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Aristion* (ibid. cc. 24, 26, pp. 180, 183), and as he lived probably after Nymphodorus (ibid. p. 180) and before Heliodorus (p. 160), he may be conjec tured to have lived in the second or first century b. c. He is probably the physician quoted by As- clepiades Pharmacion ap. Gal, De Compos. Medicam. sec. Locos, viii. 8, vol. xiii. p. 213. If, with Mead (De Numis quibusdam a Smyrnaeis in Honorem Medicorum percusis, p. 51) and Fabricius (Bibl. Graec. vol. xiii. p. 357, ed. vet.), we suppose that certain coins with the name of Pasicrates upon them, were struck in honour of this physician, we may add to the above particulars, that he was a native of Smyrna, and a follower of Erasistratus ; that his grandfather's name was Pasicrates, and his father's Capito ; and that he was brother of Meno- dorus, and father of Metrodorus. [W. A. G.]
PASIDAS or PASIADAS (Uaaidas or Ha- <na5as), an Achaean, was one of the deputies sent by the Achaeans to Ptolemy Philometor, to congra tulate him on his attaining to manhood, B. c. 170. During their stay in Egypt, they interposed their good offices to prevent the further advance of An- tiochus Epipbanes, who had invaded the country, and even threatened Alexandria itself, but without effect. (Polyb. xxviii. 10, 16.) [E. H. B.]
PASIMELUS (nafflfi7i\os\ a Corinthian, of the oligarchical party. When, in b.c. 393, the democrats in Corinth massacred many of their adversaries, who, they had reason to think, were contemplating the restoration of peace with Sparta, Pasimelus, having had some suspicion of the design, was in a gymnasium outside the city walls, with a body of young men assembled around him. With these he seized, during the tumult, the Acroco-rinthus • but the fail of the capital of one of the columns, and the adverse signs of the sacrifices, were omens which warned them to abandon their position. They were persuaded to remain in Corinth under assurances of personal safety ; but they were dissatisfied with the state of public affairs, especially with the measure which' had united Argos and Corinth, or rather had merged Corinth in Argos ; and Pasimelus therefore and Alcimenes sought a secret interview with Praxitas, the Lacedaemonian commander at Sicyon, and arranged to admit him with his forces within the long walls that connected Corinth with its port Lechaeum. This was effected, and a battle ensued, in which Praxitas defeated the Corintfhian, Boeotian, Argive, and Athenian troops (Xen. Hell. iv. 4. §§ 4, &c ; Diod. xiv. 86, 91 ; Andoc. de Pace, p. 25 ; Plat. Menex. p. 245). Pasimelus, no doubt, was one of the Corinthian exiles who returned to their city when the oligarchical party regained its ascendancy there immediately after the peace of Antalcidas, b. c. 387, and in consequence of it (Xen. Hell. v. 1. § 34) ; and he seems to have been the person through whom Euphron, having sent to Corinth for him, delivered up to the Lacedaemonians the harbour of Sicyon, in b. c. 367 (Xen. Hell. vii. 3. § 2). The language of Xenophon in this last passage is adverse to the statement made above in the article euphron, and also in Thirl-
* In the extract from Oribasius, given by Ang. Mai, in the fourth vol. of his 4t Classici Auctores e Vaticanis Codicibus editi" (Rom. 8vo. 1831), we should read vlov instead of Trare/xx, in p. 152, 1. 23, and 'Apicrrfw^ instead of 'ApriW, in p. 158, I 10.
wall's Greece, vol. v. p. 128, that Pasimelus was a1 Spartan officer commanding at Corinth. [E. E.]
PASINFCUS (Ilao-iVt/cos), a physician in "the fourth century after Christ, to whom one of St. Basil's letters is addressed. (Ep. 324, vol. Hi. p. 449, ed. Bened.) [W. A. G.]
PASION (ITaa-iW). 1. A Megarian, was one of those who were employed by Cyrus the younger in the siege of Miletus, which had continued to adhere to Tissaphernes ; and, when Cyrus commenced his expedition against his brother, in B. c. 401, Pasion joined him at Sardis Avith 700 men. At Tarsus a number of his soldiers and of those of Xenias, the Arcadian, left their standards for that of Clearchus, on the declaration of the latter, framed to induce the Greeks not to abandon the enterprise, that he would stand by them and share their fortunes in spite of the obligations he was under to Cyrus. The prince afterwards permitted Clearchns to retain the troops in question, and it was from offence at this, as usually supposed, that Pasion and Xenias deserted the army at the Phoenician sea-port of Myriandrus, and sailed away for Greece with the most valuable of their effects. ; Cyrus displayed a politic forbearance on the occasion, and excited the Greeks to greater alacrity in his cause, by declining to pursue the fugitives, or to detain their wives and children, who were in safe keeping in his garrison at Tralles. (Xen. Anab. i. 1. § 6, 2. §3,3. §7, 4. §§7—9.)
2. A wealthy banker at Athens, was originally a slave of Antisthenes and Archestratus, who were also bankers. In their service he displayed great fidelity as well as aptitude for business, and was manumitted as a reward. (Dem. pro Phorm. pp. 957, 958.) Hereupon he appears to have set up a banking concern on his own account, by which, together with a shield manufactory, he greatly enriched himself, while he continued all along to preserve his old character for integrity, and his credit stood high throughout Greece. (Dem. pro Phorm. I. c., c. Tim. p. 1198, c. Polycl. p. 1224, c. Callipp. p. 1243.) He did not however escape an accusation of fraudulently keeping back some money which had been entrusted to him by a foreigner from the Euxine. The plaintiff's case is stated in an oration of Isocrates (rpair^niKos), still extant. Pasion did good service to Athens with his money on several occasions. Thus we hear of his furnishing the state gratuitously with 1000 shields, together with five gallies, which he manned at his own expense. Pie was rewarded with the freedom of the city, and was enrolled in the demus of Acharnae. (Dem. pro Phorm. pp. 953, 954, 957, c. Steph. i. pp. 1110, 1127, ii. p. 1133, c. Callipp. p. 1243, c. Neaer. p. 1345.) He died at Athens in the archonship of Dyscinetus, b. c. 370, after a lingering illness, accompanied with failure of sight. (Dem. pro Phorm. p. 946, c. Steph. i. p. 1106, ii. p. 1132, c.Tim. p. 1196, c. Callipp. p. 1239.) Towards the end of his life his affairs were administered to a great extent by his freedman Phormion, to whom he let his banking shop and shield manufactory, and settled in his will that he should marry his widow Archippe, with a handsome dowry, and undertake the guardianship of his younger son Pasicles. (Dem. pro Phorm. passim, c. Steph. i. p. 1110, ii. pp. 1135—1137, c. Tim. p. 1186, c. Callipp. p. 1237.) [apollodorus, No. 1.] From the several notices of the subject in Demosthenes, we are able to form a tolerably close estimate of