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2. M., consul with Commodus in a. d. 177 (Fasti).
QUrNTIUS. 1. D. quintius, a man of obscure birth, but of great military reputation, commanded the Roman fleet at Tarentum in b. c. 210, and was slain in a naval engagement in that year. (Liv. xxvi. 39.)
2. P. quintius, the person whom Cicero defended in b. c. 81. The oration in his behalf is still extant.
3. L. quintius, tribune of the plebs, b. c. 74, is characterised by Cicero as a man well fitted to speak in public assemblies (Cic. Brut. 62). He distinguished himself by his violent opposition to the constitution of Sulla, and endeavoured to regain for the tribunes the power of which they had been deprived. The unpopularity excited against the judices by the general belief that they had been bribed by Cluentius to condemn Oppianicus, was of service to Quintius in attacking another of Sulla's measures, by which the judices were taken exclusively from the senatorial order. Quintius warmly espoused the cause of Oppianicus, constantly asserted his innocence, and raised the flame of popular indignation to such a height, that Ju-nius, who had presided at the trial, was obliged to retire from public life. L. Quintius, however, was not strong enough to obtain the repeal of any of Sulla's laws. The consul Lucullus opposed him vigorously in public, and induced him, by persuasion in private, says Plutarch, to abandon his attempts. It is not improbable that the aristocracy made use of the powerful persuasion of money to keep him quiet. (Plut. Lucull. 5 ; Sallust, Hist. p. 173, ed. Orelli ; Pseudo-Ascon. in Div. in Caecil. p. 103, in Act. i. in Verr. pp. 127, 141, ed. Orelli ; Cic. pro Cluent. 27—29, 37, 39.)
In b. c. 67 Quintius was praetor, in which year he took his revenge upon his old enemy Lucullus, by inducing the senate to send him a successor in his province, although he had, according to a statement of Sallust, received money from Lucullus to prevent the appointment of a successor. (Plut. Lucull. 33, where he is erroneously called L. Quintus ; Sail. ap. Schol. in Cic. de Leg. Man. p. 441, ed. Orelli.)
QUINTUS, an eminent physician at Rome, in the former half of the second century after Christ. He was a pupil of Marinus (Galen, Comment, in Hippocr. " De Nat. Horn." ii. 6, vol. xv. p. 136), and not his tutor, as some modern writers assert. He was tutor to Lycus (id. ibid.) and Satyrus (id. ibid., De Anatom. Admin, i. 1, 2, vol. ii. pp. 217, 225, De Antid. i. 14, vol. xiv. p. 71), and Iphicia-nus (id. Comment, in Hippocr. " Epid. III." i. 29, vol. xvii. pt. i. p. 575). Some persons say he was also one of the tutors of Galen himself, but this is probably an error. He was so much superior to his medical colleagues that they grew jealous of his eminence, and formed a sort of coalition against him, and forced him to quit the city by charging him with killing his patients (id. De Praenot. ad Epig. c. 1, vol. xiv. p. 602). He died about the year 148 (id. De Anat. Admin, i. 2, vol. ii. p. 225). He was particularly celebrated for his knowledge of anatomy (id. De Libris Pro-priis, c. 2, vol. xix. p. 22), but wrote nothing himself, either on this or any other medical subject (id. Comment, in Hippocr. " De Nat. Horn." i. 25, ii. 6, vol. xv. pp. 68, 136) ; his pupil Lycus professing to deliver his master's opinions (id. Comment, in
Hippocr. " Aphor." iii. praef. vol. xvii. pt. ii. p. 562). He appears to have commented on the "Aphorisms" and the "Epidemics" of Hippocrates, but Galen says that his explanations were not always sound (Comment, in Hippocr. " Epid. /." i. praef. vol. xvii. pt. i. p. 6, De Ord. Libror. suor. vol. xix. p. 57). Several of his sayings have been preserved, which show more rudeness than wit, and (as Galen says) are more suitable to a jester than a physician (De Sanit. Tu. iii. 13, vol. vi. p. 228, Comment, in Hippocr. " Epid. VI." iv. 9, vol. xvii. pt. ii. p. 151 ; Pallad. Comment, in Hip pocr. " Epid. VI." ap. Dietz, Schol. in Hippocr. et Gal. vol. ii. p. 113). He is mentioned in several other passages of Galen's writings, and also by Aetius (i. 1, p. 39) ; and he is probably the phy sician quoted by Oribasius (Synops. ad Eustath. iii. p. 56). [W. A. G.]
QUINTUS, a gem-engraver, and his brother Aulus, flourished probably in the time of Au gustus. There are several works of Aulus extant, but only a fragment of one by Quintus. From the manner in which their names appear on their works, ATA02 AAEEA EH., KOINTO2 AAEH EITOIEI, Winckelmann and Sillig conclude that their father's name was Alexander ; but Osann endeavours to prove that the second word stands for the genitive, not of 'AAe^a^Spos, but of 3A\e£as. (Bracci, fol. 8 ; Sillig, Cat. Art. s. v.; Osann, in the Kunstblatt, 1830, p. 336.) [P. S.] QUINTUS CURTIUS. [CunTius.] QUINTUS SMYRNAEUS (KJiVros Sjuvp. vouos), commonly called quintus calaber, from the circumstance that the first copy through which his poem became known was found in a convent at Otranto in Calabria, was the author of a poem in 14 books, entitled toi. ^uefl' "O^pou, or irapa- Xenr6/j,eva 'O/x?7p<p. Scarcely any thing is known of his personal history ; but from the metrical and poetic characteristics of his poem, as compared with the school of Nonnus, it appears most probable that he lived towards the end of the fourth century after Christ. From a passage in his poem (xii. 308—313), it would seem that even in early youth he made trial of his poetic powers, while en gaged in tending sheep near a temple of Artemis in the territory of Smyrna. The matters treated of in his poem are the events of the Trojan war from the death of Hector to the return of the Greeks. It begins rather abruptly with a descrip tion of the grief and consternation at the death of Hector which reigned among the Trojans, and then introduces Penthesileia, queen of the Amazons, who comes to their aid. In the second book we have the arrival, exploits, and death of Memnon ; in the third, the death of Achilles. The fourth and fifth books describe the funeral games in honour of Achilles, the contest about his arms, and the death of Ajax. In the sixth book, Neoptole- mus is sent for by the Greeks, and Eurypylus comes to the help of the Trojans. The seventh and eighth books describe the arrival and exploits of Neoptolemus ; the ninth contains the exploits of Deiphobus, and the sending for Philoctetes by the Greeks. The tenth, the death of Paris and the suicide of Oenone, who had refused to heal him. The eleventh book narrates the last unsuc cessful attempt of the Greeks to carry Ilium by storm ; the twelfth and thirteenth describe the capture of the city by means of the wooden horse ; the fourteenth, the rejoicing of the Greeks,—the