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de Or at. ii. 69). 3. Pro lege sua de tribunis mi-litum, delivered when consul, B. c. 105. (See Fest. s. v. Rufuli tribuni.) 4. De modo aedificiorum. On setting bounds to the extravagance displayed in rearing sumptuous dwellings. Probably deli­vered in his consulship. (Suet. Aug. 89.) 5. Pro L. Caerucio ad populum. Time and subject unknown. 6. Pro se contra publicanos. Deli­vered b.c. 93 or 92. 7. Oratio fida ad Mithri-datem regem (Plut. Pomp. 37). He wrote also an autobiography in five books at least (Tac. Agric. 1), quoted by Charisius (pp. 96, 100, 105, 112, 119, 176, ed. Putsch.), by Diomedes (pp. 371, 372), and by Isidorus (Orig. xxii. 11) ; and a History of Rome in Greek, which contained an account of the Numantine war, in which he had served ; but we know not what period it embraced. (In addition to the authorities quoted above see likewise Athen. iv. p. 168, vi. p. 274, xii. p. 543 ; Plut. Mar. 28 ; Liv. xxxix. 52 ; Macrob. Sat. i. 16 ; Plin. H. N. vii. 30 ; Gell. vii. 14, § 10 ; Lactant. xv. 17 ; Appian. B. H. 88 ; Suidas s. v. 'povtl\ios ; Meyer, Oratorum Roman. Fragmenta, p. 265, 2d ed. ; Krause, Vitae Historic. Roman. p. 227.) With regard to the question whether Rufus was ever tribune of the plebs, see Clinton, sub b. c. 88, and Cic. pro Plane. 21. [ W. R.]

RirTILUS, CORNE'LIUS COSSUS. [Cos-sus, No. 7.]

RUTILUS, HOSTI'LIUS, praefect of the camp in the army of Drusus in Germany, b. c. 11. (Obsequ. 132.)

RUTILUS, C. MA'RCIUS, L. p. C. n., one of the distinguished plebeians, who obtained the highest offices of the state soon after the enactment of the Licinian laws. He was consul for the first time in b. c. 357 with Cn. Manlius Capitolinus, and carried on the war against the inhabitants of Privernum. He took the town, and obtained a triumph in consequence. In the following year, b. c. 356, he was appointed dictator in order to carry on the war against the Etruscans. This was the first time that a plebeian had attained this dignity; and the patricians were so indignant at what they chose to regard as a desecration of the office, that, notwithstanding the public danger, they threw every obstacle in the way of the pre­parations for the war. The people, however, eagerly supplied Rutilus with every thing that

•was needed, and enabled him to take the field with

•a well appointed army. Their expectations of suc­cess were fully realised. The plebeian dictator defeated the Etruscans with great slaughter ; but as the senate refused him a triumph, notwithstand­ing his brilliant victory, he celebrated one by com­mand of the people. In b. c. 352 he obtained the consulship a second time with P. Valerius Pub-licola ; and in the following year, b. c. 351, he was the first plebeian censor. He was consul for the third time in b. c. 344 with. T. Manlius Torquatus, and for the fourth time in b. c. 342 with Q. Ser-vilius Ahala. In the latter year, which was the second of the Samnite war, Rutilus was stationed in Campania, and there discovered a formidable conspiracy among the Roman troops, which he quelled before it broke out by his wise and prudent measures. (Liv. vii. 16, 17, 21, 22, 28, 38, 39.) The son of this Rutilus took the surname of Cen-sorinus, which in the next generation entirely sup-' planted that of Rutilus, and became the name of

•the family. [censoring.]


RUTILUS, NAU/TIUS- 1. sp. nautjus rutilus, is first mentioned by Dionysius in b. c. 493, as one of the most distinguished of the younger patricians at the time of the secession of the plebeians to the Sacred Mount. He was consul in B. c. 488 with Sex. Furius Medullinus Fusus, in which year Coriolanus marched against Rome. (Dionys. vi. 69, viii. 16, &c.; Liv. ii. 39.)

2. C. nautilus sp. f. sp. n. rutilus, pro­bably brother of No. 1., was consul for the first time b. c. 475, with P. Valerius Publicola, and laid waste the territory of the Volscians, but was unable to bring them to a battle. He was consul a second time in b. c. 458, with L. Minucius Augurinus. While Rutilus carried on the war with success against the Sabines, his colleague Mi­nucius was defeated by the Aequians ; and Rutilus had to return to Rome to appoint L. Quintius Cin-cinnatus dictator. (Liv. ii. 52, iii. 25, 26, 29 ; Dionys. ix. 28, 35, x. 22, 23, 25.)

3. sp. nautilus rutilus, consular tribune, b. c, 424. (Liv. iv. 35.)

4. sp. nautilus sp. f. sp. n. rutilus, three times consular tribune, namely in b. c. 419, 416, 404. Livy says that Rutilus held the office a second time in 404, but the Capitoline Fasti make it a third time ; and this is more consistent Avith Livy's own account, who had mentioned previously two tribunates of Rutilus. (Liv. iv. 44, 47, 61 ; Fasti Capit.)

5. C. nautius rutilus, consul b. c. 411, with M. Papirius Mugillanus. (Liv. iv. 52.)

6. sp. nautius sp. f. sp. n. rutilus, con­sul b. c. 316 with M. Popillius Laenas. (Liv. ix. 21 ; Fasti Capit.)

7. sp. nautius (rutilus), an officer in the army of the consul L. Papirius Cursor, b. c. 293, distinguished himself greatly in the battle against the Samnites, and was rewarded in consequence by the consul. (Liv. x. 41, 44.)

8. C. nautius rutilus, consul b. c. 287 with M. Claudius Marcellus. (Fasti.)

RUTILUS SEMPRONIUS. 1. C. sem-pronius rutilus, tribune of the plebs b. c. 189, joined his colleague P. Sempronius Gracchus in a public prosecution of M\ Acilius Glabrio. (Liv. xxxvii. 57.)

2. sempronius rutilus, one of Caesar's le­gates in Gaul. (Caes. B. G. vii. 90.)




SABA or SAB AS (Sagas), a celebrated Greek ecclesiastic of the fifth century. He was a native of Mutalasca, a village in Cappadocia, where he was born, as his biographer, Cyril of Scythopolis, records, in the seventeenth consulship of the em­peror Theodosius II., A. d. 439. His parents, named Joannes and Sophia, were Christians, and persons of rank. His father being engaged in military service at Alexandria, he was left at Mu­talasca, under the care of Hermias, his maternal uncle ; but the depraved character of his uncle's wife led to his removal and his being placed under the care of another uncle, Gregorius, his father's brother, who resided in the village of Scandus, in the same neighbourhood. His two uncles having a dispute about the guardianship of the

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