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PELEUS.

charged Peleus before her h asband with having made improper proposals to her, and Acastus, unwilling to stain his hand with the blood of the man whom he had hospitably received, and whom he had puri­fied from his guilt, took him to mount Pelion, where they hunted wild beasts ; and when Peleus, overcome with fatigue, had fallen asleep, Acastus left him alone, and concealed his sword, that he might be destroyed by the wild beasts. When Peleus awoke and sought his sword, he was at­tacked by Centaurs, but was saved by Cheiron, who also restored to him his sword. (Apollod. iii. 13. § 3.) To this account there are some modifications, for instead of Astydameia, Pindar (Nem. iv. 92, v. 46 ; comp. Schol, ad Apollon. Khod. i. 224, ad Aristoph. Nub. 1059 ; Horat. Carm. iii. 7. 18) mentions Hippolyte, the daughter of Cretheus, and others relate that after Acastus had concealed the sword of Peleus, Cheiron or Hermes brought him another one, which had been made by He­phaestus. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 204 ; Aristoph. Nub. 1055.)

While on mount Pelion, Peleus married the Nereid Thetis, by whom he became the father of Achilles, though some regarded this Thetis as different from the marine divinity, and called her a daughter of Cheiron. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 558 ; comp. thetis.) The gods took part in the mar­riage solemnity, and Cheiron presented Peleus with a lance (Horn. //. xvi. 143, xxiv. 61, &c., which, however, according to Pindar, Nem. iii. 56, Peleus made for himself), Poseidon with the immortal horses, Balius and Xanthus, and the other gods with arms. (Apollod. iii. 13. § 5 ; Horn. //. xvi. 381, xvii. 443, xviii. 84.) According to some, his immortal wife soon left him, though Homer knows nothing of it (77. xviii. 86, 332, 441), for once, as he observed her at night while she held the infant Achilles over a fire or in a cauldron of boiling water, in order to destroy in him those parts which he had inherited from his father, and which were mortal, Peleus was terror-struck, and screamed so loud that she was pre­vented from completing her work. She therefore quitted his house, arid returned to her sisters, the Nereides ; but Peleus, or, according to others, Thetis herself (Orph. Argon. 385), took the boy Achilles to Cheiron, who brought him up. (Apollod. iii. 13. § 6.) Homer mentions only Achilles as the son of Peleus and Thetis, but later writers state that she had already destroyed by fire six children, of whom she was the mother by Peleus, and that as she attempted the same with Achilles, her seventh child, she was prevented by Peleus. (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 816 ; Lycoph. 178 ; Ptolem. Hephaest. 6.) After this Peleus, who is also men­tioned among the Argonauts, in conjunction with Jason and the Dioscuri, besieged Acastus at lol-cus, slew Astydameia, and over the scattered limbs of her body led his warriors into the city. (Apollod. iii. 13. § 7; comp. i. 9. $ 16 ; Apollon. Rhod. i. 91 ; Orph. Argon. 130 ; Hygin. Fab. 14.) Some state that from mount Pelion Peleus, without an army, immediately returned to lolcus, slew Acas­tus and his wife (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 224 ; Pind. Nem. iii. 59), and annexed lolcus to Hae-monia. (Thessaly ; Pind. Nem. iv. 91.) Respect­ing the feud between Peleus and Acastus, the legends present great differences. Thus we are told, for example, that Acastus, or his sons, Ar-ehander and Architeles, expelled Peleus from his

PELIAS.

kingdom of Phthia (Eurip. Troad. 1127, with the

Schol.), or that the flocks which had been givon

by Peleus to Acastus, as an indemnification for

the murder of his son Actor, were destroyed by a

wolf, who was forthwith changed by Thetis into a

stone (Tzetz. ad Lye. 175, 901), or that Peleus,

being abandoned during the chase by Acastus, was

kindly received by Cheiron, and having acquired

the possession of flocks, he took them to Irus,

as an atonement for his son Eurytion, whom he

had killed. But Irus refusing to accept them,

Peleus allowed them to wander about without

superintending shepherds, until they were attacked

by a wolf. (Anton. Lib. 38.) This wolf was sent

by Psamathe, to avenge the murder of Phocus, but

she herself afterwards, on the request of Thetis,

changed him into stone. (Tzetz. ad Lye. 175 ; Ov.

Met. xi. 351, &c., 400.) Phoenix, who had been

blinded by his own father Amyntor, and who

afterwards became the companion of Achilles, had

his sight restored to him by Cheiron, at the request

of Peleus, who also made him king of the Dolopes.

(Lycoph. 421 ; Horn. //. ix. 438, 480.) Peleus

also received in his dominion Epeigeus, son of

Agacles, and Patrocltis who had fled from his home,

and some even relate that Patroclus was the son of

Polymele, a daughter of Peleus. (Horn. //. xvi.

571, xxiii. 89 ; Apollod. iii. 13. § 8.) Peleus, who

had once joined Heracles in his expedition against

Troy (Pind. Ol. viii. 60), was too old to accompany

his son Achilles against that city: he remained at

home and survived the death of his son. (Horn. 77.

xviii. 434, Od. xi. 495.) [L. S.]

PELIADES (IleA/aSes), the daughters of Pelias. (Eurip. Med. 9 ; Hygin. Fab. 24.; comp. pe­ lias.) [L. S.]

PELIAS (IleAias). 1. A son of Poseidon (or Cretheus, Hygin. Fab. 12 ; Schol. ad Theocrit. iii. 45) and Tyro. The latter, a daughter of Salmo-neus, was in love, in her youth, with the river-god Enipeus, and Poseidon assuming the appearance of Enipeus, visited her, and became by her the father of Pelias and Neleus. Afterwards she was married to Cretheus, her father's brother; she became by him the mother of Aeson, Pheres, and Amy-thaon. (Horn. Od. xi. 234, &c. ; Apoilod. i. 9. § 8 ; Hygin. Fab. 157.) Pelias and Neleus were exposed by their mother, and one of them was struck by a mare which passed by, so that his face became black, and a shepherd who found the child called him Pelias (from TreAtoco, Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1682) ; and the other child which was suckled by a she-dog, was called Neleus, and both were brought up by the shepherd. When they had grown up to manhood, they discovered who their mother was, and Pelias killed Sidero, the wife of Salmoneus and step-mother of Tyro, at the altar of Hera, because she had ill used her step-daughter Tyro. After the death of Cretheus, Pelias did not allow his step-brother Aeson to undertake the government of the kingdom, and after expelling even his own brother Neleus he ruled at lolcus (Schol. ad JBurip. Alcest. 255 ; comp. Paus. iv. 2, § 3), whereas according to others, he did not reign at lolcus till after Arson's death, and even then only as the guardian of Jason, the son of Aeson. (Schol. ad Horn. Od. xii. 70.) It is probably in allusion to his conduct towards his own brothers that Hesiod (Theog. 996) calls him vGpiffrijs. He married, according to some (Hygin. Fab» 14), Anaxibia, the daughter of Bias, and according to

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