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books ; and it comes down to Ptolemaens who was called Euergetes, and to the end of Berenice, and as far as Cleomenes the Lacedaemonian, against whom Antigonus made war." When Suidas entitles it " the expedition of Pyrrhus, &c." he merely describes the first event in the work. The expedition of Pyfrhtis into Peloponnesus was in b. c. 272 ; the death of Cleomenes in b. c. 220: the work therefore embraced a period of fifty-two years. From some of the fragments of the work which have been preserved (e. g. Athen. viii. p. 334, a, xii. p. 539, b), it has been conjectured by some modern writers that Phylarchus commenced at an earlier period, perhaps as early as the death of Alexander the Great; but since digressions on earlier events might easily have been introduced by Phylarchus, we are not warranted in rejecting the express testimony of Suidas. As far as we can judge from the fragments, the work gave the history not only of Greece and Macedonia, but likewise of Aegypt, Gyrene, and the other states of the time ; and in narrating the history of Greece, Phylarchus paid particular attention to that of Cleomenes and the Lacedaemonians. The fragments are given in the works of Lucht, Briickner, and Miiller cited below.
2. Ta Kara tov 'Ayrio%ov Kal tov Tlepya^voj/ Ei^te^, was probably a portion of the preceding work, since the war between Eumenes I. and An-tiochus Soter was hardly of sufficient importance to give rise to a separate history, and that between Eumenes II. and Antiochus the Great was subsequent to the time of Phylarchus.
3. 4. 'ETrtTOja?) jUufliK?) Trepl ttjs tov Aids eiri-tyavelas., was one work, although cited by Suidas as two : the general title was 'ettlto/j.^ fAvducri, and that of the first part Ilepi rfjs tov Aios tiri-Qaveias.
6. Tlapefj.§do-€<*>v J3i6\ia 0', which is corrupt, since the word irape^affts is unknown.
7. "Aypatya, not mentioned by Suidas, and only by the Scholiast on Aelius Ari^teides (p. 103, ed. Frommel), was probably a work on the more abstruse points of mythology, of which no written account had ever been given.
(Sevin, Heclierches sur la Vie, et les Ouvrages de Phyl. in Mini, de F Academic des Inscriptions, vol. viii. p. 118, &c. ; Lucht, PTiylarclii Histori-arum Fragm. Lips. 1836 ; Bruckner, Idem. Vratisl. 1838 ; Car. and Theod. Mailer, Fragm. Histor. Graec. pp. Ixxvii. &c., 334, &c. ; Voss. de Hist. Graec. p. 150, ed. Westermann ; Droysen, GescMclite des Hellenismus, vol. i. p. 683 ; Clinton, F. //.vol. iii. p. 519.)
PHYLAS ($uAas). 1. A king of the Dryopes, was attacked and slain by Heracles, because he had violated the sanctuary of Delphi. By his daughter Mideia, Heracles became the father of Antiochus. (Pans. i. 5. § 2, iv. 34. § 6, x. 10. § 1 ; Diod. iv. 37.)
(Apollod. ii. 7. § 6 ; Horn. //. xvi. 180 ; comp. Diod. iv. 36.) [L. S.]
PHYLES («f>uA?7s), of Halicarnassus, the son of Polygnotus, was a statuary, whose name has been recently discovered by means of the inscriptions on the bases which originally supported two of his works. One of these is at Astypaleia, and belonged originally to a statue of bronze, which the people of that place erected in honour of their fellow-citizen, Polyeuctus, the son of Melesippus ; the other was found at Delos, and was the base of a statue erected in honour of a citizen of Rhodes. (Bockh, Corp. Tnscr. vol. ii. pp. 1039, 1098 ; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, p. 386.) [P. S.]
PHYLEUS («i>uAeus), a son of Augeias, was expelled by his father from Ephyra, because he gave his evidence in favour of Heracles. He then emigrated to Dulichium (Horn. //. ii. 629, xv. 530, xxiii. 637.) By Ctimene or Timandra Phyleus became the father of Meges, who is hence called Phyleides. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 305 ; Paus. v. 3. § 4 ; Apollod. ii. 5. § 5 ; Strab. x. p. 459.) [L. S.]
PHYLIDAS, or more poperly PHPLIDAS (<£uAi8as, «f»tAt§as), an Aetolian, was sent by Dori- machus, in the winter of b. c. 219, or rather perhaps early in the following year, to aid the Eleans against Philip V. of Macedon, in Triphylia. The king, however, made himself master successively of Alipheira, Typaneae, Hypana, and Phigalea, and Philidas, quite unable to check his progress, threw himself into Lepreum. But the inhabitants were hostile to him, and, on Philip's approach, he was obliged to evacuate the town. Philip pursued him with his light troops and captured all his baggage, but Philidas himself, with his forces, effected his escape to Samicum. Philip, however, began to invest the place, and the besieged army capitulated on condition of being allowed to march out with their arms. (Polyb. iv. 77—80.) [E. E.]
PHYLLIDAS (4»uAA/5as), a Theban, was se cretary to the polemarchs who held office under Spartan protection, after the seizure of the Cadmeia b}" Phoebidas, in b. c. 382. He was, however, a secret enemy of the new government, and appears to have made interest for the office which he oc cupied with the view of aiding the cause of freedom. Having been sent by his masters on some business to Athens, where the exiles had taken refuge, he arranged with them the particulars of their intended enterprise against the tyrants, and afterwards most effectually aided its execution in b. c. 379. Thus, having especially ingratiated himself with Archias and Philippus, of whose pleasures he pretended to be the ready minister, he introduced, in the disguise of women, the conspira tors who despatched them ; he gained admittance, according to Xenophon, for Pelopidas and his two companions to the house of leontiades ; and, before what had happened could be publicly known, he effected, with two others, his entrance into the prison, under pretence of an order from the pole marchs, and, having slain the jailor, released those who were confined there as enemies to the govern ment, (Xen. Hell v. 4. §§ 2—8 ; Pint. Pelop. 7, &c., de Gen. Sue. 4, 24, 26, 29, 32 ; Diod. xv. 25.) [E.E.]