in Pamphylia, who was a follower of Cleophantus, and lived in the third century b. c. (Galen, Comment, in Hippocr. " Epid. III." ii. 4, iii. 71, vol. xvii. pt. i. pp. 603, 606, 731). He is known only as one of the individuals whose name occurs in connection with the marks or characters (xapaKrypes) appended to certain medical cases in the third book of Hippocrates, " De Morbis Popularibus," of which Mnemon was by some persons-(but probably without sufficient reason) supposed to be the author. (See Littre's Hippocrates, vol. i. p. 274.) [W. A.G.]
MNEMOSYNE (M.wj/«Mrrfi>»j), i. e. memory, a daughter of Uranus, and one of the Titanides, became by Zeus the mother of the Muses. (Horn. Hymn, in Merc. 429 ,• Hes. Theog. 54, 915 ; Diod. v. 67; Orph. Hymn. 76 ; Cic. DeNat. Deor. iii. 21.) Pausanias (i. 2. § 4) mentions a statue of Mnemor syne at Athens ; and near the oracle of Trophonius she had a sacred well and a throne. (Paus. ix. 39. § 4, &c.) [L. S.] -, MNESAECHMUS (MH<ra%"o?), an Athe nian orator of the time of Demosthenes, is also called Menesaechmus. [menesaechmus.]
MNESARCHUS (Mvfaapxos). 1. The son of Euphrpn or Euthyphron,; and father of Pythagoras. He was generally believed to be not of purely Greek origin. According to some accounts, he belonged to the Tyrrhenians of Lemnos and Imbros, and is said, to have been an engraver of rings. (Clemens Alex. Strom. i. p. 300 ; Schol. ad Plat. Rep. p, 420, ed. Bekk.; Diog. Lae'rt.: viii. 1 ; Porphyr. Vit. Pyth. 1,2.) According to other accounts, the name of the father of Pythagoras was Marmacus, whose father Hippasus came from Phlius. (Paus. ii. 13 ; Diog. Lae'rt. viii. 1.)
of the Pythagorean school. (Suid. s. v. lamblich. Vit. Pyth. c. 36.) According to a notice in Photius (Cod. 259, p. 438, b. ed. Bekker), he died young.
3. A Stoic philosopher, a disciple of Panaetius. He flourished about b. c. 11 0, and appears to have been one of the most distinguished of his sect. He taught at Athens. Among his pupils was Antiochus of Ascalon. [antiochus.] (Cic. de Fin. i. 2, de Orat. i. 11, Acad. ii. 22 ; Euseb. Praep. Evang. xiv. p. 739.) [C. P. M.]
MNESICLES (WvnffiK\TJs\ one of the great Athenian artists of the age of Pericles, was the architect of the Propylaea of the Acropolis, the building of which occupied five years, b. c. 437 — 433. It is said thai, during the progress of the work, he fell from the summit of the buildingj and was supposed to be mortally injured, but was cured by an herb which Athena showed to Pericles in a dream. (Philoch. Frag. p. 55 ; Plut. Peric. 13.) Pliny relates the same story of a slave (verna) of Pericles, and mentions a celebrated statue of the same slave by Stipax, which, from its attitude, was called Splanchnoptes. (Plin. H. N. xxii. 17. s. 20, xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 21.) [P. S.]
MNESILOCHUS (Mvr)ai\oxos), one of the thirty tyrants at Athens. (Xen. Hellen. ii. 3. §2.)
2. The father of Choerine or Choerilla, the first wife of Euripides [euripides]. He is intro^ duced by Aristophanes as one of the dramatis personae in the Thesmophoriazusae. Teleclides (as quoted by the author of the life of Euripides, published by Elmsley in his edition of the Bacchae) asserted that Mnesilochus assisted Euripides in the composition of some of his plays. (Suidas s. v.
3. Son of Euripides by his wife Choerilla. He was an actor. (Eurip. Vit.} [C. P. M.]
MNESFMACHE (M^o-tMa%^), is the name given by Apollodorus (ii. 5. § 5) to the daughter of Dexamenus, more usually called Dei'aneira. [dexamenus.] [L. S.}
MNESFMACHUS (Mvr)<riuaxos). 1. A comic poet of the Middle Comedy, according to Suidas (s. v.) and Athenaeus (vii. p. 329, d.). This is also confirmed by the titles of his pieces. Eudocia (p. 303) calls him a poet of the New Comedy. Nothing further is known respecting him. The following plays of his are mentioned :— 1. BoiJtnpts (Athen. x.*p. 417, e.; Suid.). 2. AtiaKo\os (Athen. viii. p. 359, c.). 3. 'ittttotp^os (Suidas and Athen. vii. p. 301, d. 322, e. and ix. p. 402, f. where a passage of considerable length is quoted). 4. &l\iinros. 5. 'AA/c/uaiW (Diog. Lae'rt. viii. 37). The Alcmaeon referred to in this play is supposed by Meineke to have been the Pythagorean philosopher of that name [alcmaeon], from the tenor of the lines quoted by Diogenes Laertius. 6. 'IcrOfuoviKiri (Aelian, H. A. xiii. 4). 7- $ap/ua-KOTru\v) (Schol. Arist. A ves, 471 ; according to the correction of Menagius on Diog. Lae'rt. ii. 18.) (Fabric. Bill. Ch'aec. ii. 470 ; Meineke, Hist. Crit. Com. Graec. p. 423.)
2. An historical writer, a native of Phaselis, the author of a work entitled Ata/cooyxoi, quoted by the scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, iv. 1412. The firat book, which treated of the Scythians, is also referred to by the Schol. on ii. 1015. (Vossius, de Hist. Graec. p. 471, ed. Westermann ; Fabric. BiU. Graec. ii. 470.) [C. P. M.]