The Ancient Library

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evidence. The/Jowero-CWra, as they appear in the printed-editions, are still further enlarged by the addition of prefixed narratives of the creation and the fall of man, and by the insertions of various episodes and descriptions. These Homero-Centra were first published with the Latin version of Pe-trus Candidus, 4to. Venice, 1502, in the second volume of the Collection of the ancient Christian Poets, printed by Aldus. It was reprinted 8vo. Frankfort, 1541 and 1554, by Henry Stephens, 12mo. Paris, 1578, and by Claudius Chapelet, 8vo. Paris, lb'09, with various.-other pieces. In all these editions they were given anonymously. They were afterwards inserted in the Appendix to the Bibliotheca Patrurn^ ed. fol. Paris, 1624, and in vol. xi. of the edition of the Bibliotlieca Patrum, fol. Paris, 1644, and vol. xiv. of the edition of 1654. The Latin version had appeared in the Bibliotlieca as compiled by De la Bigne, A. d. 1575. In all the editions of the Bibliotheca the Homero-Centra are ascribed to Eudocia or to Patricius Pelagius and Eudocia conjointly. They were reprinted, 12mo. Leipsic, 1793, by L. H. Teucher, who professed to have revised the text. In this edition the poem consists of two thousand three hundred and forty-three lines. (Fabric. Bibliotli.. Grace, vol. i. p. 552, £c., vol. xi. p. 706 ; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i. p. 403, ed. Oxford, 1740—43 ; Olearius, De Poetriis Graecis, c. 32, apud Wolfium, Poetriarum Octo Fragment^ 4to. Hamb. 1734, with Wolfius' notes.)

6. Of prusa. In the Ada Sanctorum of the Bollandists (Aprilis, vol. iii. Appendix, p. Ixv.) is given from a MS. in the Medicean Library at Florence, a narrative entitled Maprtipiov rov dyiov tepo^dprvpos Tlarpiiciov Hpovcrys. A Latin version is given in the body of the volume (ad diem xxviii. p. 576). Patricius was arraigned before Julius, proconsul, it may be supposed of Bithynia, who, having experienced great benefit from certain warm springs sacred to Asclepias and Hygeia, sent for him to urge upon him the proof which this circumstance afforded of the power of the gods. Patricius replied to the proconsul's argument by an exposition of the cause of warm springs, which he ascribed to sub­terranean fires destined to be hereafter the place of torment to the souls of the wicked ; and ap­pealed to the flames of Aetna as evidence of the existence of this fire. Patricius was beheaded by the proconsul's order, on the 19th of May, but in what year or reign .the record does not state. All that can be conjectured is that it was in one of the persecutions of the heathen emperors of Rome, and apparently before Diocletian fixed the seat of government at Nicomedeia, The defence of Pa­tricius of Prusa is cited by Glycas (Annal. pars i. p. 17, ed. Paris, p. 13, ed. Venice, p. 34, ed. Bonn), and at greater length by Cedrenus (Compend. p. 242, ed. Paris, vol. i. p. 425, ed. Bonn) ; but there are many discrepancies between the citation of Cedrenus and the text (c. 4, 5) given in the Ada Sanctorum. The Latin version from the Ada Sanctorum is given in Ruinarfs Ada Prim. Martyr, p. 554, &c. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. x. p. 305; Cave, Hist. Litt. ad Ann. 858 (sub norn. Patricius Ararsius), vol. ii. p. 51.)

7. petrus, the Patrician. [PsTRus.]

8. Of st. sab a. In the imperial library at Vienna is a Greek version of the works or part of the works of Isaac the Syrian, bishop of Nine­veh, who lived, according to Assemani {Btblioih. Orient, vol. iii. pars i. p. 104, ncte 3), about the



close of the sixth century, but according to Nice-phorus the editor of Isaac's Ascetica (Praef. p. vi.) in the first half of that century. The Vienna MS. bears this title : Tov ev dytots irarpds tj/h£v *A€€d 'Icraa.K 2upou kcu dyax^p^rov rov y^vo^vov ctti-ffKoiTov rfis 0iAo%piffTou TroAeces Nfz/ew Xoyoi. dfficrj-Ti/crn, eypeflevTes vtto rSiv ccricav Trarfpwi/ r}^&v rov 'Agga TlarpiKiov /cat rov 'Ag£a *A€pa/j.iov ru>v <pt\o-crofytov Kal r\ffv~xvL(n£3V tv rf) Xavpa. rov tv dyiois irarpbs r\^S>v 5a§£a, Sandi Patris nostri Abbatis Isaaci Syri d Anachoretae, quifuit Episcopus urbis Christi-amantis Nineve^ Sermones ascetid^ reperti a sandis patribus nostris Abbate Patricia et Abbute A bramio sapientiae Christianae et quieti monasiicae deditis in Laura (sive Monasterio) Sandi Patris nostri Sabbae. (Lambec. Commentar. de Bibliotlc. Caesar, vol. v. col. 158, ed. Kollar.) The MS. contains eighty-seven Sermones Ascetic^ apparently translated from the Syriac text of Isaac by Patri­cius and Abramius ; though the title of the MS, only ascribes to them the finding of the work. In other MSS. however (e. g. in several Vatican, Assemani, BibL Orient, vol. i. p. 446, and one, perhaps two, Bodleian, Nos. 256 and -295, vid. Catalog, MStorum Angliae et Hiberniae, pp. 35, 44, fol. Oxford, 1697), they are described as trans­lators. Assemani, however, observes that they translated not the whole works of Isaac, which, according to Ebed-jesu (apud Assemani, I. c.}, who has perhaps ascribed to Isaac of Nineveh the works of other Isaacs, extended to seven tomi or vo­lumes, and treated De Regimine Spiritus, de Divmis Mysteriis (comp. Germad. De Viris Illustr. c. 26), de Judiciis et de Politia, but only ninety-eight o£ his Sermones. This is the number in the Vatican MSS.; in one of the Bodleian (No. 295, Catal MStor. Angliae., p. 44) there are ninety-nine, but it is to be observed that the division, as well as the number of these Sermones^ which are also termed Aoyoj, Orationes, differs in different MSS (Ni-cephorus, /. c.). The first fifty-three, according to the arrangement of the Vienna MS., are extant in a Latin version, as one work, under the title of Isaaci Syri de Contemptu Mundi Liber; and this work, which appears in several collections of the works of the fathers, has been improperly ascribed by the respective editors of the Bibliotlieca Patrum, except Galland, to Isaac of Antioch [isaacus,, No. 5], instead of their true author Isaac of Nineveh [isaacus, No. 6J. It is to be observed, that Isaac of Nineveh was not the Isaac men­tioned by Pope Gregory the Great as visiting Italy and dying near Spoletum [isaacus, No. 6}. The Greek version of Isaac's ascetic works by Patricius and Abramius, as far as it is extant, was published by Nicephorus Theotocius, a Greek monk, by direction of Ephraim, patriarch of Jeru­salem, 4to., Leipzig, 1770. The edition contains eighty-six Aoyoi, Orationes, and four 'ETrurroXal, Epistolae, which, in the two MSS. employed by Nicephorus, were reckoned as Aoypt, making ninety altogether. These were differently divided and arranged in his MSS. He followed the division (with one exception) and the text of one MS., giving the different readings of the other, but formed an arrangement of his own, differing from both the MSS. What portion of the x seven tomi mentioned by Ebed-jesu is contained in this work cannot, from the various divisions and titles of the divisions in the MSS., be ascertained. Of the time when Patricius and

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