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ceeded L. Junius Brutus, but who died a few days after his appointment. (Liv. ii. 8 ; Dionys. v. 19 ; Pint. Publ. 12.) Some of the annalists, however, stated that Horatius was the immediate successor of Brutus (Liv. ii. 8), while Polybius (iii. 22) mentions Brutus and Horatius together as the first consuls. There is a difference between Dionysius and Livy respecting another point. Dionysius (v. 21) makes Horatius consul a second time with P. Valerius Publicola, in the third year of the republic, b.c. 507, but Livy (ii. 15) speaks of P. Lucretius as the colleague of Publicola in that year, and makes no mention of a second consulship of Horatius. The account of Dionysius is supported by Tacitus (Hist. iii. 72), who speaks of the second consulship of Horatius. The name of Horatius Pulvillus is chiefly celebrated by his dedication of the temple in the Capitol, which was consecrated by him in his second consulship, according to Dionysius and Tacitus. The story runs, that it had been decided by lot that Horatius should have this honour, and that as he was on the point of pronouncing the solemn words of dedication, M. Valerius, the brother of his colleague, came to him with the false news that his son was dead, hoping that Horatius would utter some sound of lamentation, which would have interrupted the ceremony, and thus secured the dedication for Publicola. But Horatius did not allow himself to be disturbed by the dreadful tidings, and only replying " Carry out the dead,1' calmly proceeded to finish the dedication. (Liv. ii. 8, vii. 3 ; Pint. Publ. 14 ; Dionys. v. 35 ; Cic. pro Dom. 54 ; Tac. Hist. iii. 72.)
2. C. horatius M. p. M. n. pulvillus, said to be a son of No. 1, was consul, b. c. 477, with T. Menenius Lanatus. He was sent to carry on the war against the Volsci, but was recalled to oppose the Etruscans, who had taken possession of the Janiculum and crossed the Tiber, after gaining two victories, first over the Fabii at the Cremera, and subsequently over the consul Menenius. In the first battle, which Horatius fought with the Etruscans near the temple of Hope, neither party gained any advantage ; but in the second, which took place at the Colline gate, the Romans were slightly the superior. (Liv. ii. 51 ; Dionys. ix. 18, &c. ; Diod. xi. 53 ; Gell. xvii. 21, where he is erroneously called Marcus instead of Caius.) Horatius was consul a second time twenty years afterwards, in b. c. 457, with Q. Minucius Esquilinus Augurinus. He carried on war against the Aequi, whom he defeated, and destroyed Corbio. He died b. c. 453, of the pestilence, which carried off many distinguished men in that year. He was one of the college of augurs. (Liv. iii. 30, 32 ; Dionys. x. 26, &c.)
PUPIA GENS, plebeian, never attained any importance, and it was only by the adoption of a member of the noble family of Piso, that its name became enrolled in the consular Fasti. The Piso adopted by one of this gens is usually called M. Pupius Piso, and obtained the consulship in b. c. 61. We find on Greek coins the cognomen of rufus, which is the only surname'that occurs in the gens.
PUPIE'NUS MA'XIMUS, M. CLO'DIUS,
PUPILLUS, ORBI'LIUS. [orbilius.] PU'PIUS. 1. P. pupius, was one of the first, plebeian quaestors, elected b. c. 41)9. (Liv. iv. 54.)
2. cn. pupius, and K. Qnintius Flamininus, were appointed duumviri in b.c. 216, for building the temple of Concord. (Liv. xxii. 33.)
3. L. pupius, aedile b. c. 185, and praetor b. c. 183, when he obtained by lot the charge of Apulia. (Liv. xxxix. 39, 45.)
4. M. pupius, was an old man when he adopted Piso [No. 5], (Cic. pro Dom. 13.)
6. cn. pttpjus, an agent of the company that farmed the Bithynian revenues, is recommended by Cicero to Cfassipes (ad Fam. xiii. 9).
7. L. pupius, a centurio primi pili, fell into Caesar's hands, when he entered Italy at the beginning of b. c. 49, but was dismissed by him uninjured. (Caes. B. C. i. 13.)
PUPIUS, a Roman dramatist, whose compositions are characterised by Horace, whether ironically or not we cannot tell, as the " lacrymosa poemata Pupi." The sum total of our information regarding this personage is derived from the scholiast on the passage in question (Ep. i. 1. 67) : " Pupius, Tragoediographus, ita affectus spectantium movit ut eos flere compelleret. Inde istum versum fecit:
Flebunt amici et bene noti mortem meam, Nam populus in me vivo lacrymatu' est satis."
(Burmann, Anfhol. Lett. ii. 213, or No. 79, ed. Mever; comp. Weichert, Poet. Lat. Retiq. p. 276.) [W. R.]
PURPUREO, L. FU'RIUS, was tribune of the soldiers b. c. 210 under the consul Marcellus, and praetor B. c. 200, in which year he obtained Cisalpine Gaul as his province. He gained a brilliant victory over the Gauls, who had laid siege to Cremona under the command of the Carthaginian Hamilcar. More than 35,000 Gauls were killed or taken prisoners, and Hamilcar and three noble Gallic chiefs also fell in the battle. The senate voted a thanksgiving of three days in consequence of the victory, and the honour of a triumph was granted to Purpureo, though not without some opposition. He was consul b. c. 196 with M. Claudius Marcellus, and with his colleague defeated the Boii. Purpureo vowed three temples to Jupiter, two in the Gallic war during his praetorship, and the other during his consulship: one of these was consecrated in b.c. 194, and the other two in b. c. 192. After the conquest of Antiochus by Scipio, Purpureo was one of the ten commissioners sent by the senate to settle the affairs of Asia. He is mentioned again in b. c. 187, as one of the vehement opponents of the