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On this page: Phoenix – Pholus – Phorbas – Phorbenus – Phorcides – Phorcus – Phormion


only pardoned by Antigonus, but received again into favour : and in the campaign which preceded the battle of Issus (b. c. 302), we find him holding the command of Sardis, which he was, however, induced to surrender to Prepelaus, the general of Lysimachus (Id. xx. 107). This is the last time his name is mentioned.

3. The youngest son of Antigonus, king of Asia, is called by Diodorus in one passage (xx. 73), Phoenix, but it seems that this is a mistake, and that his true name was Philip. (Comp. Diod. xx. 19 ; and see Droysen, Hellenism, vol. i. p. 465.) [philippus, No. 17.] [E. H. B.]

PHOENIX (*o?i/i|), of Colophon, a choliambic poet, of unknown time, of whose poems Athenaeus preserves some fragments, the chief of which is in ridicule of the arts of certain beggars, who demanded alms in the name of a raven which they carried about on their hands. (Bode, Gesch. d. Lyr. Dichtk. vol. i. p. 337 ; Meineke, Choliamb. Poes. Grace, pp. 140—145.) [P. S.]

PHOENIX (<f>o?z/i£), a statuary, of unknown country, was the pupil of Lysippus, and therefore flourished about 01. 120, b. c. 300. He made a celebrated statue of the Olympic victor boxing, Epitherses. (Plin. //. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 20 ; Pans. vi. 15. § 3.) [P.S.J

PHOLUS (*oAos), a Centaur, a son of Seilenus and the nymph Melia, from whom Mount Pholoe, between Arcadia and Elis, was believed to have derived its name. (Apollod. ii. 5. § 4 ; Theocrit. vi. 149.) [L. S.]

PHORBAS ($o'p&xs). LA son of Lapithes and Orsinome, and a brother of Periphas. The Rhodians, in pursuance of an oracle, are said to have invited him into their island to deliver it from snakes, and afterwards to have honoured him with heroic worship. (Diod. v. 58.) From this circumstance he was called Ophiuchus, and is said by some to have been placed among the stars. (Hygin. Poet. A sir. ii. 14, who calls him a son of Triopas and Hiscilla; comp. Paus. vii. 26. §5.) According to another tradition, Phorbas went from Thessaly to Olenos, where Alector, king of Elis, made use of his assistance against Pelops, and shared his kingdom with him. Phorbas then gave his daughter Diogeneia in marriage to Alector, and he himself married Hyrmine, a sister of Alector, by whom he became the father of Augeas and Actor. (Diod. iv. 69 ; Eustath. ad Horn: p. 303 ; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 172 ; Paus. v. 1. § 8 ; Apollod. ii. 5. § 5.) He is also described as a bold boxer, and to have plundered the temple of Delphi along with the Phlegyes, but to have been defeated by Apollo. (Schol. ad Horn. II. xxiii. 660 ; Ov. Met. xi. 414, xii. 322.)

2. A son of Argos or Criasus, was a brother of Peirasus, and married to Euboea, by whom he be­came the father of Triopas, whence he seems to have been a grandson of No. 1. (Pans. ii. 16. § 1, iv. 1. §2 ; Schol. ad Eurip. Or. 920.)

3. A son of Criasus and Melantho, a brother of Ereuthalion and Cleoboea, is described as the father of Arestor. (Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 1116, Or. 920.)

4. A Lesbian, and father of Diomede, whom Achilles carried off. (Horn. II. ix. 665 ; Diet. Cret. ii. 16.)

5. An Acarnanian, who, together with Eumol-pus, went to Eleusis. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1156 ; Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 854.)



6. The father of Ilioneus. (Horn. //. xiv. 490 ; Virg. Aen. v. 842.)

7. A son of Methion of Syene, one of the com­panions of Phineus. (Ov. Met. v. 74.) [L. S.]

PHORBENUS or PHOBE'NUS, GEO'R- GIUS (Teutpyios 6 &op€7]j/6s], a Greek jurist of uncertain date. A MS. which Ducange has cited (Glossar. Med. et Infim. Graecitat. Index Auctor., col. 26), describes him as ALKai6(pv\a^ ©ecrtraAo- vik^s, " Judge at Thessalonica." He wrote two very short dissertations:—1. Tlepl u7ro£oAou, De Donatione super Nuptias ; and 2. Tlepl a7roTu%/as, De Casso. He wrote also Scholia on the Basilica, of which possibly the above dissertations may have formed part. (Allatius, De Georgiis, c. 48 ; Fabric. Bibl. Grace, vol. x. p. 721, and vol. xii. pp. 483, 564, ed. vet.) [J. C. M.]

PHORCIDES (*op^5€s), PHORCYDES, or PHORCYNIDES, that is, the daughters of Phor- cus and Ceto, or the Gorgons and Graeae. (Aeschyl. Prom. 794 ; Ov. Met. iv. 742, 774, v. 230 ; Hygin. Fab. Praef. p. 9 ; comp. gorgones and graeae.) [L. S.]

PHORCUS, PHORCYS, or PHORCYN (Qoptcos, QopKvs, &6pKvv*). 1. According to the Homeric poems, an old man ruling over the sea, or " the old man of the sea," to whom a harbour in Ithaca was dedicated. He is described as the father of the nymph Thoosa (Od. i. 71, xiii. 96, 345). Later writers call him a son of Pontus and Ge, and a brother of Thaumas, Nereus, Eurybia, and Ceto (Hes. Theog. 237 ; Apollod. i. 2. § 6). By his sister Ceto he became the father of the Graeae and Gorgones (Hes. Theog. 270, &c.), the Hesperian dragon (ibid. 333, &c.), and the Hes-perides (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1399) ; and by Hecate or Cratais, he was the father of Scylla. (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iv. 828 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1714 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 45.) Servius (ad Aen. v. 824) calls him a son of Neptune and Thoosa. (Comp. Muncker, ad Hygin. Fab. praef. p. 4.)

2. A son of Phaenops, commander of the Phry­ gians of Ascania, assisted Priam in the Trojan war, but was slain by Ajax. (Horn. //. ii. 862, xvii. 218, 312, &c.; Paus. x. 26. § 2.) [L. S.]

PHORMION (*op/uW), historical. 1. An Athenian general, the son of Asopius (or Asopi-chus, as Pausanias calls him). His family was a distinguished one. He belonged to the deme Paeania. In b. c. 440 he was one of the three generals who were sent out with reinforcements to the Athenian troops blockading Samos. In 432, after the revolt of Potidaea, he was sent out with reinforcements for the troops under Callias, and, taking the command, proceeded to blockade the city. When the circumvallation was completed he led his troops to ravage Chalcidice and Bottice. He was still here in 431, when he was joined by Perdiccas, king of Macedonia, in some operations against the Chalcidians. He left before the sum­mer of 430. Towards the close of that same year he was sent with 30 ships to assist the Acarna-nians against the Ambraciots, who had seized the Amphilochian Argos. In the succeeding winter he was sent with 20 ships to Naupactus to prevent

* The form 3?6pnos occurs chiefly in poetry ;

pKvs is the common name, and $6pKvv9 wos, is found only in late writers. (Eustath. ad 364, 1108.)

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