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On this page: Pompaedius Silo – Pompeia – Pompeia Celerpna – Pompeia Gens – Pompeia Macrina – Pompeia Paulfna – Pompeianus

POMPEIA.

(De L. L. vii. 45) that a special priest, under the name tfjlamen Pomonalis, was appointed to attend to her service (comp. Plin. PI. N. xxiii. 1). It is not impossible that Pomona may in reality be nothing but the personification of one of the attri­ butes of Ops. (Hartung, Die Relig. d. Rom. vol. ii. p. 133, &c.) [L.S.]

POMPAEDIUS SILO. [silo.]

POMPEIA. 1. The daughter of Q. Pompeius, consul b.c. 141 [pompeius, No. 3], man-led C. Sicinius. (Cic. Brut. 76.)

2. The daughter of Q. Pompeius Rufus, son of the consul of b.c. 88 [pompeius, No. 8], and of Cornelia, the daughter of the dictator Sulla, She married C. Caesar, subsequently the dictator, in b. c. 67, but was divorced by him in b. c. 61, because she was suspected of intriguing with Clodius, who stealthily introduced himself into her husband's house while she was celebrating the mysteries of the BonaDea. (Suet. Caes. 6 ; Plut. Caes. 5, 10 ; Dion Cass. xxxvii. 45.)

3. The sister of the triumvir, married C. Mem-mius, who commanded in Sicily under her brother, in b. c. 81, and went as his quaestor into Spain, in the war against Sertorius, in which he was killed, b.c. 75. (Plut. Pomp. ll.Sert. 21 ; Cic. pro Balh. 2 ; Oros. v. 23.)

4. Daughter of the triumvir by his third wife Mucia. When her father, in b. c. 59, married Julia, the daughter of Julius Caesar, she was pro­mised to Servilius Caepio, to whom Julia had been already betrothed. She did not, however, marry Caepio, but Faustus Sulla, the son of the dictator, to whom she had likewise been previously betrothed. Her husband perished in the African war, b.c. 46, and she and her children fell into the hands of Caesar, who, however, dismissed them in safety. (Plut. Caes. 14, Pomp. 47 ; Dion Cass. xlii. 13 ; Auct. Bell. Afric. 95.) She subsequently married L. Cornelius Cinna, and her son by this marriage, Cn. Cinna Magnus, entered into a con­spiracy against Augustus (Dion Cass. Iv. 14 ; Senec. de Clem. i. 9.) She was with her brother Sextus in Sicily for some time, and she there made presents to the young Tiberius, subsequently emperor, when his parents fled for refuge to the island. (Suet. Tib. 6.) As her brother Sextus survived her, she must have died before B. c. 35. (Senec. Consol. ad Folyb. 34.)

5. Daughter of Sex. Pompeius Magnus, the son of the triumvir and of Scribonia. At the peace of Misenum in b.c. 39 she was betrothed to M. Claudius Marcellus, the son of Octavia, the sister of Octavian, but was never married to him. She accompanied her father in his flight to Asia, b. c. 36. (Appian, B.C. v. 73 ; Dion Cass. xlviii. 38, xlix. 11.) She is not mentioned after this time, but it has been conjectured by commentators, with much probability, that she may have married Scribonius Libo, and had by him a son, Scribonius Libo Drusus ; since Tacitus {Ann. ii. 27) calls Pompeius, the triumvir, the proavus of Libo Drusus; Scribonia, the wife of Augustus, his amita; and the two young Caesars his consobrini. The descent of Libo Drusus would then be, 1. Cn. Pompeius, the triumvir, proavus. 2. Sex. Pompeius, avus. 3. Pompeia, mater. 4. Libo Drusus.

6. Of uncertain origin, the wife of P. Vatinius, who was tribune, b. c. 59. She was still alive in b. c. 45. (Cic. ad Fam. v. 11.)

POMPEIA CELERPNA, the mother-in-law

473

POMPEIANUS.

of the }Tounger Pliny, to whom one of his letters is addressed. (Ep. i. 4.)

POMPEIA MACRINA, descended from Pom­peius Theophanes, was the daughter of Pompeius Macer, and was exiled by Tiberius a. D. 33. (Tac. Ann. vi. 18.)

POMPEIA PAULFNA. [paulina, No. 3.]

POMPEIA GENS, plebeian, is not mentioned till the second century before the Christian aera: the first member of it who obtained the consul-' ship, Q. Pompeius, in b. c. 141, is described as a man of a humble and obscure origin (Cic. Verr. v. 70, pro Muren. 7, Brut. 25). It is expressly stated that there were two or three distinct families of the Pompeii under the republic (Veil. Pat. ii. 21) ; and we can trace two, one of which was brought into celebrity by Q. Pompeius, the consul of b. c. 141, and the other is still better known as that to which the triumvir belonged. In the for­mer family we find the surname of Rufus ; in the latter, the father of the triumvir was distinguished by the personal cognomen of Strabo, and the tri­umvir himself gained that of Magnus, which he handed down to his children as an hereditary sur­name. Beside these cognomens we have on coins Faustulus as a surname of a Sex. Pompeius, who is otherwise unknown, and Pius as a surname of Sextus, the son of Cn. Pompeius Magnus, to desig­nate him as the avenger of his father and brother. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 280, &c.) But as all the members of these families are usually spoken of under their gentile name, and not under their cognomens, they are given below under pompeius. In addition to the cognomens already mentioned, we find many others, borne for the most part by freedmen or provincials, who had received the Roman franchise from the Pompeii: of these an alphabetical list is given below.

POMPEIANUS, son of Lucilla and Claudius Pompeianus. We are told by Spartianus that he was employed by Caracalla in the conduct of the most important wars, and was twice raised to the consulship, but his name does not appear in the Fasti. The same authority adds that he was put to death by the emperor, but in such a manner that he appeared to have perished by the hands of robbers. (Spartian. Caracatt. 3.) [W. R.]

POMPEIANUS, TIB. CLAU'DIUS, the son of a Roman knight originally from Antiocb, rose to the highest dignities under M. Aurelius. He was one of the legates despatched to oppose the barbarian Kelts from beyond the Rhine, when they threatened to burst into Italy [pertinax] : he stands in the Fasti as consul for a. d. 173, was suffectus probably in A. d. 176, and received in marriage Lucilla, the daughter of the emperor, before the regular period of mourning for her first husband L. Verus had expired. He was one of the trusty counsellors to whose charge the youthful Commodus was consigned, and one of the few who escaped the cruel persecution of that brutal savage, although he openly refused to countenance his follies, or to pander to his vices. During this unhappy period he passed his time chiefly in the country, excusing himself from appearing in public on account of age and weakness of sight. Pertinax, who had served under his command, treated him with the greatest distinction, and Didius Julianus is said to have invited him to quit his retirement at Tarraco, and to ascend the throne.. Lampridius would lead us to suppose that he actually fell a

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